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Ethnocentrism and Xenocentrism

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Krizzia Monreal

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of Ethnocentrism and Xenocentrism

Ethnocentrism and Xenocentrism
- judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture.

- is the practice of comparing other cultural practices with those of one's own and automatically finding those other cultural practices to be inferior.

- ethno comes from Greek and refers to a people, nation, or cultural grouping, while centric comes from Latin and refers, of course to the centre.

- measure all other cultures as good or bad, high or low, right or queer in proportion as they resemble ours. Ethnocentrism William G. Sumner - coined ethnocentrism upon observing
the tendency for people to differentiate
between the in-group and others.

- defined it as "the technical name for
the view of things in which one's own
group is the center of everything, and
all others are scaled and rated with reference to it.

Origin of the Concept and its Study 2 Forms of Ethnocentrism: •Cultural ethnocentrism - belief that a particular culture is
superior to all other cultures
and groups.

Economic ethnocentrism - belief that other groups are
economic competitors.

Conclusions Ethnocentrism is a powerful force that weakens
human relations.Despite the cultural differences, we
are all still human. There is no intrinsic difference
between a Jew and a Christian, a black and a white,
a Chinese citizen and a German citizen, and so forth. Positive: (creates in-group loyalty)

Filipinos are trying to recognize their heritage.

Negative: (can lead to harmfudiscrimination against
people whose ways differ from ours)

Believing that you are better than the others.
Positive and Negative Examples Xenocentrism -political neologism, coined as the antonym
of ethnocentrism.

- preference for the products, styles, or
ideas of someone else's culture rather
than of one's own.

- thinking that something foreign is better
than anything your own culture can

John D. Fullmer - xenocentrism results from an attempt on
the part on an individual to correct his or her
own ethnocentrism.

- is a belief in which one's culture is inferior to
the other culture. One culture has the desire
that their culture is not better or the feeling
of being inferior to the other culture. Origin of the Concept and its Study - In the United States, it is often assumed that European
products such as wine and cheese are superior to those
produced locally.

- Japan is the only country that makes great cars.

-French perfume is the only good perfume.

-Patronizing imported products. Examples of Xenocentrism: Ethnocentrism
Full transcript