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Romanesque Church Architecture

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by

Kate Puckett

on 8 April 2016

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Transcript of Romanesque Church Architecture

Romanesque Church
Architecture

Abstract
Even though Romanesque church architecture branched off of different forms from different parts of the world, it has its own unique features and qualities because more people converted to Christianity during the medieval times and brought in their own aspects, skills, and ideas to the architectural world. The Romanesque time period was from 1050 C.E. to 1200 C.E. Overall, Romanesque architecture was influenced by Romans. However, it also got influences from Carolingian, Ottonian, Byzantine, and Germanic architecture. Romanesque architecture was the most innovative of its time, combining new forms and style to enhance the safety, size, and greatness. For example, Romanesque architecture vaulted the nave, which lowered the fire hazard. Techniques like this prove how innovative the Romanesque architecture was. In the end, Romanesque architecture brought old techniques to inspire architecture for years to come.
General Information
Because of fires used masonry vaulting instead of timber
Known for its solidarity and strength
first style to spread across Europe after the Roman Empire
Began after rule of Charlemagne
unified the Christian lands
Pope Leo III crowned him Holy Roman Emperor in 800 C.E.
Image by goodtextures: http://fav.me/d2he3r8
Nave and Transept
Load Bearing Structures
Columns
Vaults
Floor Plan
Primary Source: Saint-Sernin
Most Interesting Finding
ANY QUESTIONS?
works cited
Benedictine Church at Jak in Hungary
Outside Characteristics
Facades usually on west side
Symmetrical
Elaborate entrance decorated with carvings or sculptures
Small churches had one tower on west side while larger ones have two
Outside Characteristics
Arcading
A bunch of arches in a row, either to appear to hold a roof, open to big galleries, or not open at all
Buttresses
Not as common
Not far from the wall from which it projects
Towers
Square, circles, octagons
Marked with different floors by obvious horizontal lines
number/size of openings increase as it rises
Nave
Center and main part of the church
Goes from east to west
Transept
Forms a right angle with the nave
Goes north to south
Large tower at crossing of the nave and transept
Walls
Super thick
Not many small openings/windows
Piers
Stone arch supports in either a rectangle and square
Arches and openings
Semicircles over doorways and windows
Most were massive to support walls and roof
Drum
Hollow core columns
Capitals
Corinthian columns
by Lucy and Kate
Barrel vault
Arched surface that extends from wall to wall
Groin vault
2 intersecting barrel vaults
When the nave and the transept cross
East ends
Almost always semicircle
High chancel
Sometimes square
Crucifix layout like on our model
leads to Santiago de Compostela
monastery
aisles are groin-vaulted
One of the first church for naves had vaults, not wooden roofs
created to accommodate the number of pilgrims/new converts
they also influenced the types of architecture
Crusades
1095-1270
Lots of pilgrims
Conclusion
Santiago de Compostela
in Spain
In conclusion, Romanesque church architecture was different from its predecessor's even though it got influences from lots of different places. Romanesque architecture is still around today, which shows how influential it was. It was also the most innovative of its time, bringing and enhancing new structures and styles to the world of architecture. Its great size inspired pilgrimages and crusades. Overall, Romanesque architecture was an inspiring and innovative style of architecture that brought many new ideas and meanings to architecture.
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