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Woman Suffrage Movement

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Ben Teeple

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of Woman Suffrage Movement

Woman Suffrage Movement Background Equality is Won Beginning of Prejudices-
Industrial Revolution- Men began to work in factories; Women meant to stay home in "the cult of domesticity"
Women's role devalued and considered inferior to husband
Seen as emotionally and physically weak
Treated like slaves-Could not vote/Could be legally beaten by husband/Could not hold property
Women still believed to have integrity and moral standards
Purpose was to care for children, teach them proper behavior as a citizen, take care of the home, and take care of the family
Many women glorified this age of the home but others desired equality outside of the household Reform Movement Begins Woman began to push for freedom and self-interest in mid-19th century
Many women avoided marriage to stress individual liberty
1848-First Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, NY
Spearheaded by:Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Created the "Declaration of Sentiments"-Outlined grievances and set the agenda of the women's rights movement
Wanted equal treatment of men and women and the right to vote
1850-First National Women's Right Movement held in Worcester, Massachusetts
National conventions are held annually until 1860
Protests had begun! Leading Women Elizabeth Cady Stanton-Quickly became a leader and was first to advocate woman suffrage
Susan B. Anthony-Fierce leader and lecturer of women's rights; So famous that all progressive women named "Suzy B's"
Lucretia Mott-Quaker minister/Abolitionist,Religious Reformer, Women's rights activist
Lucy Stone-Leader of protest groups/Retained maiden name in marriage
Elizabeth Blackwell-Leader of women equality/First female to graduate medical college
Alice Paul-Quaker;Became a key voice in finally getting the 19th Amendment passed for woman suffrage
Lucy Burns-Led protests;Influential in the passage of the 19th Amendment Other Notable Women Margaret Fuller-Edited transcendentalist journal-"The Dial"
Amelia Bloomer-Demanded right to wear what she desires-Trousers ("Bloomers") and a short skirt Emergence of Two Groups Two groups were formed to protest for woman rights:
May 1869-Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Candy Stanton form National Woman Suffrage Association-Wanted voting rights for women by Congressional amendment to Constitution-More radical protests
November 1869-Lucy Stone, Elizabeth Blackwell, and her husband, Henry Blackwell, form American Woman Suffrage Association-Wanted voting rights by amendment to state constitutions-More conservative and proper protests
1890-Groups merged to form National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)-Wanted voting rights by individual state constitution amendments December 10, 1869-Wyoming passes first woman suffrage law
1893-Colorado is the first to amend its own state constitution granting woman suffrage
Fifteen states follow Colorado
1913-Alice Paul and Lucy Burns form Congressional Union/National Woman's Party to work toward the passage of a federal amendment granting woman suffrage
Practiced civil disobedience-Picket at the White House
Very important group for final passage of the 19th Amendment
1919-The federal woman suffrage amendment is passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is now sent to the states for ratification
August 26, 1920-The 19th Amendment, granting woman suffrage, is signed into law Importance of Woman Suffrage Movement Affect on Society Today Women have the same rights as men
Women can now vote and play a fundamental part in the shaping of this country
Political office candidates now will attempt to receive women's votes and bend to their will
Women now have the opportunity to work in jobs outside of the home
Equality between men and women has been reached
America is becoming the land of equality and freedom Impact of Woman Suffrage Movement Women started to be viewed as more powerful and with more respect
Overcame inferiority to win their right to vote
"Cult of Domesticity" broken; Women now work outside of household
Women played a key role working in the factory in the following years and in WWI and WWII
Women now heavily influence the political process and presidential campaign Gender equality has improved but not fully won
Success of movement enabled women to fiercely protest against discrimination today
Equality fight continues for four main subjects:
Access to Health Care, Abortion Rights, Equal Pay, and ending Domestic Violence
Success of woman suffrage movement led to positives for women that remain today, such as:
Taking jobs outside of home
Playing a part in the election of our leaders
Allowing to own property
Individuality and equality won enables single mothers to raise families without a husband
Affect in the election of our leaders and creation of laws:
Women favor Democratic Party and support certain aspects of this party that have shaped today's laws:
A higher income tax and educational and welfare spending
Programs that protect against certain risks in life, such as a divorce
Today's leaders must support women's interests to win elections
Without women, Republicans would have won every presidential race between 1968 and 2004
With equality won, women not only vote for desires, but also run for and win political offices themselves
Ex: Previous Secretary of State-Hilary Clinton; Previous Speaker of the House-Nancy Pelosi Over the next half-century those in these groups protested nationwide
Both men and women protested
A common protest was picketing throughout the states demanding equal rights
Another common protest was a hunger strike
Susan B. Anthony even attempted to vote herself, but was arrested
Many protestors were arrested and died in jail Protests
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