Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.




Nicole Harbison

on 19 March 2018

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Comedy

Characters argue about ideas like politics, religion, marriage.
They use their wit, their clever language to mock their opponent in an argument.
This is a subtle way to satirize people and institutions like political parties, governments, churches, war, marriage.
The plot focuses on amorous intrigues among the upper classes. Often shows rituals or traditions that seem silly.
The dialogue focuses on witty language. Clever speech, insults and ‘put-downs’ are traded between characters.
Society is often made up of cliques that are exclusive with certain groups as the in-crowd, other groups ( the would-be-wits, desiring to be part of the witty crowd), and some( the witless) on the outside.
The plot is full of coincidences, mistiming's, mistaken identities. They are improbable situations.
Characters are puppets of fate—born to the wrong class, unable to marry, too poor, too rich, have loss of identity because of birth or fate or accident, or are (sometimes) twins separated , unaware of their double. Could not really happen.
Subjects of the humor are often exaggerated.
The extremes of humor range from exaggeration to understatement with a focus on the physical features like long noses, cross eyes, braces, and other deformities or odd features.
The physical actions revolve around slapstick, pratfalls, loud noises, physical mishaps, collisions—all part of the humor of man encountering an uncooperative universe.
COMEDY THEORY from Richard F. Taflinger, Ph.D.
Six elements are required for something to be humorous:
1. It must appeal to the intellect rather than the emotions
2. It must be mechanical (unadaptable, inflexible)
3. It must be inherently human, with the capability of reminding us of humanity;
4. There must be a set of established societal norms familiar to the audience
5. The situation, actions, and dialogue must be inconsistent or unsuitable to the surroundings
6. It must be perceived by the observer as harmless or painless to the participants
Satire—sarcasm, irony, or wit used to ridicule or mock
Direct satire is directly stated
Indirect satire is communicated through characters in a situation
Types of Satire
Juvenalian—bitter, angry attacking
Satirical Devices
Irony—the actual intent is expressed in words which carry the opposite meaning
A. Verbal Irony—simply an inversion of meaning
B. Dramatic Irony—when the words or acts of a character carry a meaning unperceived by himself but understood by the audience. The irony resides in the contrast between the meaning intended by the speaker and the added significance seen by others.
C. Situational Irony—Depends on a discrepancy between purpose and results . Example: a practical joke that backfires is situational irony.
Travesty—presents a serious (often religious) subject frivolously. It reduces everything to its lowest level. “Trans”=over, across “vestire”=to clothe
Burlesque—ridiculous exaggeration achieved through a variety of ways. STYLE is the essential quality in burlesque. A style ordinarily dignified may be used for nonsensical matters , etc.
Parody—a composition imitating or burlesquing another, usually serious, piece of work. Designed to ridicule in nonsensical fashion an original piece of work. Parody is in literature what the caricature and cartoon are in art.
Farce—exciting laughter through exaggerated, improbable situations.
Invective—harsh, abusive language directed against a person or cause. Invective is a vehicle, a tool of anger. Invective is the bitterest of all satire
Sarcasm—a sharply mocking or contemptuous remark. The term came from the Greek word “sarkazein” which means “to tear flesh.”
Knaves & Fools—in comedy there are no villains and no innocent victims. Instead, there are rogues (knaves) and suckers (fools). The knave exploits someone “asking for it”.
Malapropism—a deliberate mispronunciation of a name or term with the intent of being humorous.
"Forgive, O Lord, my little joke on Thee
And I’ll forgive Thy great big one on me."
Robert Frost
A Man said to the universe:
“Sir, I exist!”
“However, “ replied the universe,
“The fact has not created in me
A sense of obligation.”
Stephen Crane
By the time you swear you’re his,
Shivering and sighing
And he vows his passion is
Infinite, undying—
Lady, make a note of this;.
One of you is lying.
Dorothy Parker
Literalization, Reversal, Exaggeration
The Importance of Being Earnest
-debuted in London on February 14, 1895
-by Oscar Wilde
-Comedy of Manners and a Satire

a trivial comedy for serious people

The play's philosophy: "we should treat all the trivial things in life seriously, and all the serious things of life with sincere and studied triviality."
classical comedy:
begins in chaos
ends in knowledge, recognition, self-discovery
Well-made play:
complex and highly artificial plotting
a build-up of suspense
a climactic scene in which all problems are resolved
a happy ending
--papers-letters/ lost or stolen documents
--romantic conflicts
--secret information
--mistaken identities
--entire play builds to a final revelation

-questioning social hierarchies
-social ritual
-class distinction
-women, gender questions
-literature and art
Moleire says comedy rips off the mask.
Things to remember about ladders:
--They begin at the bottom.
--One must step on every rung to ascend to the top.
Laugh at implications of ideas
Laugh at words
Laugh at situations
Laugh at people
I Love Lucy
Three Stooges
The Tonight Show
Full transcript