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Vistas 6.3 Preterite tense of regular verbs

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Oscar Madrigal

on 28 August 2017

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Transcript of Vistas 6.3 Preterite tense of regular verbs

6.3 Preterite Tense of Regular Verbs
Talking about the past tense in Spanish
Spanish has two ways of expressing the past tense. The preterite (a.k.a. simple past tense) and the imperfect. In Spanish 2, you will learn about the imperfect. Today, we will focus on verbs in the simple past tense with regular conjugations. Irregulars will be studied later this semester.
Conjugations
-CAR, -GAR, -ZAR
VERBS
Verbs that end with -car, -gar, -zar have a spelling change in the preterite yo form.
Buscar- yo busqué
Llegar- yo llegué
Empezar- yo empecé
Trigger words
When using these expressions make sure to conjugate the verb in the preterite:

anoche, anteayer, de repente, hasta, desde, pasado/a, el año pasado, una vez, la semana pasada, dos veces, ya

How the preterite works
The preterite expresses past actions in Spanish with an OBVIOUS start and endpoint; which means the speaker gives a specific time frame to when the action was done in the past.
Contrast
Present tense: Todos los días YO CAMINO a la casa de mi amigo Juan.

Preterite: Ayer, YO CAMINé a la casa de mi amigo Juan.

Yesterday, I WALKED to my friend Juan's house.


Other spelling changes


creer

creí
creíste
creyó
creímos
creyeron

AR VERBS
Hablar
yo hablé
tú hablaste
él/ella/ud. habló
nosotros hablamos
ellos/ellas/uds. hablaron
ER and IR VERBS follow the same pattern
Comer & Vivir
yo comí viví
tú comiste viviste
él/ella/ud. comió vivió
nosotros comimos vivimos
ellos/ellas/uds. comieron vivieron

Side notes:
with AR, ER, AND IR verbs notice that the yo and third person singular have accent marks, these used to stress pronunciation while speaking. Also, with AR the nosotros form is identical to the present tense.

Lastly, verbs with stem changes in the present tense DO NOT carry these changes to the past tense:

CERRAR-to close (e-ie)
Hoy, la tienda CIERRA a las seis.
Today the store closes at six.

Anoche, la tienda CERRó a las cinco.
Last night, the store closed at five.

JUGAR-to play (u:ue)
Ella JUEGA al futbol con mi hermano en el parque.
She plays soccer with my brother in the park.

La semana pasada, JUGó al futbol con mi prima.
Last week, she played soccer with my cousin.


leer

leí
leíste
leyó
leímos
leyeron
oír


oíste
oyó
oímos
oyeron
Ver is an irregular in the preterite:
yo vi
tú viste
él/ella/ud. vio
nosotros vimos
ellos/ellas/uds. vieron
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