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assistive and adaptive technologies in educational settings

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Allen Dubson

on 4 April 2011

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Transcript of assistive and adaptive technologies in educational settings

assistive and adaptive technologies in educational settings As the result of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), first enacted in 1975, and the subsequent re-authorizations of the Act, including the most recent in 2004, assistive technology has a major impact on the education of students with disabilities. Increased emphasis has been placed on addressing the need for assistive technology as a part of special education, as a related service, or as a supplementary aid for students with disabilities. In fact, assistive technology must be considered as a part of the Individual Education Program (IEP) process for every student. What is a assistive technology device? Assistive technology device means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability. The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of such device Refrence page http://www.atp.ne.gov/techassist/def-legal.html
Where does the funding come from for assistive learning?
IDEA places the responsibility for funding of assistive technology devices and services required for a free appropriate public education on the school district. The U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education (OSEP) issued a letter of interpretation, dated January 1995, indicating that districts have a responsibility for ensuring that assistive technology necessary to achieve a student’s goal is provided when it is included in the student’s Individual Education Program. Refer to Section III Legal Requirements or to the Appendix of this document for letters of interpretation.

Adaptive Technology for the Classroom
Adaptive technology allows students who are blind, vision-impaired or deaf-blind learn the same lessons as their classmates. Special devices, software and technology are used in the classroom to provide disabled students with access to the same learning materials and instruction as their peers.

http://www.ehow.com/about_6363888_adaptive-technology-classroom.html School Obligations
Schools are required by the federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Section 504, to provide students with disabilities "comparable access" to state and local programs. Under the ADA, schools must provide qualified interpreters and/or other assistive devices in the classroom. These devices include closed caption decoders, telecommunications devices for the head of hearing or deaf persons (TTYs), telephone handset amplifiers, open and closed captioning, transcription services, telephone assistive listening systems and videotext displays among others. Flashing alert systems, such as flashing fire alarms, are used to alert deaf students of an emergency.
How is Augmentative Communication used in class?
Augmentative Alternative Communication (AAC) is used for hearing- and sight-impaired students. AAC is a method that replaces speech and/or writing with a method the student can learn and understand. For example, sign language can be used to communicate with deaf or extremely hard-of-hearing students. Many schools that use AAC teach sign language skills as part of the classroom curriculum Some assistive technologies include:

•text-to-speech screen readers
•alternative keyboards and mice
•head pointing devices
•voice recognition software
•screen magnification software. http://www.deltacollege.edu/dept/dsps/DSPSStudentServices-AdaptiveTechnology.html Examples of Technology Used to Help
Students with Hearing Impairments
Assistive Listening SystemSystem
A device that has a microphone for the teacher to speak into that transmits to the student. Background noise is cut down and teacherteacher’’s voice is made much clearer. Examples of Technology Used to Help
Students with Hearing Impairments
􀂄ClosedClosed--CaptioningCaptioning􀂄Words appear onWords on--screen as they are spoken by the instructor or by a video clip.􀂄This can be accomplished using texttext--toto--speech systems or a video with correct timing Examples of Technology Used to Help
Those with Visual Impairments
􀂄 IssistIssistIZoomIZoomScreen MagnifierScreen Magnifier
􀂄 One of many screen magnifier programs that blows up a portion of the screen to help visuallyhelp visually--impaired students see images and text more clearly. http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/kilnerr/575/assistive.pdf
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