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Native American People in Michigan

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Jenna Gormley

on 1 February 2015

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Transcript of Native American People in Michigan

The Council of Three Fires
Main group known as the ALGONIQUAN Peoples-
Anishnabi (Chippewa, Ojibwe)
Territory included Michigan and Canada as well as some surrounding states
Other tribes
Wyandot (Huron)
Fox and Sauk
Hunters and Farmers
Thank you!
Learning Goal:
I can:
describe major tribes of Michigan
explain how their culture has impacted the history of Michigan
Native American People in Michigan

The Council of Three Fires
Using the Land and other Resources
4000 BC begins the Old Copper Culture- use copper for tools, weapons, fish hooks, etc

Introduce fur trading to Etienne Brule in 1622
Ancestors of the Hopewell Mound Indians
Arrived as early as 14,000 BC
in the Ohio River Valley

Impact of Europeans
First European: Frenchmen Etienne Brule and French missionaries- live in peace with the Natives

Europeans brought many disease Natives were not immune to
During 1700s, 2/3s of native population died
Forced Natives to sign treaties
Would not go easily- Ponitac's Rebellion; seige of Fort Detroit; capture of Forts St. Joseph and Michillmackinac
1819 Treaty of Saginaw cedes 6 million acres of Michigan land
Here first but not citizens?
1969- Federal law finally declares all Native Americans citizens of the United States

1979- Federal law grants Native Americans the freedom of religion through the American Indian Religious Freedom Act
Full transcript