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Ancient Greece DBQ
Transcript of Ancient Greece DBQ
her allies even after the wars were over, making Athens
very wealthy and her allies poorer and weaker. Animosity from her former allies
contributed to the Peloponnesian War.
Athens became very wealthy after the Persian War and experienced peace, prosperity, art, achievement. Athens moved the treasury to her city-state and used
the treasury to fund her building projects and Golden Age. Background Information:
"Golden Age of Athens" OR the "Age of Pericles" (460 – 429 B.C. ) Document 1 A philosopher's view on life This quotation is from the philosopher Socrates, who lived in Athens from about 470 to about 399 B.C.E.
“The unexamined life is not worth living.”
What was Socrates suggesting about each person’s individual life in this quote? The Death of Socrates, Jacques-Louis David Athenian philosopher
Teacher of Aristotle
Believed in absolute standards for truth and justice
Encouraged constant questioning of accepted knowledge to discover truth 399 B.C.E. - Socrates brought to trial for "corrupting Athenian youth" and "neglecting the city's gods Socrates argued that his teachings helped people to
gain self-knowledge and enhance values, morality Condemned to forced suicide via poison Who was Socrates? Socratic method = ask a series of leading questions to deepen understanding, self-knowledge, and discover contradictions within one's own knowledge What outside information can you use? How does this document address the essay question? Document Question: “Since human reason is the most godlike part of human nature, a life guided by human
reason is superior to any other… For man, this is the life of reason, since the faculty of
reason is the distinguishing characteristic of human beings.”
Source: Aristotle, who lived in Greece from 384 to 322 B.C. Document Question: What did Aristotle believe about human nature? Background Information: Document 2 384 - 322 B.C.E.
Son of a physician
Student of Plato
Tutor of Alexander the Great
Opened own school, the Lyceum Beliefs:
Questioned nature of the world and accepted truths about human nature & knowledge
Believed that could discover all knowledge through logic/reason and observation
Basis of current scientific method Based on what Aristotle believed about human nature and knowledge, why would he believe the earth is the center of the universe? *Aristotle's model of the universe was the accepted model up until the time of Galileo in the 17th century C.E. Document 3 “Our plan of government favors the many instead of the few: that is why it is called a
democracy… As for social standing, advancement is open to everyone, according to
ability. While every citizen has an equal opportunity to serve the public, we reward our
most distinguished citizens by asking them to make our political decisions. Nor do we
discriminate against the poor. A man may serve his country no matter how low his
position on the social scale.”
Source: Pericles’ Funeral Oration, 430 B.C.
Golden Age of Athens:
460 – 429 B.C.
Athens became very wealthy after the Persian War and experienced peace, prosperity, art, achievement Pericles (494 -429 B.C.E) was a wise and skillful statesman who led Athens during her "Golden Age" Politics:
All male citizens, regardless of wealth or social class, took part in government
Direct Democracy – male citizens took direct part in
Considered useless if did not participate
Paid salaries to men who held public office = poor could hold office Architects and sculptors rebuilt the
Acropolis (destroyed by Persians)
Built new temples – created jobs for artisans and workers
Athens became cultural center of Greece
Thinkers, writers, artists made many contributions to the arts, literature, philosophy The government became more
democratic and the economy thrived Background Information: Document Question: 1.Why did Pericles favor a democratic government? 2. What were Pericles's expectations for his citizens in a government of this type? Document 4 Background Information: Hippocrates: 5th c. B.C.E
One of the most famous physicians of all time
Father of modern medicine
Created Hippocratic Oath, promise that physicians still take today to do no harm and to treat their patients to the best of their abilities “I will follow that [treatment] which, according to my ability and judgement, I will consider
for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is [harmful]. I will give no
deadly medicine to anyone if asked, nor suggest any such [advice]…
Source: Hippocratic Oath, Hippocrates lived from 460 to 377 B.C. What was Hippocrates, a doctor, promising to do? Document Question: Document 5 Background Information: Euclid (c. 300 B.C.E.):
Father of Geometry
Wrote Elements, mathematical textbook that influenced study of math & geometry up until the 20th century C.E. “Proposition 15, THEOREM: If two straight lines cut one another, the vertical, or
opposite, angles shall be equal."
Source: Elements, written by Euclid about 300 B.C. Based on the statement, what type of contributions did Euclid make through his
work? Document Question: How does this document answer the essay question? What background information can you use? How does this document answer the essay question? What outside information can you use? How does this answer the essay question? What outside information can you use? How does this document answer the essay question? What outside information can you use? Document 6 Document 7 Document 8 Background Information: Sophocles:497/6 - 409 B.C.E.:
Born a few years before Battle of Marathon
One of the most famous Greek tragic playwrights
Best known for the 3 Theban Plays: Oedipus, Rex; Antigone; Oedipus at Colonus
Plays focus on tragic figure who is brought down by
Tragic flaw = pride Antigone:
Third of the three Theban Plays
Tells the story of Antigone, daughter of Oedipus, who refuses to be servile and takes her own life, causing tragedy and death throughout Thebes. Greek Drama:
Developed from religious festivals for Dionysus, the god of wine and festivity. Tragedy = serious drama, with a tragic hero, a person who had a tragic flaw (a personality error which causes their downfall) Comedy = satires, poked fun of a subject (e.g. politics) Document Question: Creon: And you dared to over step these laws?
Antigone: For me, it was not Zeus who made that order. Nor do I think your orders
were so strong that you, a mortal man, could overrun the gods’ unwritten and unfailing
laws… I know I must die… but if I left my brother dead and un buried, I’d have cause to
grieve as now I grieve not.
Source: Exerpt from the play Antigone by Sophocles, 441 B.C. What Greek values are expressed in this play? How does this document answer the essay question? What outside information can you use? Background Information: Classical Architecture Doric columns = columns fluted, no base, more common Ionic = columns are more vertical with a base, found on Asia Minor and Greek islands Corinth = more decorative columns, Hellenistic Greek ideals of perfection, balance, simplicity seen in their architecture
Every piece of the building had a purpose. Parthenon:
Made of marble = very costly
Athens funded through treasury of Delian League Parthenon, temple in Athens Greece Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C. Document Question How have specific features of the Parthenon influenced Western civilization? How does this document answer the question? What outside information can you use? Document Question Background Information Source: Myron’s famous marble sculpture of The Discus Thrower (Diskobolus)
represents an Olympic event. What does this statue reveal about Greek ideas about art? How did the Olympics influence later civilizations? Greeks valued the perfection of the human body Humanism = focus on the glory of the human person; theme in Greek philosophy, art, mythology Olympics = pan-Hellenic event in which city-states competed for athletic supremacy
Discus throwing was an event in the Olympics How does this document answer the essay question? What outside information can you use? Historical Context:
Many roots of western civilization can be traced back to the ancient
Greeks. They made long lasting contributions in the areas of art,
architecture, philosophy, math, drama and science.
Task: Use the information from the documents and your knowledge of
global history, answer the questions that follow each document in
Part A. Your answers to the questions will help you write the Part B
essay in which you will be asked to:
• Discuss the political contributions of Ancient Greece.
• Discuss the cultural contributions of Ancient Greece.