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Cry The Beloved Country (Alan Paton)
Transcript of Cry The Beloved Country (Alan Paton)
Reconciliation between Fathers and sons.
Forgiveness between brothers and sisters.
Reconciliation and forgiveness between Kumalo and Jarvis.
The Several Process of Change in the Minds of Different Characters
Reconstruction of the Natives Tribes
One day an agricultural demonstrator comes; he was sent and is paid by James Jarvis. He helps them to increase the crop yield by using modern techniques and with the money of James Jarvis he and other people build a dam to have plenty of water in dry periods. So James Jarvis learned a lot of his son's ideas and helped the black people a lot. Furthermore he does not feel any hatred against Kumalo.
At the end of the novel Kumalo's son is dead and he could not restore his family but he feels hope for the future: with the help of persons like James Jarvis the natives will stay in the country and in their tribe.
The Destruction of African Values: "The Broken Tribe"
The theme of the ‘broken tribe’ is identified as the main problem of the black community. It seems that hunger and poverty could be dealt with, if only the old tribal structures, which kept the community together, would still exist. The problem is first mentioned when Kumalo has arrived in the the Mission House in Sophiatown and talks to the Anglican priests who receive him there. They talk of “the sickness of the land, of the broken tribe and the broken house, of young men and young girls that went away and forgot their customs, and lived loose and idle lifes”
At the beginning it is said that many of the natives are leaving the land because they have lost their basic contact with it. Only old men and women are left in the dry valley. The younger have left for the city, a place which will be developed as being something evil; therefore, one of the great needs is to restore the tribe but first the family has to be restored.
But finally Kumalo, Absalom's girlfriend and Gertrude's son travel home. Back at his home a small boy comes to visit Kumalo. The boy is the grandson of James Jarvis, he is on holidays here and wants to learn Zulu from Kumalo. He wants to know everything and so Kumalo tells him that there is so little milk that the babies have to die. Next day there are cans of milk at the church, James Jarvis brought them and so the babies can stay alive.
Arthur Jarvis fought for the black people. He is a man of good will and he was one of the men who are the bridges between the two races.
For them, forgiveness forges a path to reconciliation.
A Phrase to think about it...
"Forgiveness," Lewis B. Smedes has written, "is love's revolution against life's unfairness. When we forgive, we ignore the normal laws that strap us to the natural law of getting even and, by the alchemy of love, we release ourselves from our painful pasts."