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Drug Summary

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by

Stephanie Carlton

on 27 March 2016

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Transcript of Drug Summary

Classification Summary
Depressants
(body slows down)
Alcohol
GHB
Marijuana

*Heroin

Bath Salts (4-6 hours)

Caffeine and Alcohol
Heroin (4-6 hours)
Classification: Depressant or Opioid
Schedule I Drug
Meth (12-20 hours)
Stress Management Techniques
Driving Under the Influence

1/3 of all traffic deaths among driver or non-occupant youths
ages 15-20 are alcohol related.

Refuse to take a breathalyzer?
$500 fine and license revoked

DWAI
(Driving While Ability Impaired)
BAC = .05<.08

DWI
(Driving While Intoxicated)
BAC = .08+

Zero Tolerance Law:
If a person is under 21 years of age
and has a BAC of .02-.07
(Why not 0?)

BAC = Blood Alcohol Concentration


Drug Summary
Naloxone Injection: Opioid Antagonist
"The Second Chance Drug"
Classification: Stimulant
Schedule II Drug
http://www.methproject.org/
Abusing Caffeine
#1 Drug Abused in the WORLD
*Dizziness, fainting, heart palpitations, caffeine poisoning, headaches,
fatigue, diminished concentration, anxiety, insomnia, shaking, nausea,
and high blood pressure*

Mixing "energy drinks" with alcohol:
*Cardiac Arrest: "Upper and Downer"
*Allowing users to drink more alcohol than they normally would and putting them at a greater risk for
alcohol poisoning
.
Stimulant and Depressant
Stimulants
(body speeds up)
Methamphetamine
Cocaine
Ecstasy
Nicotine
Hallucinogens
Acid (LSD)
Marijuana
Ecstasy
Other:
Anabolic Steroids: Other Compound
Inhalants: Other Compound
Heroin: Opioid (depressant)
Bath Salts: Synthetic
Classification:Synthetic
Schedule 1
Street names: Cloud Nine, Drone, Pure Ivory,White Lightning
http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/bath-salts

Bath Salts are always changing chemically. With each change, the drug becomes more violent and effects become impossible to predict.

How is it used?
Ingested by sniffing/snorting. They can also be taken orally, smoked, or put into a solution and injected into veins.

Short-term effects: Very severe paranoia that can sometimes cause users to harm themselves or others., suicidal thoughts, agitation, combative/violent behavior, confusion, hallucinations/psychosis, increased heart rate, hypertension, chest pain, death or serious injury.

The speed of onset is 15 minutes, while the length of the high from these drugs is 4-6 hours.

Long-term effects:
Unknown
What's the Schedule?
DEA
=
D
rug
E
nforcement
A
gency
Substances are placed in their respective schedules based on:
1. Currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States
2. Their relative abuse potential
3. Likelihood of causing dependence when abused
Schedule I
- Substances have no currently accepted medical a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and a
high
potential for abuse.
Schedule V
- Substances have a low potential for abuse and consist primarily of preparations
containing limited quantities of certain narcotics.
Alcohol & Tobacco
Not a Scheduled Substance...
http://www.dmv.org/ny-new-york/automotive-law/dui.php#New-York-DWI-Defined
Gateway Drugs
1. Alcohol
2. Inhalants
3. Marijuana
4. Nicotine
Tolerance: is when a user has to increase the amount of drug they use to experience the same high as the previous doses

Withdrawal: is a reaction the body can have if a person suddenly stops using drugs or alcohol. Symptoms may include body aches, mood swings, depression, tremors, sweating, and fatigue.

Addiction: is when an individual finds it hard to stop using tobacco despite the knowledge about the health hazards of tobacco use.
E-Cigarettes

Invented in 1960s
"Battery operated nicotine inhalers"
containing e-liquid:
chemical propylene glycol along with nicotine, flavoring and other additives
Are they healthier?
Are they cheaper?
Are they more popular?

Kits: $30-$100
Replacement cartridges $600 (compared to $1000+ for regular cigarettes)
Unregulated. Unsure.
A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study found nearly 1.8 million young people had tried e-cigarettes and the number of U.S. middle and high school students e-smokers
doubled
between 2011 and 2012.
Crack
Cocaine
CNS = Central Nervous System
5+ drinks
in about
2 hours

4+ drinks
in about
2 hours
http://time.com/35726/these-photos-show-how-heroin-cocaine-and-oxycodone-change-your-appearance-over-time/
Prescription Drugs: The New Gateway Drug
Stimulant/Hallucinogen
Other Information:

"Trap Dooring" - injecting heroin over a scabbed over wound

Collapsed veins - users will inject between toes/fingers

Krokodil
http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/heroin
http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/methamphetamine
What drug is made using these products?
Crack is to Cocaine as Espresso is to Coffee
http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/cocainecrack
Schedule II Drug - Stimulant
Pharm Parties/Trail Mix Parties
I-STOP - Internet System for Tracking Over-Prescribing Act
******** Prescription Drug overdoses have surpassed Cocaine & Heroin overdoses combined***
FELONY
1. Possession of someone's prescription
2. Intentions of selling prescription drugs
Marijuana - Schedule I Drug
http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/marijuana
1960's: THC Levels = 1%
Today: THC Levels = 10-15%

Marijuana Today: Laced with heroin, cocaine, synthetics
http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/inhalants
Inhalants
Sudden Sniffing Syndrome - First, 10th, or 11,000th time
Zombie Drug - Superhuman strength,
dilated pupils (saucers)

No "quality control"
http://www.justice.gov/dea/druginfo/ds.shtml

Nicotine - the addictive drug in cigarettes
Stimulant -
*So why does it "calm" people down?
Think of how you feel when you crave food and can't have it. You may feel tense and angry. Once you get that food, you feel happy. Same goes for someone addicted to nicotine. They feel "relaxed" when the craving is satisfied.

*Addiction & the release of dopamine
Cirrhosis
:
scarring of the liver and poor liver function. It is the final phase of chronic liver disease.
http://www.clickondetroit.com/news/6-teens-hospitalized-cloud-9-drug/28214406
Nicotine
Full transcript