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AMERICAN YODAS: Representations of Teaching and Learning in Film, News and Social Media

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Alan Taylor

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Transcript of AMERICAN YODAS: Representations of Teaching and Learning in Film, News and Social Media

AMERICAN YODAS: representations of teaching and learning in U. S. film, news, and social media.

Dr. Alan Taylor (Oxon), Jena, Germany, March 20th, 2015.

The 1950s USA
REVISIONING THE HISTORY
BACK TO NORMALCY IN FERGUSON; 2014
Dr. McCoy - 2014
REPRESENTATION
DEDICATED TO
6
CREDITS...DANKE SCHON....

Today's audience
Christin Reimann, Halle-Witttenberg
Dr. Diana A. Taylor, Ulm
and Steve Hardie, Hollywood

Viel Gluck!
CONFERENCE; MARCH 2015 Aspects of American Culture, Veranstaltungs-Nr.: 14L162001

"Teaching languages is always closely connected with cultural studies. The aim of this course is to provide participants with intercultural issues and information about different aspects of contemporary social and cultural life in the United States. The workshops will provide practice in American language, cultural studies and teaching through a broad variety of activities such as lectures, interactive discussions and media.

This course will be held in cooperation with the U.S. Embassy Berlin, the Muhlenberg Center for American Studies (MCAS) at the University Halle-Wittenberg and the Thüringer Institut für Lehrerfortbildung, Lehrplanentwicklung und Medien Bad Berka."

Zielgruppen: Fachbetreuer - Fachseminarleiter - Fortbildner - Lehrkräfte - Leiter von Fachschaften - Mitglieder von Fachgruppen

Dozent(en): Dr. Verena Laschinger - Michelle Sudbrock - Dr. Helga Hämmerling - Ines Klausch - Melinda Palmer Kolb - Dr. Alan Taylor - Anne Grob - Dr. Carsten Albers - David Russell Ewens



REPRESENTING TEACHING AND LEARNING

- THE HOLLYWOOD VERSION

THE FILM GENRE
LITERACY AND POWER
MULTICULTURALISM
TEACHER AS AGENT HERO
THE FILM GENRE

ORIGINS OF THE SCENE
the American Public School
19th century
Horace Mann (1796-1859)
Mass' Board of Education
European visit of 1843
The Prussian System
Administration
Teaching the teachers
Graded Classes
Industrial model

THE SCENE
The SOP
Teaching
Model

THE SOP LESSON PLAN
1, Preparation. To establish the common frame or terministic screen of the student.

2. Presentation. New material that builds on the old should be introduced in a
logical manner, so that the planned concepts would most likely be “welcomed”
into the students’ minds.

3. Association. To domesticate the new ideas "so that they are
associated with the student’s whole circle of thinking".

4. Generalisation. "...to enable students to create a
general idea that had not been explicitly part of how the
mind was previously organised."

5. Application.



SUMMARY ANALYSIS
COMPLICATIONS
John Taylor Gatto
and the attack on the
US public school system

- 21st century conflicts over
Federal control and influence
on state/local powers
- drawing on zenophobia and
extreme applications of history
MAINSTREAM
MEDIA
HAPPY
ENDINGS

LEHRPLAN

"In der Didaktik von Johann Friedrich Herbart und seinen Schülern (den Herbartianern) sind die Formalstufen ein fundamentales Konzept.
Herbart analysierte den Lernprozess als eine Abfolge von Stufen:
0. Phase der Vertiefung
1. Klarheit über das Vorwissen schaffen
2. Assoziation = Aufnahme neuer Wissenselemente
3. Phase der Besinnung
4. Einbau der neuen Wissenselemente in das System des vorhandenen Wissens
5. Durch Einüben wird das neue Wissen als Methode anwendbar."


SUMMARY ACCOUNT: 21st CENTURY TENSIONS,ie WHO OWNS THE 2016 ELECTION?
DR. ALAN TAYLOR
Graduate Department of Education, University of Oxford, UK
- MA, Media Education, University of London
- Diploma, The London Film School
- BA, American Studies, University of Keele
- Dr. phil., Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz

UK- teacher, lecturer
EU- university guest lecturer
S. Africa - professor, senior lecturer, consultant (CHE)

2004-2015 BOOK AUTHOR
Peter Lang (Frankfurt-am-Main)

http://www.twitter.com/kinowords
USA BASICS
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
...THE PURSUIT

implications for education

- Context: the Knowledge Economy
- Constitution prevents Federal control over actual curriculum
- equity over equality
-
The 2014-15 FERGUSON BOARD OF EDUCATION VS Dr. McCOY
http://about.me/dr.alan.taylor
Reflections for Teaching and Learning
OUR FINAL CASE STUDY TEXT

How now would we analyse this sequence?

- representation
- discourse
- subtexts
- American Culture



2001-2014: NCLB - NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND
1. Federal Law
2. Stated aim: Raising quality of education delivery
3. State tests in English and Maths
4. Disaggregation (subgroups)
5. AYP (Proficiency)
5. By 2014 deadline
1. Testing regime skewers the curriculum - less arts, sciences, humanities
2. Education equated to high risk testing, only
3. Budgets, careers and school community linked to test outcomes
4. Choice: from public system to Charter Schools
5. Degegulation - the 'natural' benefits of the Free Market.
ACCOUNTABILITY AND CHOICE
AMERICAN YODAS UPDATES.
http://www.scoop.it/t/researching-film-and-media
FINAL WORDS...VOICING AGAINST UN-REASON.
"On November 2, 2013 Governor Chris Christie was asked by a public school teacher why he kept referring to NJ Schools as failures.

