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Section 17.1: Italy - Birthplace of the Renaissance
Transcript of Section 17.1: Italy - Birthplace of the Renaissance
Effects of the plague
Looking to Greece & Rome
Wanted to return to the learning of the Greeks & Romans. Two ways:
1) Looked at the ruins of the Roman Empire around them for inspiration
2) Studied Latin documents
The Way out
Renaissance = revival/rebirth
Culture of classical Greece & Rome
Created something new
Classical & Worldly Values
Patron of the Arts
Focus on human achievements & potentials.
Studied Greek texts and writings.
Popularized the study of history, literature & philosophy.
The studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
"the college of arts and sciences"
-Separation of state & religion
-Religion & politics don't mix!
-Most people were Catholics
-But they were more concerned with the "here & now" not the spiritual
1. Financially supporting artists
2. Having their portraits painted
3. Donating art to the city (for example: public squares)
-Religious yet realistic
-Technique of perspective: 3D on a flat surface
-Michelangelo David. Sistine Chapel
-Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa. The Last Supper
-Raphael School of Athens
"The Divine Comedy"
2. Francesco Petrarch
Vernacular = native language
Wrote in Italian & Latin
One of the earliest humanists
Wrote poem to a mysterious woman named Laura.
Little is known about her except that she died in the plague
3. Giovanni Boccaccio
Stories told by a group of young people in a villa trying to avoid the plague
"In the year of Our Lord 1348 the deadly plague broke out in the great city of Florence, the most beautiful of Italian cities. Whether through the operation of the heavenly bodies or because of our own iniquities [sins], which just the wrath of God sought to correct, the plague had risen in the East some years before, causing the death of countless human beings.
It spread without stop from one place to another, until unfortunately, it swept over the West. Neither knowledge nor human foresight availed against it, though the city was cleansed of much filth by chosen officers in charge and sick persons were forbidden to enter it, while advice was broadcasted for the preservation of health"
-Giovanni Bioccaccio "Decameron"
4. Niccolo Machiavelli