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Geography: Weather and Climate
Transcript of Geography: Weather and Climate
6A Geography Weather and Climate Weather describes the current condition of a region, such as a storm or temperature, while climate is based on averages over multiple years, such as average rainfall or average temperature.
Weather mean conditions sich as air temperature, rain, snow, wind, or other atmosphere phenomena on a particular day. Climate describes what kind of weather a particular location is likely to have either seasonally or annually.
weather changes everyday. climate describes day to day patterns at a specific location for a certain amount of time. Method to Best Explain Relationship: Some winds bring moisture, heat, or cold with them from the direction it was blown from which changes the temperature. These high and low temperatures create atmospheric pressure. Sometimes they also assist in pushing storms in the same direction they're blowing. Does the Wind Affect Climate? Elevation
Altitude What influences the different locations of the various types of climate? Climate affects population. Ex. if the climate is warm and has fertile soil, the more people will live there; likewise if the climate is cold and the soil is barren less people will live there. However land can also be irrigated and can modify the land to fit their needs. What role does climate play in movement & HEI? Weather Climate Wind patterns
Latitude, Elevation, Altitude
Surface of the Earth (Sunlight reflecting or absorbing)
Geography (mountains, lakes, etc.)
Tilt of the Earth/Orbit Bodies of Water
Weather Fronts (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr Relationship Among These Factors "While weather refers to the natural events happening in the atmosphere each day, including temperature and rainfall, climate encompasses the average pattern of weather in a specific region over multiple years." Factors of Weather and Climate What are currents? What kind are there? What Makes the Wind? Polar Easterlies
Geo strophic wind
Mountains/Valley breezes Gulf Stream
trade winds Westerlies There are General winds and Ocean currents. Currents are forces of motion that move in definite directions Convection - The air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Due to Earth's rotation, the flow of air is deflected to the right in the North Hemisphere and to the left in the South Hemisphere. Caused by convection What is another name for the combination of movement and HEI? Another name for the combination of movement and HEI is history. What Geographical Factors Affect Wind? Landforms like mountains aid air in rising and cooling because they sever as sort of ramps/containers for the wind currents. Bodies of water affect wind by regulating temperature. For example, when warm air over land rises, the cold air from the water rushes to fill the gap. In a wide open area or plain, wind speeds generally will be higher; whereas in a crowded area, the wind speeds have more obstacles preventing their flow. Precipitation is what makes up climate. Frontal Orthographic Convectional Precipitation is when water falls from the sky? Different kinds of Precipitation What do we call these different climates and their location? Regions Topography