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Titanium

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Lauren Overly

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Titanium

Titanium By Lauren Overly Ti 22 47.87 Atomic Number This shows how many electrons
and protons are in each atom. Type Depending on the periodic
table you're looking at, the type
of element might be shown
through a picture. Here, you can see
that titanium is a solid. Symbol The symbol of an element is generally a one to two letter abbreviation for that particular element. The symbol for titanium is Ti. Atomic Mass The atomic mass is how much the element's atom
weighs. The nucleus takes up the majority of the
atom's mass. Compounds of Titanium Titanium dihydride: TiH2
Titanium difluoride: TiF2
Titanium trifluoride: TiF3
Titanium tetrafluoride: TiF4
Titanium dichloride: TiCl2
Titanium trichloride: TiCl3
Titanium tetrachloride: TiCl4
Titanium tribromide: TiBr3
Titanium tetrabromide : TiBr4
Titanium diiodide: TiI2
Titanium triiodide: TiI3
Titanium tetraiodide: TiI4 Titanium oxide: TiO
Titanium dioxide: TiO2
Dititanium trioxide: Ti2O3
Trititanium pentoxide: Ti3O5
Titanium sulphide: TiS
Titanium disulphide: TiS2
Dititanium trisulphide: Ti2S3
Titanium nitride: TiN
Titanium hexacarbonyl: Ti(CO)6 Common Isotopes Ti-39
Ti-40
Ti-41
Ti-42
Ti-43
Ti-44
Ti-45
Ti-46
Ti-47
Ti-48 Ti-49
Ti-50
Ti-51
Ti-52
Ti-53
Ti-54
Ti-55
Ti-56
Ti-57 Atomic Model of Titanium Titanium Uses What is the Social/Environmental Impact? Extraction and Sustainability Titanium can be found in Australia, Scandanavia, Malaysia, North America. It can also be found in the sun and in meteorites. Titanium is not just "there" in nature where you can access it super easily, but traces of it are found in different materials. These include rutile, sphene, ilmenite, titanate, quite a few iron ores, and more.

Titanium is extracted by using the Kroll process:
1. Extraction
2. Purification
3. Sponge production
4. Alloy Creation
5. Forming and shaping
There are a lot of steps involved in making titanium. Because of this, titanium is expensive to produce as it has to go through that series of steps. This also uses up a lot of energy. However, the extraction process is pretty environmentally friendly.

Countries such as the United States and China are currently fighting over the rare earth metal of titanium, especially for aircrafts as titanium is lightweight yet strong. Titanium is currently a crucial part to today's society and needs to be sustained until something better is found. Physical Changes Chemical Changes -Usually a shiny dark-gray in color

-However, when titanium is pure, it is a silvery white metallic color.

- It is a hard metal.

- Lightweight but has a lot of strength -Titanium is the only element that burns in nitrogen.

-There is no reaction when titanium is in contact with most acids.

-Very resistent to corrosion

-Titanium is ductile when it is heated

-It is malleable when it is heated Titanium is
a metal. Period and Group Period: 4
Group: 4, a transition metal -The titanium oxide pigment is the main reason why titanium is so popular.

-95% of the titanium we use is titanium oxide.

-It is whitish in color

- It is used in paints, coatings, plastics, paper, inks, fibres (thread), food, makeup, food coloring, toothpaste, sunscreen, computers, and much more. - Used in implants that last about 30 years and replacements that last about 20 years. This is a dental implant. - Titanium is used in the making of engines and airplanes -Titanium is also used in permanent paint. One example of this is in solar observatories because the titanium in the paint will reflect heat. Why is Titanium even used? Among just some reasons, Titanium...

-Can handle severe temperatures

-It's light but extremely strong

-Titanium does not corrode easily. Titanium is used in
different alloys. - It is used to make ships in places that are exposed to to fresh and salt water. Titanium Oxide Cost of
Titanium Pure titanium is $661 for 100 grams. Fun Facts About Titanium -It took 119 years after titanium's discovery to figure out how to make pure titanium

-25 tons of titanium is produced a year

-Titanium is so good against corrosion that if it was in seawater for 4000 years it would only get to be as thin as a sheet of paper

-Titanium is the 9th most plentiful metal in the earth's crust. The Discovery of Titanium - William Gregor found this black sand that was magnetic

- After some testing around, he found out that he had discovered a new element

- He then went back to his religious life

- Klaproth rediscovered it and he was the one that named it titanium

-1956 - the world realized that titanium is a great material and they started using it all the time

named after the titans Who: William Gregor Where: On a beach in Cornwall, England How: When Gregor was observing mechanite, he found this black sand that was magnetic. After some testing around, he found out that he had discovered a new element, titanium. When: 1791 About William Gregor -English mineralogist and clergyman
-Lived from December 25, 1761 - June 11, 1817
-He was born in Trewarthenick, England
-He attended Cambridge University
- One day in 1791, William Gregor found black, magnetic sand.
- After some testing around, he found out that he had discovered a new element, titanium
-Once he discovered titanium, he announced his results.
-In 1793, Gregor realized that he wanted to be an active member of church, so he became the rector of the creed. -Martin Heinrich Klaproth rediscovered the element in 1795, and in 1910, Matthew A. Hunter successfully created pure titanium. Where Titanium
is Found, Titanium is a non-toxic element. It can, however, be a fire hazard in its powdered form. One could tell from taking a look at just some of titanium's uses that it is used in our everyday lives. A byproduct that is made by extracting titanium is magnesium chloride. However, this is not bad, as it is recycled. The magnesium and chlorine are separated. They are then used to make more titanium. One item that titanium is used in are computers. When individuals get to the point where they want to throw their old computers away, some of them may not realize that they could be recycling them. The computers that are thrown away are bad for the environment as the different chemicals get into the environment around them and the alloy just sits there. Here's a link to see what you should do with your old computers: http://videos.howstuffworks.com/planet-green/37291-g-word-computer-recycling-video.htm THE
END
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