His response was to shout, yell and point his finger in the face of Melissa Tomlinson (Love Light), who is also a member of the Badass Teacher Association.

This is Melissa's response. So Governor Christie we all know you can yell but can you listen?"

STAND AND DELIVER (1998).

Based on the true story of high school math teacher Jaime Escalante, played by Edward James Olmos

CAMPBELL'S LAW
"The more any quantitative social indicator is used for social decision-making, the more subject it will be to distort and corrupt the social processes it is intended to monitor." 1975.

"In touring schools for Liam [elementary) it was an eye opener to see the state of public schools.

Many are so strapped for cash that the first lessons to go from the curriculum are the arts...fine art, drama and music, so they get reduced to once a month. Most are asking parents for money to fund the things they can't afford. Many of the older schools look like prisons.

Again efforts to beautify are coming from charitable donations. For the rich it's ok as they go private...but this has an adverse effect on "local" schools as a whole group of folks are now absent from the local school community. Charter schools are on the rise as parents lose faith in the system.

I was just in Costa Rica where we interviewed the ex president....they got rid of their military entirely and spend that money on education...clearly got their priorities right. The USA could benefit from even a partial approach. ..to be
smarter and not mightier...as after all the pen is mightier than the sword?"

E-mail correspondence from Steve Hardie, home and workbase Hollywood, California, Feb 2015
THE WALTON FAMILY FOUNDATION: 2007 Sample Charitable Investments
$82 million to charter school initiatives
$26 million to school choice programmes
$8 million to Brighter Choice Foundation
$21 million to Charter Fund Inc.
$3.9 million to KIPP Foundation
$1.6 million to Alliance for School Choice

From Ravitch, The Death and Life of the Great American School System, p.202
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: 2007 Sample
ADVOCACY Groups
2002: $276, 000
2005: $57.million

Charter Management Organizations
$57 million, New Schools Venture Fund (San Francisco)
$57 million, Communities Foundation of Texas, Dallas
$52 million, New Visions for Public Schools (NYC)
$41 million, KnowledgeWorks Foundation, Cincinnati
$37, 62 million, Jobs for the Future, Inc


From Ravitch, The Death and Life of the Great American School System, p. 210
"We invested more than $164 million in K-12 education in 2013."
TODAY'S AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
film-news-social media
confusions to clarify
debates to assess
fog to clear
TAXES, TEACHERS AND THEIR ''SHINY'' CLASSSROOMS
Based on Seminar Course, AMERICAN YODAS; John F. Kennedy Institute, Free University, Berlin
HAPPINESS and the PUBLIC SPHERE
the corporate media
entertainment and news ownerships
private corporations operating for profits as stewards of the public airwaves...
MARCH 2015 UPDATE ON NCLB/Common Tests
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/08/10-insane-numbers-ferguson-killing
FERGUSON; 2014-2015
"If the Prussian schoolmaster has better methods of teaching reading, writing, grammar, geography, arithmetic, &co., so that, in half the time, he produces greater and better results, surely we may copy his modes of teaching these elements without adopting his notions o fpassive obedience to government, or of blind adherence to the articles of a church. By the ordinance of nature, the human faculties are substantially the same all over the world, and hence the best means for their development and growth inone place, must be substantially the best for their development and growth everywhere... 1. During, all this time, I never saw a teacher hearing a lesson of any kind (excepting a reading or spelling lesson), with a book in his hand
2. I never saw a teacher sitting while hearing a recitation.
3. Though I saw hundreds of schools, and thousands, — I think I may say,within bounds, tens of thousands of pupils, — never saw one child undergoing punishment,o r arraigned for misconduct. I never saw one child in tears» from halting been punished, or from fear of being punished." HORACE MANN, in Henry Barnard, (1854, Hartford).
HORACE MANN 1843

England (London), Scotland, Hamburg, Magdeburg, Berlin, Potsdam, Leipzig, Saxon Switzerland, Frankfurt, Heidelberg, Baden-Baden, Utrecht, Leyden, Haarlem, Amsterdam, Paris, and Ireland.
MEDIA: from context to the wonders of the intertextual message
1. Media is commercial based on profit motive
2. Election messages must compete for for advertising space
3. Messages therefore must be emphatic
4. Debate turns to argument, claim and offence
5. Public discourse suffers
6. Media giants profit

From 1955: OUR GUIDING FRAME OF REFERENCE AND THE CASE FOR MEDIA LITERACY
"In practice, Democratic states move toward a condition of partial tyranny to the extent that the channels of expression are not equally available to all factions in important public issues. Thus we see democracy being threatened by the enormous "policy making" mass media that exert great rhetorical pressure upon their readers without at the same time teaching how to discount such devices; and nothing less than the very thorough training in the discounting of rhetorical persuasiveness can make a citizenry truly free."

KENNETH BURKE. Linguistic Approaches to the Problem of Education, 1955.
OPENINGS

REPRESENTING AMERICAN CULTURE
OUR FIRST CASE STUDY EXAMPLE
2014


"The more any quantitative social indicator is used for social decision-making, the more subject it will be to distort and corrupt the social processes it is intended to monitor." 1975.
Full transcript