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Gender-based Bullying & GSAs
Transcript of Gender-based Bullying & GSAs
- "While admirable, we must be cautious about these outcomes. The safe-space discourse, built on the assumption that LGBT youth and their allies need to be protected from a sometimes hostile school environment, sidesteps the heteronormative school climate that makes necessary the existence of GSAs in the first place." - Sean Currie
Bill 10 and 202
- Schools must provide a GSA if a student requests one.
- Allow discussion of sexual orientation in the classroom without parental notice.
Steps Towards Real
- Provision of Venues
- Breaking the Silence
- Forming Alliances
- Teachers and Administration
- Adams Testimony
Lindsay, Kaydee, Krista, Dawson & Quinlyn
What is GENDER?
What do you think Gender is?
A person’s internal sense of Gender; it relates to one’s sense of maleness, femaleness, or a fluid interplay between these constructs.
Feelings of attraction, behaviour, intimacy, or identification that attract people towards intimacy with others.
Historically a negative word for homosexuality; recently it has reclaimed and used in positive ways.
Gender Identities that fall outside the Heteronormative Binary:
An individual whose assigned sex and gender is the same as their gender identity.
An LGBTQ bar in New York City that was the site of 1969 riot between patrons and police. This event is considered to be the beginning of the modern gay liberation movement.
Gay-Straight Alliance (GSA):
Student organizations found in some K-12 schools and post-secondary institutions that create a safe and supportive places for sexual and gender minority students and their allies.
The notion of Gender Performativity is credited to Judith Butler
She believed that Gender is a ongoing performance
It is usually performed through those everyday, mundane acts
This causes us to think of gender as “natural” and “normal”
Laws that Guide
Gender-Based Bullying in Society
Public and Private Spaces
Kinds of Gender-Based Bullying
Assumptions of Gender/Heteronormativity
Gender-Based Bullying in School
Influenced by Gender-Based Bullying in Society
Children Perceive “Rules” of Gender
Children Police Other Children on their Adherence to the Rules
98% of students having heard the language, 51% on daily basis
More likely to drink alone→ correlated with loneliness
Higher risk for psychosocial problems such as depression, drug/alcohol abuse, harm to self
5.5X more likely attempted suicide once
458 Canadians aged 10-24 committed suicide in 2008
Better self esteem
End Note on Benefits
GSA’s help students become better than just a hurtful statistic and become stronger and gain a sense of identity
“Taking our clubs is like us putting a gun in our hands and waiting for us to pull the trigger”
Homophobic Bullying In Society
“Homophobic bullying is defined as bullying behaviours that are motivated by prejudice against a person’s actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity.
Like traditional bullying, homophobic bullying can happen in many different ways such as emotional, verbal, physical, or sexual bullying:
Being compared to LGBTQ celebrities / caricatures / characters that portray particular stereotypes of LGBTQ people
Indirect bullying / social exclusion
How is Homophobic Bullying Displayed?
Denial of their sexual orientation to themselves or others or attempts to change their sexual orientation
Low self-esteem and / or negative body image
A dislike towards other open or obvious LGB young people
Shame, depression, defensiveness, anger or bitterness
Self-ridicule to gain social/peer acceptance
Risk-taking behaviours including substance abuse
Self-harm and/or suicidal thoughts
Safe Space Perspective
- GSAs exist to protect students
- How to name a GSA