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Transcript of FAS
FAS - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
pFAS - Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
ARND - Alcohol-Related Neuro-developmental Disorder
ARBD - Alcohol Related Birth Defect 300 000 Canadians (or 1:100) are affected. It is thoughts that this number is under estimated as FASD does go undiagnosed.
80% of the people that have FASD are not raised by their biological parents. This helps contribute to the lack of diagnosis as there is no pregnancy background
95% of people that have FASD also have a mental illness
60% have been charged with or convicted with a crime Common Myths 1.You can tell if someone has FASD by the way they look. 2.FASD only occurs when mothers binge drink or are alcoholics. Drinking in moderation won't cause FASD. 3.Behaviour is a choice. People with FASD just need to try harder! 4.FASD only affects children & adolescents. Adults don't have it. 5.FASD is an Aboriginal disease. All Aboriginals have FASD. 6.FASD is just the latest trendy disability FASD What is FASD Other Facts: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is a general term or umbrella used to describe a child's disabilities caused by their birth mother drinking while being pregnant. FASD is not a clinical diagnosis but a full range of disabilities. It has been linked to 60 disease conditions & disabilities.
FAS (Fetal Alcohol Disorder) was first introduced to our world in 1968 in medical literature by Lemoine from France and then reported in North American in 1973. From a study done the Top 10 challenges reported by teachers dealing with students with FASD is: 1. Hyperactivity
2. Short attention span
3. Erratic mood swings
4. Poor memory
5. Lack of social skills
6. Auditory/vocal processing
7. Visual sequencing
8. Lack of co-ordination
9. Poor retention of task instructions
10. Numeracy/mathematical difficulties 10 suggested ways to approach teaching students that had FASD 1. Calm learning environment
2. Small tasks (chunking)
3. Personal space with lots of support & praise
4. Visual structuring
5. Role play
6. Short, key word information instructions
7. Visual clarity & graphics (graphic organizer)
8. Frequent & short time to get up & move
9. Extra time for tasks
10. Multisensory learning - giving messages in different ways This is 100% preventable
There will never be a cure just education to help live with it and hopefully help prevent it
There is no safe level of alcohol while pregnant
It can not be inherited
Known a lot of the time as the invisible disorder because it shows up as behavior and learning problems References - With the help of the student create problem solving strategies
- Create a contract identifying what is & is not acceptable
- Implement a home-school communication book for:
- Behaviour issues
- Clear homework, projects, & tests expectations
- Offer choices in tasks & tests
- Clear & concise
- Repetition & rewording
- Breakdown into small steps
- First ____, then ____
- Modify tasks
- Safety plan (aggression issues) - Graphic Organizers /check lists
- Frequent check-in for understanding
- Encourage note taking/ sticky notes/highlighters
- Use of technology (iPads, computers, calculators)
- Use concrete pictures, models, & hands on materials
- REPETITION (at home & at school) - Calm learning environment
- Preferential seating, close to teacher
- Cool down area
- Speak privately with student regularly
- Provide anger reduction tools (stress balls, doodle pad)
- Post clear rules & routines around the room
- Use of anchor charts
- Provide alternative seating
- Visual timer
- Visual & refer to daily schedule Assessment - Give advance notice of tests & assignments
- Provide assessment options
- Provide alternative location to write tests
- Chunk tests & assignments
- Provide supervised breaks
- Provide extra time
- Reduce quantity of test and assignments
- Graphic organizer for tests
- Timers Group Discussion Please watch the next video and post at least one thing that you have learned about FASD. With that new knowledge how will that affect the way you teach or deal with students with FASD. Just a few ideas: Carpenter, B. (2011). Pedagogically bereft! Improving learning outcomes for children wit foetal alcohol spectrum disorders. British Journal of Special Education , 38, 37-44.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved May 22, 2013, from NSLC: http://www.mynslc.com/Content_CommunicationsPages/Content_CorporateResponsibility/Content_SocialResponsibility/Responsible%20Consumption/FASD.aspx
JohnHoward Societ of Ontario. (2010). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and the Criminal Justice System: A Poor Fit. Retrieved May 22, 2013, from JohnHoward: http://www.johnhoward.on.ca/pdfs/FactSheet_26_FASD_and_the_Criminal_Justice_System.pdf
Light Triad. (2007). The Invisible Children and Families of FASD part 2. Retrieved May 22, 2013, from YouTube:
Malicious, S. (2008). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Retrieved May 22, 2013, from YouTube:
OTF. (n.d.). Teaching Strategies for Students with Special Needs. Retrieved May 22, 2013, from Teachers' Gateway to Special Education: http://www.teachspeced.ca/?q=node/3#dmpc False. There is only a small window, week 3 of being pregnant, when alcohol is shown to affect the facial features. Since brain development is the entire pregnancy most of the affects of drinking while pregnant is not visible hence the "invisible disability". FALSE. There is no safe time or amount to drink during pragnency. It is shown that the amount of drinking, timing during pregnancy, level of blood alcohol levels, and genetics all affect the child's outcome. It is important for us to teach people that having no drinks at all during pregnancy is the only guarantee to prevent FASD. False. Healthy adults can choice their own behviour and follow our societal norms but this is not true for people that have FASD. Due to the brain damage they are unable to control their behaviour. False. Most of the resources, research and information are directed to those under 18 however, FASD is permanent, and as such means adults will and do have FASD. Adults have greater challenges to face and less resources to assist them since behaviour becomes less acceptable with age. False. Any child whose mother drank alcohol while pregnant can be exposed to FASD. It can affect all races, ages, cultures, classes, genders, & sexualities. False. Though FASD has been around for a while it is only recently that we are able to see the enormous prevalence of this development delay. It has often been misdiagnosed as Oppositional Defiance Disorder, ADHD, and LD. With a high percentage not living with biological families the pregnancy history may not have been known making it hard to diagnose properly Group Discussion Students with FASD can have challenges themselves in the classroom and be the challenge in the classroom. If you have dealt with a student with FASD what did you do that was successful and where did you feel that you needed help?
Please read classmates comments and provide any thoughts and feedback on their experiences.
This is a great place to look for ideas & provide thoughts on things to try.