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Storytelling across cultures

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marie gebbia

on 13 November 2010

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Transcript of Storytelling across cultures

Storytelling In Native Cultures by Marie Gebbia My familiarity with Storytelling? childhood grandparents Why share this occupation? History of storytelling in this country compared to other countries History meaning & value Occupational Areas Social Participation Leisure Education Storytelling is as old as civilization.
Told for the purpose of:
Entertaining
Communicate important lessons
Education Why is storytelling an important occupation? Communicate important Life Lessons:
Morals
Traditions, Values, and Beliefs Where is it done? & How often?
the Industrialized World Native Cultures: Equipment, materials or supplies needed? When are stories told and for how long? With whom? Between two people
Within a group setting
Includes adults & children Comes in many forms and holds great meaning and value for the people that participate. Honoring all life
Honor the earth
Creation stories
Instructions on:
living,
child rearing,
friendship and love,
hunting routes,
bird migrations,
family lineage
Prophecies Formal: Chief’s court & during rituals and ceremonies.
Informal: told anywhere & any time.

“Talk story,”
the act of sharing history, ideas, opinions, and the events of the day with other people at any time and in any place, including the workplace. The storyteller could use various instruments or dress in tradtional garments depending on the occasion and the formality of the event. “In an extraordinary age of information and documentation, the rich details of people, places, and events stand out best when they’re put together as a story. There’s a reason why families, communities, and cultures in every country pass their stories along from generation to generation. Stories help us to retain our history, to attach to the human experience, and, most of all, to remember.”
Peace Corps http://www.peacecorps.gov/wws/enewsletter/archives/jan09.html interactions with Family, Friend / Peer, Community activities that we do in between our obligatory committments activities needed for learning and participating in the environment Why do we tell stories? Entertainment
Before people invented writing, stories were told for enjoyment Why is storytelling an important occupation? Educate Why is storytelling an important occupation? Native American leader
Charles L. Tailfeathers
of the Blackfoot/Cree tribe “Keepers of Wisdom” Storytelling is a universal means of communicating How we should or should not behave. Native Alaskan cultural traditions, values, and beliefs. Morals Stories don’t tell the moral because each story means something different to everyone who hears it. Native American Pass on information about:
history, science, government, and politics.
Make sense of the events.
Explain things in nature.
Explain a practice or belief. Native American Native Hawaiian Native Alaskan stories help their children learn how to learn Stories explain why and how certain local plants and animals came to be Children were expected to listen and take away lessons they could use. A comparison between... storytelling is transforming with the rise of technology Video
Internet
Mass-Market Books
Radio
New media
Mass media Native Hawaiian Alaskan natives may travel from region to region Ceremonies and Rituals Native American
Songs are sung in great cycles, containing over 100 songs for a specific ritual.
Stories can take many days to be shared How? Storytelling has a unique, dynamic interaction between the teller and the listener. Native American — audience behavior Native Alaskan — audience behavior Native Hawaiian — audience behavior Children should:
Listen quietly
Do NOT ask questions
NEVER interrupting the storyteller.

Adults, also do not interrupt or correct a storyteller.
Show appreciation & attention

The “FRAME”
Storytellers introduce themselves & establish their right to tell the story. Formal and sacred settings demanded complete quiet.
Less formal settings allowed for more interaction between the storyteller and listeners.
Listeners might respond with facial expressions
They might make sounds with their voices to show approval. Sit in a circle with everyone at the same height so that no one is in the lead or in a higher position.
The storyteller also was given some leeway to make their own interpretation of the story.
Most stories kept the theme — Man must live in harmony with the physical and spiritual universe.
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