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Human Trafficking Presentation

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Amy Thurston

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Human Trafficking Presentation

Civil Rights
What is it?

Human trafficking is a form of modern day
slavery where people profit from the control
and exploitation of others.
All trafficking is exploitative, but when exploitation is not for financial gain and does not involve force, fraud or coercion it is not considered trafficking.

Whenever a child is used for commercial sex including prostitution or pornography, it is considered trafficking. Force, fraud, or coercion does not need to be proven because a child is inherently vulnerable.

Physical Restraint




False Promises

Posing as a false
agency or other
service job

Lying about working
conditions or wage


Threats or blackmail

Confiscation of passport
or documents

Making a person afraid
to seek help
Sex Trafficking: The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for commercial sex.

Labor Trafficking:
The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for labor services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, debt bondage or slavery.
Trafficking is often confused with smuggling
and they are not interchangeable terms.
Human smuggling is defined as the importation of people into the United States involving deliberate evasion of immigration laws.

Smuggling is

Trafficking is
Infograph from LOVE146.org
At the Refugee and Immigrant Center, we can provide case management services to foreign born survivors of human trafficking. We work with survivors of both sex and labor trafficking. We will provide a screening to determine eligibility. Financial support can be provided to potential trafficking survivors, and in some cases, their family members. Services include:
Public Benefits
English as a Second Language (ESL)
Mental Health
Connect with Legal
Basic Needs
Who We Work With

Pre-Certified: Refers to the period of time between when trafficking victims are initially identified and officially certified by Health and Human Services.
Main objectives: Connect with lawyer and work towards T-Visa; basic needs; ESL

Certified: Refers to the period of time after the victim receives official certification from Health and Human Services. Adult and minor victims who are not US citizens or Lawful Permanent Residents are eligible to receive benefits and services under any federal or state program or activity to the same extent as a refugee.
Main objectives: Employment; U.S. documents; public benefits

Derivative: Immediate family members (spouse or children) who have received a T-2 or T-3 Visa
Main objectives: Same as for “Certified” (with addition of child-specific needs)

Certification Letter: certification allows adult victims of human trafficking who are not U.S. citizens or Lawful Permanent Residents to be eligible to receive benefits and services under any federal or state program or activity to the same extent as a refugee. Once a victim has Continued Presence or a T-Visa, he or she can receive a Certification Letter from the U.S. Department of Health a Human Services (HHS) Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). Certification Letters do not expire but many benefits are time-limited.
T-Visa: a type of visa allowing certain victims of human trafficking and immediate family members to remain and work temporarily in the United States if they agree to assist law enforcement in testifying against the perpetrators. It is granted for four years and the holder can apply for a Green Card after three years.
Continued Presence: a temporary immigration status provided to individuals identified by law enforcement as victims of human trafficking. This status allows victims of human trafficking to remain in the U.S. temporarily during the ongoing investigation into the human trafficking related crimes committed against them. Continued Presence is initially granted for one year and may be renewed in one-year increments.
Red Flags for Identifying Potential Trafficking Victims:
Lack of freedom to leave living or working conditions
Few or no personal possessions or financial records
Individual owes a large debt and cannot pay it off; unpaid or paid very little
Not in control of own identification and legal documents (passport, visa, birth certificate)
Signs of physical abuse, restraint, branding, malnourishment, general lack of health care.
Inconsistencies in story, claims of "just visiting"
Quick Reference: Examples of Trafficking Assessment Questions:
Are you safe right now?
Are you doing what you expected to do?
What are your working conditions and hours?
Are you paid? How?
Can you leave your current situation if you want to?
Have you or your family been threatened?
Do you have control of your own legal identification documents?
The Refugee and Immigrant Center
at Asian Association of Utah
155 South 300 West
Salt Lake City, UT 84101

Amy Thurston
Anti-Trafficking Program Coordinator

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