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FR 150 Timeline
Transcript of FR 150 Timeline
Roman conquest of Gaul, occurres (Roman/Gallic War). This affects language and creates rivalries.
51 BCE Vercingetorix
Vercingetorix loses the battle against Augustus Caesar and is executed in Rome in 46 BCE. He is the hero of the Gauls and the hero of France.
Execution of Vercingetorix, the hero of Gaul. 1066 CE
William of Normandy “the conqueror” invades and takes over England. Thus causing French and English cultures to influence each other. The Norman conquest lasts for 300 years.
Andreas Capellanus, the author of “The Art of Courtly Love”, published in 1185 subjects love as an idea based on religion, rather than the later idea of libertarianism in the Grande Siécle 1522-1560
Joachim Du Bellay publishes the poem “Les Regrets” in 1558, as well as La Defense et Illustration de la langue Francoise in 1549. He is a member of a group of poets who defend the French language called La Pléiade. 1660: Louis XIV, also known as the Sun King, takes the throne. He restylizes France, making it the center of haute couture and haute cuisine. Based of off Versailles, he transforms the entire country, and France becomes known for its glamour, luxury, and elegance. Paris becomes the most desired tourist location. This legacy continues and contributes to France's reputation today. 386 BCE
Gaul’s come to Rome, sack the city, and capture the Citadel. This leaves Romans with an image of Northern people as a terrible threat.
Caesar becomes ruler and wages war, administers justice and executes many. At this time, Gaul was Caesar’s consulate province, and he extends Roman power to England. He also creates a census in Rome. 1715: Louis XIV dies, and Louis XV takes the throne.
1758: Jean-Francois Bastide publishes La Petite Maison. The movement of libertinage is spread throughout France. This is the first time convention is disregarded, and people place less emphasis on moral conduct.
1769: Napoleon I is born. He will later become the first emperor of France. 1774: Louis XV dies, and Louis XVI takes the throne. Marie Antoinette becomes Queen. Louis XVI is a weak and indecisive ruler. After years of built up tension among the people, this weakness combined with the lavish spending of both Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette sparks the immediate cause of the Revolution.
1789: French Revolution (July 14th). This was a period of social and political turmoil in France. Traditional principles of monarchy were overthrown by the ideas of liberty and equality. After years of rebellion, upheaval, and bloody chaos, the Revolution resulted in France's first Republic. 1793-1799: Reign of Terror. This was another period of truly bloody chaos and violence, caused by civil political conflicts between the Jacobins and the Girondins. Under the orders of Maximilien Robespierre, the guillotine was used mercilessly, resulting in over 16,500 deaths, excluding those involving other execution methods. This finally put an end to the revolutions and created France's first Republic.
1799: Start of 1st Republic. This is the first time France is not under the political authority of a monarchy.
1804: Haitian Revolution ends (may or may not include this part bc already have it up there ^^) 1804-1814: 1st Empire led by Napoleon I
1814-1830: Restoration = monarchy, headed by king again
1825-1895: Charles Worth (might not be important)
1830: July Revolution
1831: Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame is published.
June 1832: The king tries to claim the revolutionist Lamarque as his own sparking the June Rebellion.
1830-1848: July Monarchy
1841: Victor Hugo is elected to the French Academy, "L'Académie française."
1848-1852: 2nd Republic
1852-1870: 2nd Empire
1852: Hugo slanders Napoleon III and is exiled until 1870
1854-1891: Arthur Rimbaud's life span.
1862: Victor Hugo's Les Misérables is published.
1870: Franco-Prussian War (important because it ended in French defeat -> partial cause of WWI) 1927: Albert Uderzo is born and later illustrates Asterix and Obelix.
1931: The International Colonial Exposition takes place in Paris, similar to the World's fair, except all the colonies of France set up pavilions. It marked the apogee of colonialism, and colonial powers lost control of their empires.
1936-1977: The life of René Goscinney, writer of Asterix and Obelix.
1939-1945: Span of WWII in Europe.
June 14th, 1940: Nazi occupation of Paris.
June 17th, 1940: Marks the beginning of the Vichy Régime.
June 18th, 1940: Charles De Gaule announces beginning of the French Resistance.
June 22nd, 1940: The Armistice is signed marking the end of French fighting the Nazis.
1941: Capellanus' The Art of Courtly Love is published in English.
1942: The song What Remains of Our Love? (Que reste-t-il de nos amours?)
music by Léo Chaullic and written by Charles Trenet, is sung. 1943: John-Paul Sartre illustrates The Flies and it becomes published.
1944-1956: GI Bill of RIghts
August 18th, 1944: A strike is declared against the Nazis.
August 25th, 1944: American forces enter Paris and march down the Champs- Elysées.
August 26th, 1944: Charles De Gaulle claims he liberated France, ignoring the help from the United States as he marched down the Champs-Elysées.
1999: Joan deJean publishes The Essence of Style
2000: David Sedaris', "Me talk Pretty One Day" and "Make that a Double" were published.
2005: Caroline Weber's article "Fashion" was published.
2006: The Essence of Style by Jean DeJean was published.
2006: Julia Child's My Life in France is published.
2007: La Vie en Rose is released in theaters.
2009: Julie and Julia was released in theaters. Middle Ages and Renaissance La Grande Siécle The Enlightenment Modernity Jamie Falcone, Kayler Gist, Maggie Ellingson