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Othello: Act 5

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Ronwen Anne G. De Guia

on 27 March 2015

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Transcript of Othello: Act 5

Irony
Iago’s soliloquy is a perfect example of dramatic irony
"Whether he kill Cassion, or Cassio him, Every way makes my gain:"
Dramatic irony- audience knows something about a character that
other characters don’t have knowledge of.
Iago talks to himself,
involving his true intentions/
plans.
He considers
Roderigo and Cassio as nuisance.
It further
shows his selfishness and his dangerous vengeance.
Othello believes in Iago instead of his own wife. (
believes in other people than his own wife.
)
He even opens up more to Emelia than Desdemona.
The audience is already aware that
this behavior is uncalled for
, it is through the manipulations of Iago that Othello starts doubting his wife.
“O thou Othello, that were once so good, Fall’n in the practice of a damned slave,”

Othello's Pride
Othello seems to be
Iago’s puppet
Othello is
as much a victim of Iago's evil as Desdemona is
of Othello's wrath; Evil of Iago - to plot the demise of Othello - is worse.
Othello
allows himself to be manipulated.
Rash display of
Othello’s pride and hubris
almost mirrors Oedipus Rex.
Characterizations of both run almost parallel.
Oedipus’s pride =
more powerful than the gods
, and the controller of his own destiny.
Othello’s pride stemmed from a more organic source;
his pride causes him to be paranoid of others
.
Iago
Iago’s villainy is at its peak in Act 5.
He manipulates Roderigo into his scheme.
“I have no great devotion to the deed, and yet he hath given me satisfying reasons.”
He betrays Cassio by slashing his leg.
Then he betrays Roderigo and literally stabs him in the back.
These are some examples that show Iago’s character. But he also qualifies under the criteria of a villain:
1. he enjoys it and feels no guilt
2. he does it for personal gain     
3. he is smart and brave
4. he is blinded by ambition
Question: Why is he doing this? What drives him?
“Wife for wife”
Desdemona
Cassio’s promotion
Jealousy - “If Cassio do remain, He hath a daily beauty in his life that makes me ugly”
All these causes drive him to put his revenge into action, and he is blinded by reputation and honor.

Blindness
Kills Desdemona →
Unstable mental state
There were signs of blindness from the start of the play
Fell for
Iago’s trap
Believes Iago is an
“honest man”
Imagery/Simile
“Yet I’ll not shed her blood, nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow and smooth as monumental alabaster. Yet she must die, else she’ll betray more men. Put out the light, and then put out the light.”
Othello is
blinded by three things:
Love
Jealousy stemmed from this love
Hubris

Desdemona
A strong
woman
that matched her outward appearance.
Leads the other characters to
take advantage of her
Ignorant
to how the world works (submissive)
Connect to Jane Eyre’s Helen Burns
Both women who were
blameless
, even till their death and didn't blame others for their misfortune.
Defends Othello
; her love for him is so strong
Othello calls her a whore after assuming that she has been unfaithful to him
Does not force him to believe her
“A guiltless death I die… Nobody. I myself. Farewell. Commend me to my kind lord. Oh, farewell!”
Brave to sustain herself and still stand for the truth.
Shows her capability and her strength
Her love for him is
unmoving as shown by her unwillingness

Emilia
Emilia was able to
develop the conclusion with the truth
in Act 5.
Iago tries to control her
Shows
her independence and loyalty
to both Desdemona and to the truth.
"All, all, cry shame against me, yet I'll speak", "I will not." to Iago
A way for her to
clear her Desdemona’s name
, even if it cost her own life as well.
Iago kills Emilia because
he felt betrayed
.
She betrayed him for the greater good.
Iago's violence toward her is more graphic and terrible than the smothering of Desdemona,
showing his full villainy.
Her dying words, clearing Desdemona of infidelity,
drive Othello to his self-inflicted death.
Purpose of
Act 5
Shakespeare’s primary purpose in Act 5 of his play, Othello, is to
show the corrosive and delirium inducing effects that jealousy and pride can have
on the mightiest of people.
Othello, the Moor of Venice
: Act 5

Overview
Act 5 is the climax of the play,
and all the betrayals and downfalls take place. In scene 1, Cassio and Roderigo fight according to Iago’s plans, and Iago betray them both. In scene 2, Othello kills Desdemona without hearing an explanation, only to realize that she is innocent, finding out after her death. In this same scene, Iago kills his wife, Emilia, and his identity as the villain is finally truly revealed. Then, Othello, horrified, kills himself, to escape his inevitable fate as a prisoner in Venice, but not before delivering one final speech. Iago is left for torture.
-CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.6
Analyze a case in which grasping a point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement).
-CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.1
Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.
-CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.11-12.2
Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to produce a complex account; provide an objective summary of the text.
Common Core Standards
by Carolyn Kwak, Jean Rim, Daniel Bang, Ronwen De Guia, Uldarico Angeles
Othello's Final Soliloquy
Othello’s final soliloquy is
crucial
- Othello’s characterization as
Iago’s simple puppet to a tragic character
Othello underwent several changes, from the suave, calm, noble and
controlled Moor to a violent, bloodthirsty man - highlighting the play’s major theme of jealousy.
Othello’s pride leads to his downfall - almost a summary of events as he has fallen from grace
"I took by the throat the circumcised dog / And smote him-thus"

Othello’s feeling of
separation and isolation
from the state of Venice. He dies a murderer and an outcast.
In the end, he describes himself as no better than
“a turbaned Turk”
and takes his own life with the blade he
used to kill other Turks.
A turk is the common enemy of all Christendom, to refer to anyone lacking in judgment, morals and character.
Othello seems very
preoccupied with how people will think of him
after he is gone.
Scene II. A bedchamber in the castle.
Scene I. Cyprus. A street.
Full transcript