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Unit 3: The 1970's, Nixon, Ford and Carter

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Arthur Wachholz

on 16 May 2016

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Transcript of Unit 3: The 1970's, Nixon, Ford and Carter

Iran Hostage Crisis
The Real Situation
VOC Ch 18 Sec 1/2
For each of the
terms on the right:
1. Write a question?
2. Answer the question
in your own words.
VOC Ch 18 Sec 2/3
For each of the
terms on the right:
1. Write a question?
2. Answer the question
in your own words.
Richard Nixon
Definition
Richard Nixon was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974, he became the only president to resign the office.
Jimmy Carter American
Experience
Camp David Accords and Iran Hostage Affair
Unit 3: The 1970's, Nixon, Ford and Carter
Examine and analyze the political, economic and social implications of the Nixon, Ford and Carter presidencies
Question
Why did he
resign the office?
Sentence
The Watergate Scandal
forced Nixon to
resign.
New Federalism
A. Richard Nixon won the election of 1968 with the idea to dismantle the Great Society programs.
B. His plan was to distribute a portion o f federal power to state and local governments.
1. Revenue Sharing: Allowed local and state governments to spend federal dollars any way they wanted with some limits.
2. Welfare Reform: Nixon looked to restructure welfare but was unsuccessful.
3. Stagflation Battle: Nixon battled a terrible economy and was unable to overcome these problems.


What was Stagflation?
a. Caused by over spending by LBJ for Vietnam War and Great Society.
b. Increased competition with international trade.
c. Large baby boomer labor force with too few jobs available.
d. Too dependant on foreign oil.
4. Foreign Policy: was successful dealing with foreign Communist nations.
a. He made peace in Vietnam.
b. Advanced relations with China and Russia.



II. Watergate
A. Scandal centered on Nixon administration’s attempt to cover up a burglary at the Democratic National Committee’s headquarters.
B. Power of the President?
1. bugs
2. “the plumbers”
C. Woodward and Bernstein
1. Reporters from the Washington
Post uncovered the story and broke the cover up.
2. Led to Nixon’s eventual resignation.
D. This created a disillusionment with the presidency, where people lost faith in the federal government.
Nixon and Watergate Notes
VOC Ch 18 Sec 1
For each of the
terms on the right:
1. Write a question?
2. Answer the question
in your own words.
silent majority stagflation
OPEC
Watergate
Gerald Ford
pardon
Twenty-Fifth Amendment
executive privilege
GV: PBS Vietnam Nixon
and Homefront
Jimmy Carter
Christian fundamentalist Helsinki Accords
SALT

Carter battled the energy crisis as the countries single most important issue.

He also asked Americans to limit their energy use.

The National Energy Act taxed gas guzzling cars,
removed price controls on oil and natural gas made in the US
gave tax credits to make alternative energy.

In 1979 the dependence on foreign oil decreased.
Carter tried many different actions to improve the economy.
None of these worked.

Inflation grew and Americans lost faith in his ability.

However, much of the economic problems in the US was the result of a change in the economy.

The Carter Years

Gerald Ford Takes Over
Ford took over for Nixon after his resignation.
Ford took up the battle with inflation and unemployment.
Asked people to Whip Inflation Now or WIN.
The plan was to get Americans to cut back on oil, gas and other energy resources.
The plan failed.
He cut government spending even more which led to the greatest recession in 40 years.

Term Notes: The Ford and Carter Years

In the 1970’s the US was becoming a more “service-based” economy
There was a decrease in the number of industry jobs.
New jobs required more education.
Increased foreign competition also hurt the work force.
Carter saw some success and failure with foreign policy and human rights.
Gave the Panama Canal to the Panamanians. (
success
)
Ruined relations with Soviet Union because of human rights beliefs. (
failure
)
Signed Camp David Accords to make peace between Egypt and Israel. (
success
)
Iran Hostage Crisis. (
failure
)

The Carter Years

The Republican Party divided over Ford.
His failed economic policies made the party split between him and Ronald Reagan.
The split allowed the Democrats to win with Jimmy Carter.

Election of 1976

In 1979, Iranian revolutionaries led by the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, an anti-American Moslem cleric, overthrew the Shah.  When he fled to the United States, where President Carter admitted him to receive medical treatment, student mobs stormed the American Embassy in Teheran.  They took hostages and demanded the return of the Shah to stand trial.  While the Iranians eventually released most of the women and African Americans, the remaining fifty-two Americans were held as hostages pending the return of the Shah, and his assets, to Iran.  The revolutionaries claimed the assets were stolen from Iran with the help of the United States.  These fifty-two American prisoners were held for more than a year; they suffered solitary confinement, beatings, and terrifying mock executions.
Summarize the actual events of the Iran Hostage Crisis in your own words.
Answer the following questions in paragraph form:
* Does the President need to be held to a higher standard than other Americans?
* Does the media have a responsibility to report the misdoings of public officials?
* Should a President be impeached for something an ordinary citizen cannot be arrested for?
Disillusioned with Presidency QW
Hostages released
Prevents further
negotiations
Hostages released
No need for military
Hostages may be
killed
Could free hostages
Show of strength
May end up in more
lost American lives
and civilians
Could be success

May lose soldiers
Safe and will cause
enemy govt to suffer
Will take a long time
to see effects
Full transcript