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Transcript of Nation Building
Multiracial rules severely divided the majority of Latin American countries.
Penninsulares, Creoles, Mestizos, Mulattos, blacks, Amerindian
Vast economic, political, and social disparity grew among the classes.
Two percent of the population hold economic and political power, under the mercantilism economy of the crown.
Latin American Hierarchy
N - E - M - O !
Nationalism & Religion
Enlightenment ideas (Creoles)
Mercantilism (Spain & Portugal)
Other Revolts (American Revolution)
By 1824, the majority of Latin America had gained independence.
Monroe Doctrine, 1823, "sphere of influence"
Wars for independence had extreme affects.
National Boundaries: Where are they?
Environmental barriers made reunification difficult.
Church vs. State: Liberals & conservatives
Old economy and disparity continues.
Elites still hold the power.
Race and social hierarchy remained.
Nation Building: Problems of the 19th Century
Countries spread political, economic and social control through diplomacy and military force.
What are some imperial countries you remember from previous lessons?
By the eighteenth century, Spain and Portugal controlled the majority of Latin America.
Latin American Nationalism Leads to Revolution
Change in Latin America
Economic growth from exportation of raw materials.
Social class emerges from the prosperity of the economy and gain voting rights.
cities, education, and industrialization
Political power comes more directly from large landowners
elites still barred voters in Argentina and Chile.
Hero of Peasants: Emilio Zapata
Nation Building: foreign influence
New republican governments were soon overtaken by caudillos.
Supported by elites
Antonio Lopez Y Santa Anna was the caudillo of Mexico from 1829-1855
He misused state funds, halted reforms, created chaos and helped lose one third of Mexico’s land to the U.S.A.
Historical Context: how does the previously discussed history of Latin America affect the process of nation building?
Cuba is a protectorate of the U.S. after 1898.
U.S. annexed Puerto Rico 1898.
In 1908, the U.S. supported a rebellion that enabled Panama to separate from Colombia.
Zapata seized estates of wealthy landowners.
Between 1910- 1920, the revolution damaged Mexican economy.
1917 constitution enacted
created land- reform policies,
established limits on foreign investors agenda to help the workers.
The revolution also led to outpouring of patriotism.
** Q&A **
** Q&A **
** Q&A **
Objective: Students understand major aspects of nation building and its relationship to contemporary Latin America
10.10. Students analyze instances of nation-building in the contemporary world
10.10.3. Discuss the important trends in the regions today and whether they appear to serve the cause of individual freedom and democracy
Nation Building - The creation of a new nation, especially a newly independent nation; the encouragement of social or cultural cohesion within a nation.
Contemporary Latin America: Then and Now
What do we know about Latin America today?
Complete the political, social, and economic chart.
Has this region achieved freedom and democracy?
(In your opinion) Remember to support your answer with facts!
How do components of nation building interact and affect contemporary Latin America?