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Globalization!

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Natassja Pietsch

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Globalization!

Globalization!
Globalization!
How the world is interconnected and interdependent!
4 Factors!
Family, Heritage,language and religion!
4 Forces!
Communication technology, international trade, transportation,media!
Dimensions!
Social, environmental, political, economical!
Pluralistic Society!
A society that accepts everyone's different ethnic backgrounds, religion and political views.
Transnational
Operating nationally; example, Coca Cola
Collective Identity!
An individuals sense of belonging to a specific group (there collective)
Minority Group!
A group of people who have the same interests, for example religion
Hybridization
Mixing two different things to make something new
Individual Identity!
one persons identity

Official Bilingualism
Two official languages in certain places, example in Canada has French and English.
Traditions
The way certain cultures spend holidays, communicate, spend time, etc.
Universalization of pop culture
When something gets popular all over the world, this happens mostly with music.
A period of time where new manufacturing transitioned
Industrial Revolution
Comparative Advantage:
the ability of a party to produce a particular good or service at a lower marginal and opportunity cost over another
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development:
A multidisciplinary international body made up of 30 member countries, that offer a structure for governments to consult and co-operate with each other
MERCOSUR:
the common market of the south is an agreement amongst a few countries
CAN:
Canwest Global communication, one of the largest canadian or industry
Nationalize:
The common market of the south is an agreement amongst a few countries
Common Market:
A group of countries imposing few or no duties on trade with one another
European Union:
An economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe
IBRD:
International Bank for Reconstruction and development; an international financial institution which offers loans to middle- income developing countries
IDA:
International Development Association; an institution which offers loans to poor developments
HIPC's
Heavily Interbedted Poor Countries; international meeting on high performance computing, serves as a forum to present work by researchers from around the world
Austerity Programs:
A program of economic controls aimed at reducing current consumption to improve the national economy
Trade Liberalization:
A process that involves counties in reducing or removing trade barriers
Crown Corporations:
Any corporation that is established and regulated by a countries state or government
Deregulation:
The act of freeing from regulation
Privatization:
The selling of a public service, such as electricity delivery or health care, to a private company
Outsourcing:
A business strategy that involves reducing costs by using suppliers of products and services in countries where labor is cheaper and government regulation may be less cheaper
Brelton Woods Agreement:
First example of a fully negotiated monetary order to government monetary relations among independent nations
International Monetary System:
Sets of international agreed rules, they provide means of payment acceptable between, buyers a sellers of different nations
Tariff:
A tax on imports and exports, international
Fixed Exchange Rate:
To maintain a countries currency value, ties it to the price of gold or other countries currency
Gold Standard:
A monetary system where the economic unit is based on fixed quantity of gold
Float Exchange Rate:
Where currency value is allowed to fluctuate according to the foreign exchange market
World Bank:
an international financial institution provides loans to developing countries for capital programs
WIO:
Group ensuring that the terms of trade agreements are followed settles trade dispute between governments and conducts trade negotiations
NAFTA:
Largest free trade zone at all time
TA:
Largest free trade area of all the world
GATT:
Multiracial agreements regulating international trade
Friedrich Hayek:
An Australian economist & philosopher known for his defense of classical liberalism
Milton Friedman:
An American economist, statistician and writer
Recession:
A business cycle/ slow down in economic activity
International Monetary Fund:
Organization of 188 countries. Working to foster global monetary cooperation secure financhial stability, facilitate international trade promote high employment and sustainable economic growth and reduce poverty around the world
Centrally Planned Economy:
An economic system in which economic decisions are made by the state or government rater then by the interaction between consumer and business
Market Economy:
which is allocation
GDP:
The total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year
G8:
The counties of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the united states, representative for these countries meet to discuss economic concerns
Canadian International Development:
CIDA; The administering of foreign aid
Subsidiaries:
A company controlled by holding companies
Human Capital:
The skill, knowledge and experience possessed by an individual or population, viewed in terms of their value or cost to an organization or country
Capital Intensive Production:
A high ratio of capital to labor and other resources used in the production process
Labor Intensive Production:
A high ratio of labor to capital and other resources used in the production process
Intermodal Transportation:
Transportation movement involving more than one mode e.g. rail motor
Deforestation:
The process of clotting and cleaning large areas of trees
Urbanization:
An increase in population in cities and towns versus rural areas
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries:
A group of 11 petroleum exporting countries, which are heavily reliant on oil revenues as their main source of income
Stewardship:
Taking care of your own country
Sustainability:
The property of being sustainable
National Energy Policy:
An energy policy of the government of Canada
Genuine Progress Indicator:
A metric that has been suggested to replace or supplement gross domestic products
To what extent does globalization affect quality of life?
It affects everyone, everywhere because globalization is all around the world. It effects how we live and who we are as people.
What factors could you consider when comparing globalization's effects on quality of life?
family relation
language
interests
religion
beliefs
How are human rights, democratization and globalization related?
There related because they all involve
How do collective identities express who they are?
When your young your first collective is your family but it expands over time. Other examples would be a group of friends, sports team, classroom or clubs.
How are identities connected through globalization?
The worlds citizens are becoming more interconnected from;
cellphones
internet
social media
technologies
How is identity affected by some economic, political, environmental and social dimensions of globalization?
Economic Dimensions:
cheap because of large scale production use of chemicals for higher yields, low wages for workers, transnationals who open the transportation and transport to markets cheaply
Political Dimensions:
Europe giving preferential treatment to former colonies in the form of reduced tariffs sparked a trade conflict with the large transnational companies. The transnationals got the WT involved citing injustices of inequality in trade
Social Dimensions:
Low wages for workers and unsafe working conditions,. Workers are not trained on save handling of pesticides. Toilet facilities are not provided. Complaining workers are blacklisted, fired and sometimes attacked by thugs.
Environmental Dimensions:
Environment is permanently affected, notable the rainforest environment that is cut down. Also one variety is favorited over another, workers, the water system, the wild life
How do some forces of globalization present to identity?
Homogenization: When differences amongst people become erased and people become more similar
Acculturation: Culture changes that happen who two cultures adapt to one anothers world view
Accommodation: Accepting one another in customs, tradition, languages, values, etc.
Assimilation: Acculturation and Accomidation may lead to this. The culture and identity of one group disappears to take over anothers identity of there group

