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Using Energy

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by

Ms. Klodt

on 12 June 2014

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Transcript of Using Energy

Strategies for
Gaining Weight Eat more often
Add extra calories to food
drink your calories (milk & juice)
eat unsaturated fats
dried fruit
Eat energy dense foods
Exercise
Difficult to measure, outside of health
growth charts, compares children to overall standards
Body Mass Index (BMI), compares height and weight to estimated amount of body fat, calculated by taking weight (kg)/height(cm) x height(cm).
Waist circumference, measures fat stored in abdomen
Waist to hip ratio, measures fat stores in abdomen, also called apple or pear
Skinfold measure, measured stores of fat below skin Determining
Healthy Body Size Maintaining a Healthy Weight Eat when you are hungry, not bored
Eat appropriate portions
measure your food
Eat mostly healthy food, but enjoy occasionally unhealthy treats
Avoid fad diets, where weight is lost quickly and nutrition is not considered
Living a
Healthy Lifestyle Hang around with people who help you make healthy choices
Real life, online
Eat breakfast every day
increases yor metabolism, helps you make healthy choices
Avoid fast food
high in empty calories
Eat regular meals and small snacks Balanced Eating Balancing Energy Energy Using Energy Amount of energy used depends on basal metabolic rate (BMR)
depends on age, size, sex, activity level
amount of muscle and hormones, especially hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism
Basal metabolism + thermic effect of food
Set point theory believes that bodies default to a certain weight Balancing Energy Metabolism is a measure of how quickly the body uses energy
Catabolism: body breaking down nutrients
Anabolism: body building up cells
Energy is used as
simple sugars, used directly
excess stores as glycogen and fat
fatty acids, used as energy and building biocheimcals
excess stored as adipose tissue
Amino acids, used to build proteins
excess used for energy and stored as glycogen and fat
Excess adipose tissue can be a risk factor for several diseases, including
heart diseases, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, liver disease, gallbladder disease
All are mostly effected by poor diet and sedentary lifestyle
Metabolic Syndrome
A group of factors that cause illness
large waste circumference
low HDL cholesterol
high blood sugar
high fat levels in blood
high blood pressure
Excess adipose tissues in abdomen
increased risk of diabetes (production of insulin resistance causing protein, heart disease, stroke & kidney disease) For Teens Follow the food guide
Calcium, iron, limit trans & saturated fats, eat whole veg & fruit
Choose healthy foods while eating at restaurants
Choose healthy snacks
protein & carbs together
Exercise
Full transcript