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Thyroid Cancer

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by

Briana Metzgar

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of Thyroid Cancer

How Thyroid Cancer can be detected
Symptoms:
Lump or swelling in neck.
Pain in neck and sometimes ears.
Trouble swallowing.
Trouble breathing or constant wheezing.
Frequent cough that is not related to a cold.
Outlook of Patients
References
Location
Thyroid — a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck
Thyroid Cancer- Spreading
The stage is based on the size of the nodule and whether the cancer has invaded nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body.
Thyroid cancer spreads most often to nearby tissues in the neck or to lymph nodes.
Cause
The result of cells that uncontrollably grow and do not die.
Briana Metzgar
Courtney Kasturiarachi
Pd: 10/11

Treatment
Surgery -
common surgeries include:

Thyroidectomy
- the surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland. During this operation, the surgeon may also remove the lymph nodes in the neck.

Lobectomy (hemithyroidectomy)
- the surgical removal of a lobe (one of the wings of the thyroid gland).

Tracheostomy
- making an incision on the front of the neck and opening a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (windpipe), allowing the patient to breathe.
Affects on the Body
It affects the thyroid glad which produces hormones for the body to function normally.
Spreads to nearby tissues, lymph nodes, nodules, lungs and bones and affects their functions.
Cells do not experience programmatic death and instead continue to grow and divide.
American Cancer Society. (2012, Dec.). Thyroid
Cancer. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003144-pdf.pdf
American Society of Clinical Oncology. (2011, April).
The Genetics of Thyroid Cancer. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.net/all-about-cancer/genetics/genetics-thyroid-cancer
Butterfly Thyroid Cancer Trust. (2012, Sept.). Thyroid
Cancer Patient Stories. Retrieved from
http://www.youtube.com/
Spreading continued...
It may also spread to the lungs and bones.
If thyroid cancer spreads to the lungs, the cancer cells in the lungs are actually thyroid cancer cells.
The disease is metastatic thyroid cancer, not lung cancer.
How Many People are Affected/ Deaths
Detection continued....
If you have a lump in your neck that could be thyroid cancer, your doctor may do a biopsy of your thyroid gland to check for cancer cells.
Outlook of Patients
60,220 new cases of thyroid cancer in 2013
45,310 women
14,910 men
1,850 deaths from thyroid cancer
1,040 women
810 men
Stage 5-Year Relative Survival Rate
I near 100%
II near 100%
III 93%
IV 51%
As of 1999
Most People that are diagnosed with Thyroid cancer, are diagnosed in the early stages and eventually make a full recovery.
Genes Linked to Thyroid Cancer
Organizations and Foundations
Thyroid Cancer
Butterfly Thyroid Cancer Trust
ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, Inc.
Light of Life Foundation
American Thyroid Association
References Continued.....
Mayo Clinic. (2011, April). Thyroid Cancer. Retrieved
from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/thyroid-cancer/DS00492
Nordqvist, Christian. (2010, Jan.). What is Thyroid
Cancer? What Causes Thyroid Cancer? Medical News Today. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/175590.php
Most thyroid cancers are considered sporadic, meaning that the damage to the genes occurred after birth and there is no risk of it passing through the bloodline genetically.
Inherited thyroid cancer are less than 10 % common and occur when gene mutations are passed down through generations.
Full transcript