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Online Education

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Alyson Welker

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of Online Education

Distance Learning
“Social Media presents a huge opportunity for schools, universities and other educational organizations to reach out and connect with students and prospective students.” –Jon Russell
Video #4: The eLearning Revolution
Through Various Platforms
in the 21st Century
Teaching & Learning Online
Social Media as an Online Educational Tool
History of Online Education
Online Education Platforms
Online Lecture Delivery Methods
The Sloan Survey of Online Learning defines the following terms:

Online Course:
are defined as those in which at least 80% of the course content is delivered online.

Massive open online course.

a course where 0-29% of course content is delivered online.

Hybrid Education:
A hybrid education combines the use of online coursework and materials with traditional in-class education. In hybrid courses, students can learn from teachers in a face-to-face setting as well as via the Internet.
Videos Lectures Types:
PowerPoints/Prezi Voice-Overs
In-class Lecture Recording
And more...
Increasingly, teachers are using social media to facilitate online learning through the use of:
posting videos
creating discussions
assigning group work
sharing projects
and more...

Changing Course:
Before we begin, it is helpful to understand the different types of online education discussed within this presentation.
Online learning platforms are continually being created and revised each year. The come with various features, options, and package prices.
Teachers are beginning to create a variety of video lecture styles to use within the online classroom and/or to flip the on-campus classroom.
Online education rates continue to grow
Facebook & Twitter
Online Education
Opinions on Quality of Online Education
Opinions and outcomes of online learning vary.
Creation of the MOOC
Video #5: Daphne Koller discusses, in her TED presentation, the motives behind starting Coursera in "What We're Learning from Online Education"

Daphne Koller, along with Andrew Ng, are the creators of Coursera, one of the first and most successful MOOC platforms. Their designs revolve around decades of research surrounding successful learning methods in combination with their humanitarian motives for creating a more equal and accessible education opportunities, specifically for developing countries.

This video has some great background, but some of the most interesting statistics can be found between minutes 3:22 through 6:26.
Massive Open Online Course
“There are two fundamental equalizers in life –
the Internet and education.”

- John Chambers, CEO of Cisco Systems (1999)
Computer-Mediated Communication
Synchronous Vs. Asynchronous
Computer Assisted Learning is introduced, but mostly in the workplace setting. These programs were used for training purposes.
--Online Education.org
The Computer Assisted Learning Center (CALCampus) came out with the first curriculum that was build entirely online (onlineeducation.org). Blackboard wasn't far behind, established in 1997 (Bradford et. al)
96% of
96% of traditional universities offer online courses ("History of Online Education").
As online education continues to improve in accessibility, costs, reach, retention, and success we can assume it will continue to evolve and change from year to year.

It will be interesting to see how this affects the current and traditional educational systems of our country and our world.
Bill Gates
“Five years from now on the Web for free you’ll be able to find the best lectures in the world. It will be better than any single university.”
- Bill Gates, chairman of Microsoft (2010)

Gates' prediction was right. What does this mean for the future of eduction?
Only time will tell...
Coursea, EdX, and Udacity were some of the first available platforms for MOOCS. The platform continues to expand as more companies and universities are collaborating.
Today, the definition of MOOC has evolved to encompass many types of online learning: free, tuition, for-credit, non-credit, certificate, etc. Some universities use MOOCs to advertise their classes, degrees and/or professors. Other universities create MOOCs to compete and challenge current courses, models, and materials. No matter the reason, MOOCs continue to provide educational materials to people around the word who may or may not have access to an education otherwise.
The Boston Globe's Scott Kirsner's article "Will MOOCs help you open career doors?" includes a variety of
employer perspectives
regarding applicants and current employees participating in MOOCs:
"Geoffrey Horwitz, who works in business development at Boston Children’s Hospital, says he is not in the job market either, but plans to eventually include courses he has taken on topics like drug discovery under an “Additional Courses” heading on LinkedIn.

Human resources executives and recruiters tell me they aren’t seeing significant numbers of candidates touting the MOOCs they’ve completed. But those who have seen mentions of MOOCs say it’s an indication of commitment to upgrading skills and knowledge.

At Massachusetts General Hospital, recruitment manager Megan Bradley says, 'I see these online courses as a form of professional development, like when people take adult ed courses. If a job requires a [specific] educational degree, these courses would not suffice.'

Bruce Allen of the Wakefield recruiting firm Point B Search says, 'Any initiative that candidates take to update their skill set, acquire new skills, or simply extend their knowledge base will be viewed as positive.'"

As online learning continues to rise, universities and employers are struggling to keep up. The numbers show a steady increase in the amount of students and companies participating in these online options; however, it is important to remember that success, retention, and learning outcomes do not factor into these equations.

Computer-mediated communication (CMC)
within online education is defined as any type of communication between students and/or teachers in regards to the course.
CMC enables discussions through networks or software at both a local and global reach.
Email, conferencing, or instant message are all forms of CMC that extend to private, group, or full course communication.

is defined by real-time communication (instant message).

is defined as communication sent and received to an inbox where the receiver is not necessarily online or expected to respond instantly (email).
"Neither voice nor text is better or worse. Similarly, neither asynchronous nor synchronous is a better modality. When faced with the choice about which to use, it is important to decide based on the qualities and strengths of the available modality and platform, as well as what needs to be accomplished."
-Beth Hewett "Preparing Educators"
The various modes of instructional delivery have an impact on the overall success of the course. The research seems to suggest that online education can be positive or negative depending on the modalities and technologies used to communicate the information in an online environment:
The Rise of Online Education
Tracking Ten Years of Online Education
Pearson Learning Solutions and the Babson Survey Group illustrate the online student and course growth rates.
Videos are used to help students work at their own pace; since they allow students to rewind, fast-forward, or watch over again (something the traditional lecture hall can't offer).
Various types of videos have been linked with better student retention/outcomes: animation and mixed-media; while others have had less success: voice-over PowerPoints (Dave Johnson, TILT).
Smart Learning
Canvas Instructure
eCollege is a Pearson company that collaborates with some of the textbooks they publish. It is a similar platform to Blackboard, except in my experience it works much better.
Blackboard, as you know, is one of the most popular platforms being used by universities across the nation. This platform could use some improvements, in my opinion.
Canvas Instructure is a new platform created by the University of Utah. This software links to social media such as Facebook and Twitter to let students know when a new announcement has been posted.
As you can see here, The University of Potomac's research concludes that online learners scored higher than their on-campus counter-parts by 9% on average. Results of retention, success, and learning outcomes depends upon any combination of the following factors:
1. the school
2. the online platform
3. the student
4. the curriculum
5. the instructor
Factors Influencing Success:
In 2012, online learning in the United States reached an important milestone: Parson and Babson Survey Research Group were able to determine that learning outcomes were deemed
(and in some cases better) that their on-campus counter-parts. After over a decade of doubt surrounding the effectiveness of online learning, this information was rather surprising to many administrators and educators. They could no longer ignore the growing success and interest in online education.
In this new platform, there are many differing opinions about the benefits of taking MOOCs in terms of obtaining and/or advancing in a job. It may take some time to determine how credible these courses are, and how heavily our society can rely on them in terms of viable credentials.
Bill Gates
Video #1
Video #2
Video #3
I could not get URLs to enter into the presentation without automatically turning them into the video. As a result, I took a screen shot of my references. However, all videos are linked to original location within the presentation.
By: Alyson Welker
Full transcript