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Bloom & Bandura

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Kellie Yoh

on 4 May 2010

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Transcript of Bloom & Bandura

Cognitive Domain-
mental skills Affective Domain-
growth in feeling/
emotional areas Psychomotor Domain-
physical skills Bloom (1956) involves knowledge and the development of intellectual skills
Including recall or recognition of specific facts, procedural patterns, and concepts that serve in the development of intellectual abilities and skills The manner in which we deal with things emotionally
Examples: feelings, values, appreciation, enthusiaism, motivation, & attitude
Five Categories from most simple to complex behavior:
receiving phenomena
responding to phenomena
valuing
organization
internalizing values
physical movement
coordination
use of motor skill areas Seven Major Categories:
perception
set
guided response
mechanism
complex overt response
adaptation
origination
People learn from one another
Observation
Imitation
Modeling Bridge between behaviorist and cognitive learning theory
Attention
Memory
Motivation Reciprocal Determintation
-The world and a person's behavior cause one another
-Behavior causes environment
Later to include PERSONALiTY
-Environment , behavior, and one's psychological processes (ability to entertain images in minds and language)
Most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling
attention
retention
reproduction
motivation "Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do."....Bandura Aggression
Learned through modeling that is reinforced (reduction in tension, financial gain, praise, or building self esteem)
Biggest reinforcer-family members
Family & media need to produce a positive role in order to control aggression
Criminology, TV commercials Ben jamin Bloom & Albert Bandura Learning Theory Social Learning Theory Bandura's Background:
Born 1925 in Mundare, Canada
1952 Ph.D. University of Iowa
1953 Stanford Psychology Professor
Father of Cognitive theory
Published most famous book- Social Learning Theory
Bloom's Background:
Born in 1913 (-1999), Lansford, Pennsylvania
1935 Ph.D. University of Chicago
Educational Psychology Professor at University of Chicago
Developed a system to classify the goals of the educational process using educational objectives Anderson and Krathwohl (2001) revised Blooms Taxonomy to fit a more outcome focused objectives, nouns to verbs Educational objectives organized according to cognitive complexity, allowing examiners a more reliable procedure for assessing student outcomes Fundamentals:
interested in thinking and its development-specifically what students were thinking about while teachers were teaching
what students experienced is ultimately what matters
All are deserving of an education-help everyone achieve their highest potential
"what any person can learn, all can learn"
'Taxomony of Educational Objectives, Handbook 1: Cognitive Domain'
Bloom, Engelhart, Furst, HIll, Krathwohl, 1956
'Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Handbook 2: Affective Domain'
Krathwohl, Bloom, Masia, 1964 Each level builds on another and must be mastered before progressing to the next Dave, Simpson, and Harrow have all suggested detail for the Psychomotor domain Assisted in creation of Head Start Program-early experiences at home have great impact on later learning Bloom-
Environment can be arranged to promote learning Vital Elements:
Clearly specify what is to be learned and evaluation method, assess progress and give student feedback/remediation
Allow students to learn at their own pace (education is NOT a race)
No comparison of students when the goal is to learn the objective
Test final learning criterions to be achieved-Moe about learning than a grade
Bandura-
Children are trained to be aggressive Home Life Significant The Taxonomy:
First discussed at 1948 APA convention of 34 college examiners
Initially sent out to 1000 educators for critique
In 1986, Honorary President Lin Fu Nian of the East China Normal University in Shanghai has one million copies translated to English and distributed throughout China
International dissemination was done by Bloom, often referred to as Bloom's Taxonomy Taxonomy Breakdown:
Bloom- Knowledge & Evaluation
Englehart- Comprehension
Krathwohl- Application
Hill- Analyisis
Furst- Synthesis
Other Bandura Concepts:
Behavior Modification-self control therapy (smoking), modeling therapy (herpephobes)
Self Regulation
Self Concept
Self efficacy
APA Bloom-Developed Taxonomy with colleagues at 1948 convention Bandura- APA president in 1973 Self Image
"To be physically (and legally) imprisoned for 10 to 12 years and to receive negative classification repeatedly for this time period must have major detrimental effect on personality and character development"-Ben Bloom Bandura:
Self concept
Self efficacy Physicality Bloom- Psychomotor Domain
Bandura- Modeling
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