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The House of the Spirits

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Halle Ewing

on 21 October 2015

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Transcript of The House of the Spirits

Machismo
-“Macho” means wisdom and leadership.
- A masculine-only term
-Macho men were to have bravery, courage and strength
-"Ser macho" (to be macho) was something all boys were to aspire to.
-oversexed, and overly aggressive.
The House of the Spirits
by: Halle Ewing, Charlotte Tippett, Kelsey Kraft, Lauren Firestone
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Julio Cortazar
Jorge Borges
Fourth Generation
Second Generation
Third Generation
First Generation
Marianismo
Importance of the Family:
Historical and Contextual

-Women's status as items of beauty are a major part of women's roles in society (Esteban’s perception of Clara and Rosa)
-The idea that women must live up to full feminine self.
-Direct connection to Catholicism; named after the Virgin Mary or "Maria"
-Women have to be a “saint” like the Virgin Mary, otherwise they are viewed as immoral by the whole town.
Nivea
Nana
Blanca
Transito Sito
Alba
Ana Diaz
•used elements of the fantastic
•combined reality and fantasy
Family
Development of Women over the Generations
Magical Realism
Machismo in HOTS
Caballerismo
•image of the dreamworld
•ironical or paradoxical version of reality
•struggled with the idea of passage of time
•showed how reality becomes actuality
-"Caballerismo" is a Latino understanding of manliness that focuses on honor and chivalry.
-Originates from Spanish word for horsemen—caballero.
-Chivalric masculine code of behavior
-The caballero referred to a land-owning colonial Spanish gentleman of high station who was master of estates and/or ranches.
Our Definition of Magical Realism
A movement in which stories are set in a normal, yet paradoxical world, which is weaved with fantastic and magical elements.
Beginnings of Machismo
The tradition of machismo in Latin America was born from colonial powers coming and ruling their homes without any sort of competition. Not standing any real chance in protecting their wives, land, and possessions, a nature of male-exclusive characteristics were born in order to attempt in rivaling the new intruders.
The Positives and the Negatives of Machismo
Negatives:
-dominating,
-strong,
-cold,
-aggressive
-focused on bringing money to the household instead of taking care of it.
Positives:
-caring of the family’s well-being
-chivalrous
-nurturing.
The traits that go with marianismo are:
-modest
-pure
-faithful
-submissive
-motherly
-eternally self-giving
Women have the role as head of the house- cooking, cleaning, etc. (can be seen in the characterization of Clara)
Traits of Marianismo
Rosa
Clara
Ferula
Pancha
Extended family played a greater role than the nuclear family
Importance of the family beyond a social unit-providing support
"A man without a functioning family is almost helpless in Mestizo America"
Marianismo in HOTS
"It would be of salmon-colored Italian marble, with statues made of the same material showing Clara and Rosa with angel wings, because they were, and always would be, angels" (Allende 295).
It was custom then for women and children not to attend funerals, which were then considered a male province, but at the last minute Clara managed to slip into the cortege..."(34)
"She...was bored by descriptions of heaven,purgatory and hell, but she shared her husbands parliamentary ambitions, hoping that if he won a seat in Congress, she would finally secure the vote for women, for which she had fought for the past ten years" (3).
"Be quiet", he roared, "you're getting married. I don't want any more bastards in the family"-Esteban
"I thought we already had several"-Blanca (215)
"....he had hoped to see Alba triumph. He had finally come to accept-beaten into it by the tide of new ideas-that not all women were complete idiots, and he believed that Alba, who was too plain to attract a well-to-do husband, could enter one of the professions and make her living like a man" (301).
His wife, Nivea, preferred to deal with God without benefit of intermediaries. She had a deep trust of cassocks and was bored by descriptions of heaven, purgatory, and hell, but she shared her husband's parliamentary ambitions, hoping that if he won a seat in Congress she would finally secure the vote for women" (Allende 3).
"she [Blanca] was the only normal person for many generations, and it was true she was a miracle of equilibrium and serenity.
"Word of his cruelty spread throughout the region, provoking jealous admiration among the men of his class. They peasants hid their daughters and clenched their fists helplessly because they could not confront him. Esteban Trueba was stronger, and he had impunity"
Esteban Trueba […] ended up shouting and slamming doors because, as he put it, he was up to here with living among a bunch of lunatics and all he wanted was a little normality, but he had had the misfortune of marrying an eccentric and siring three good-for-nothing crazies who were ruining his life.
He struggled and shouted so much that they loosened his bonds and helped him to his feet, but when he attempted to leave he saw that the windows had been bricked in from outside and that the door was locked. They tried to explain to him that things had changed and that he was no longer the patrón, but he refused to listen
Barrabas came to us by sea, the child Clara wrote in her delicate calligraphy. She was already in the habit of writing down important matters, and afterward, when she was mute, she also recorded trivialities, never suspecting that fifty years later I would use her notebooks to reclaim the past and overcome terrors of my own (Allende, 1)
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