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Thoughts About Oil Spills

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Yingqiao Mao

on 6 December 2016

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Transcript of Thoughts About Oil Spills

--What causes all these oil spills to happen? --Why do people have to face these dreadful effects several times?
Oil Spills destroy people's idea
--We mostly need to be blamed
“As much as Alaska is a place, it is an idea, and that idea was damaged.”
Why We Cannot Stop Spills Quickly?
Horrible Damages
1. It was impossible to stop leaking oil as soon as it spilled, but it was we that let it spilled more widely.

2. When facing with accidental problems:
1). lack of experience
2). lack of prospective strategies

3. After the accidental problems happened
1). slow actions
(governments and institutions)

Xinyu Xu (X.Y.)
Wednesday, December 2, 2016
ESL 1902
Dreadly Results of Two Oil Spills
e.g: Effects on Seabirds
Ways To Diminishing Consequences
Thoughts About Oil Spills
bp oil spill, deepwater horizon, Gulf Coast, gulf of mexico, controlled burnJohn Masson
/ US Coast Guard, http://www.counterspill.org/disaster/bp-oil-spill#photos-299

CHRIS WILKINS/AFP/Getty Images, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/24/exxon-valdez-oil-spill-photos_n_5020845.html
"Yeah, uh, this is Valdez... We've fetched up hard aground, north of Goose Island off of Bligh Reef and, evidently, leaking some oil. And we're going to be here for a while."
---------- Joseph Hazelwood, Exxon Valdez Skipper March 23, 1989
“The days continued to pass, the oil leaked, and nobody ever called. It has been a few weeks of waiting” (Saslow, 2011) -----T. Hailey Thatcher
Americans protest to mark 3-month anniversary of Gulf oil spill(4) 2010-07-21 15:06:23, http://english.chi na.com/zh_cn/news/international/11020308/201007 21/16037433 _3.html
------Otto Harrison Exxon cleanup manager
1. environment
al health
1) sea water
2) air conditi
2. animals
3. people living nearby
4. economy (tourism)
especially seabirds
Oiled wings can kill birds.
Courtesy San Francisco Chronicle
“When oil sticks to a bird's feathers, it causes them to mat and separate, impairing waterproofing and exposing the animal's sensitive skin to extremes in temperature. This can result in hypothermia, meaning the bird becomes cold, or hyperthermia, which results in overheating. Instinctively, the bird tries to get the oil off its feathers by preening, which results in the animal ingesting the oil and causing severe damage to its internal organs. In this emergency situation, the focus on preening overrides all other natural behaviors, including evading predators and feeding, making the bird vulnerable to secondary health problems such as severe weight loss, anemia and dehydration.”
----"How Oil Affects Birds"
(Some of the oil will evaporate into the air or deposit on the seafloor.)
1.use physical method
e.g: use physical barriers such as skimmers to remove and block oil spill or absorb oil by sponges
chemicals that used to break down the oil into smaller particles which could mix water more easily and prevent foaming
However, all of these methods led to a secondary effect on
not only environment but also human beings
In this highly developed society, people relied heavily on electricity and other secondary resources. However, natural resources are limit and using these resources like burning oil and gas will contaminate environment. In order to develop sustainable socety, developing new natural resources seems urgent and necessary. e.g. solar power
" Each coin has two sides"
Using natural resources will both benefits and threats harm to our society. People need to think thoroughly about how to make good use of resources and how to handle problems that using natural resources might bring about before using them. Two appalling oil spills are important lessons for us. Governments and relative institutions and specialists need to find ways of preventing negative effects before exploring a new type of resources, so if even an accident happen, people still mostly know how to deal with them instead of letting it spread without control. Also, people need to respect nature so as to develop sustainable society and do not use out of all the natural resources before exploring substitutes.
Saslow, E. (2011). Ten Letters. A Division of Random House, Inc. New York.
How Oil Affects Birds. (2011). Retrieved from International Bird Rescue: https://www.bird-rescue.org/our-work/research-and-education/how-oil-affects-birds.aspx
“The Spill: Personal Stories from the Exxon Valdez Disaster”
3.Oil-eating microbes
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