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Art History Review Chapter 1

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Madeline Cipro

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Art History Review Chapter 1

Prehistoric Art of Europe Pre-History: Before written documentation, Paleolithic Neolithic "old" "stone" "new" "stone" Lower Phase (oldest) Middle Phase Upper Phase (40,000-8,000 BCE) 8,000-2,300 BCE Bronze Age: 2,300-1,000 BCE Cro-Magna Men: Wore clothes & jewelry
Had beleifs; fetal position facing sun, red ochre found near bodies
Nomatic; hunter/gatherer, followed food
Lived in mammoth bone houses (game animal) Reconstruction of Mammoth-Bone houses Mezhirich, Ukraine
6,000-10,000 BCE Sculpture from the
Paleolithic Period Sculpture in the round Relief sculpture Woman from Willendorf Austria 22-21,000 bce Stylized head; symbol for something else fertility symbol attached to what it's carved from free standing Woman of Brassempouy France
30,000 bce Some facial features
Stylized hair Cave Art of Europe Spotted horses and Human Hands Pech-Merle cave, France 20,000 bce desire to mark territory
used over many occasions
hands added 1,000 years after horses
red fish added later than that Bison Altamira, Spain 12,500 bce Red ochre
paintings on top of natural
irregularities of rock Red ochre, brown ochre, yellow ochre, charcoal, cobalt blue Dating Relative dating Absolute dating Radiometric dating Chronological relationships of objects Span of years, when the material was on earth Carbon-14 dating, but part of the object must be destroyed a.k.a. Stone Age: weapons, tools,
and figurines carved from stone people adopt an agricultural way of life
humans build large dwelling structures Stonehenge "henge"- circle of stones or posts, often surrounded by a ditch with built up embarkments Salisbury Plain, England

8 courses of construction
rope & chords available as tools Megaliths- "huge" "stones" OVERVIEW: AFRICA ASIA AUSTRALIA Cave paintings
3D techniques used
carved into images bright colors
symbols & patterns
cave art passes down stories to new generations Orant: a worshiping figure (arms up) layered patterns and symbols
outlines Bison Le Tuc d' Audobert, France
13,000 bce
high relief sculpture Dolmen- tomb built with post and lintel Corbelling- building by layering rocks and creating pressure or tension Wattle and daub- walls with woven branches, covered in mud or clay Megalithic architecture- ceremonial and tomb structures using large rocks Menhirs- upright stones
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