How do some forces of globalization provide opportunities to promote identity?
Globalization can lead to assimilation and homogenization of cultures. Globalization can also provide opportunities for affirming and promoting cultural identity. The Metis have revittalized their culture and so have the Indigenous Bolivians of South America
How is diversity influenced by the media and communications technologies?
Diversity can influence young people a lot because they are exposed to media; radio, internet, t.v. These can influence a young person because they act to what they see on these kinds of media.
How is identity affected by media coverage of world events?
When all people around the world know about a current event, it connects everyone. This means you and some one across the world knows the same thing as you.
How is diversity affected by the dominance of American media?
In American media they want everyone to be the same and "perfect". When young people see these images, they want to be just like them and will do whatever it takes to be like them.
How people affirm and promote their language in a globalizing world?
Globalization has gotten rid of languages while it has exposed it. People know of different languages because it is taught in schools and lots of languages have been destroyed over years of globalization.
Assimilation:
Acculturation and accommodation may lead to assimilation may lead to assimilation
Why and how did globalization begin?
Globalization all started because of trade mostly from, things like the "Silk road" and Christopher Columbus from around 325 BCE to Columbus, 1492
How did the foundations of historical globalization affect people?
The spread of ideas and new technologies affected people because people were able to act freely. Technologies such as; square sails, magnetic compas, astrolabe, maps and gunpowder.
How did the consequences of historical globalization affect people?
Cortez defeated the Aztec Empire and enslaved the native people. He also set up silver and gold mines, which the profits went into Spain. In North America they had a deal with the indigenous people (fur trade) then the europeans made a settlement for farming and settlement which ran out the indigenous people. Shortly after that culters started changing.
What are some legacies of historical globalization?
Between 1876 to 1914 the imperial powers of Britain, Germany, France, U.S., Japan and Russia expanded there global possessions. No one consulted the indigenous people and the only records was from oral history. Indigenous people were forced to give up there land to harvest rubber for King Leopold, even though the Congo control went to Belgian, indigenous people still struggled.
How has the exchange of goods and technologies affected people?
Many different foods from different cultures and places have been exposed to other cultures and that's why we have so much variety for food choices. These foods were exchanged in the silk road and passed on to now. Spanish people got around on horses, so this was introduced to the North Americans and improved transportation. India were the ones who came up with cotton and manufacturing it, with out this we wouldn't have he clothes were wearing right now.
How has historical globalization affected Indigenous peoples in Canada?
Assimilation was a big factor of this, Numbered Treaties, The Indian Act and Residential Schools are some big examples. Numbered Treaties was promises from Canada telling Indigenous people that they would be supplied with large pieces of land for free but when they got there they got a payment for sharing land. The Indian Act was were First Nations people were strictly controlled by the government and cultures were banned and certain ceremonies and traditions. Residential Schools started in 1880 and indigenous peoples children were taken away from them and were brought to a school. These schools were harsh and teachers were poorly trained.
Criticism of transnationals:
Provide low level jobs with little opportunity to advance.

Transportation:
Essential for the market. Need to move products to the marketplace for sale.
International Trade:
people trade with one another for goods that are not available in their own religion, for better quality or cheaper.
Communication Technology
A revolution in the way info flows started with personal devices such as cellphones, computers, cameras, etc. all in the 1970's
Political Dimensions
Europe giving preferential treatment to former colonies in the form of reduced tariffs sparked a trade conflict with large transtationals.
Environmental Dimensions:
environment is permanently affected, notable the rainforest environment that is cut down.
Social Dimensions:
Low wages for workers and unsafe working conditions. Workers are not trained on safe handling of pesticides
Homogenization:
When differences amongst people become erased and people become more and more similar.
Acculturation:
Culture changes that happen when two cultures adapt to each others world view.
Accommodation:
Accepting and creating space for one another in customs, traditions, technologies, values, beliefs and languages
The Digital Divide:
Is the difference between people who can afford a lot of technologies and the people who can not.
Differing Views:
A common language would reduce differences amongst people, promote greater understanding

Imperialism: One countries domination over another countries economic, political and cultural system.
Historical Globalization:
A period that is often identified as beginning in 1492, when Christopher Columbus made his first voyage to the Caribbean.
Mercantilism:
A policy followed by european imperial powers from the 16th to the 19th century
Capitalism:
An economic system that advocates free trade, competition and choice as a means of achieving prosperity
Ethnocentrism:
Is a way of thinking that centers on ones own worldview, race and culture
Legacy:
Something that has been passed on by those who lived in the past
Ethnocentrism:
the criteria juge other people and there culture.
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