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Ancient Japan

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Kaitlin Chen

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Japan

At the very beginning of Ancient Japan, most of the japanese were hunters. They hunted boards, deers and fish. Some of them lived near the sea for better gathering food. When Yayoi Period came, japanese started to farm. They grew crops and rice to feed their family and village.
• The Byodo-in Temple near Kyoto was originally a palace owned by a noble Heian family. It was donated by them to be dedicated as a temple in 1053. The temple’s most famous and only surviving building is known as the middle of an artificial lake, the phoenix Hall’s elegant curves are elected in the calm surface of the water.
Kinkakuji Temple
the Byodo-in Temple
the top most rank in the hierarchy. The Emperor possessed the supreme power among all the classes.

They mostly got the status and position of a Shogun and possessed the entire military as well as the economic power of the kingdom.

The Samurai were the brave soldiers that constituted the armies led by Daimyos.
The Farmers were the topmost Class in the common man class

the second class in the common man class.

the lowest class in the common man class in the hierarchy.
Japanese people are very particular about their greetings. They are one of the most important aspects of their culture. They believe that greetings are the ways to show respect to each other.

• Bowing is for expressing respect.
• Starring: impolite
• Shoes must be removed when entering Japanese houses and some restaurants.
• Sit with your legs folded on the Tatami mats on the floor in the traditional Japanese way.
Litters---a type Of shelter that was carried on the shoulders of four men.
• Horse-drawn bus and a man wearing Western clothes and riding a bicycle.
• Variety of traditional hand-drawn carts and rickshaws. These were use to transport passengers as well as foods and supplies.
• Kudzu is a leguminous plant that grows wild in the mountains and fields of Japan. A snow-white starch is made from the kudzu root and has been used as a food and a medicine by the Japanese since ancient times. Kudzu is effective in treating colds and cures many ailments, such as high blood pressure, stiff muscles, neuralgia, and rheumatism.
The Japanese invented the folding fan, which is made of paper or silk and pained with ink or watercolors. The fan’s sticks are made of wood, such as bamboo. Because of its shape the fan provides one of the most interesting formats available to the Japanese artiest. Fans are used in everyday life, for keeping cooler and for decoration. They are also the most important accessory for actor.
Decorated Fans
Economic and Trade

Around 708 AD, japanese began to use coins called Kai Yuan. It's a round coin with a square in the middle. Also, there are four charaters written on the surface. These coins were built of the reign of Emperor Xuan Zong in Tang danasty. Two of them naming the currency and two represent the title of the ruling Emperor Xuan Zong.
Mount Fuji
The emperor Kammu enthroned in 781, he is the strong ruler in Japan.
Kammu issued a decree; restrict the construction of new temple, the entrance of people into temple, and the sale or donation of land to Buddhist.
3776 meters, Japan's highest mountain
An active volcano
A most popular place to visit in Japan.

If you are lucky, you can see this mountain from Tokyo on the clear day!
Or you can see Mount Fuji from Fuji Five Lakes too!!
Genpei War
A succession war between two great houses each supporting a different heir to the imperial throne. The "Genpei War" means "War between the Minamoto and the Taira". Because the events of this war form the base of many a Kabuki play or story, this conflict is know in Japan as a dramatic and important war.
social hierarchy
Emperor chose members of important clans to make up a government and to act as his advisors in running japan's many provinces. These clan members were rewarded with rice and land for their loyalty to the emperor.
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Greetings in Japanese language are either 'formal' or 'friendly'. Given below are formal japanese language which can be also used in friendly cases.
There are essentially two types of houses in Ancient Japan. The first one is a pit-dwelling house in which people lived. It's crowded and cold in winter.
In the teahouse, you don’t just get some rest, but you also explore more of the Japanese culture. Green tea is served within a tea ceremony, where you learn how to sip the tea the Japanese way, and even turn the tea cup several times before your first sip. And to get the feel of the Japanese custom.
Teahouse is an important place for Japanese people to greet guests.
The second was built with the floor raised above th ground. This type of house used to store foods so they woud not spoil from heat and humidity.
They have different commom ingredients like what we eat today. They have different seasoning to give food flavour, such as sansho and mirin. It’s not just sushi thing. They also have :
-heaping mound with garnish on top
-odd number of items lined up with garnish at side
-item on a leaf
Formal meals were always served in individual portions. For various types of meals, specific dishes have specific location.
Organized Government
• Shinto came to Japan along with the first immigrants to the island. It is the largest religion in ancient Japan.
• They were in awe of its mysteries and appealed to its powers for protection, believing that spirits or gods.

• Buddhism originated in India around the 6th century BCE. Buddhism in Japan was the result of contact with China and Eastern Asia.
• They believe that the way to escape from human suffering and death is to achieve enlightenment through meditation.

Kinkakuji is a Zen temple in northern Kyoto whose top two floors are completely covered in gold leaf. Formally known as Rokuonji, the temple was the retirement villa of the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, and according to his will it became a Zen temple of the Rinzai sect after his death in 1408. Kinkakuji was the inspiration for the similarly named Ginkakuji (Silver Pavilion), built by his grandson, on the other side of the city a few decades later.
Site: the Great Buddha
• The Great Buddha of Kamakura is a monumental outdoor bronze statue of Amitābha Buddha。
The bronze statue was built in 1252, in the Kamakura period.
• The statue is approximately 13.35 meters tall including the base and weighs approximately 93 tonnes. The statue is hollow, and visitors can view the interior.

At the very beginning of Ancient Japan, most of the Japanese were hunters. They hunted boards, deers and fish. Some of them lived near the sea for better gathering food. When Yayoi Period came, Japanese started to farm. They grew crops and rice to feed their family and village.
Japan traditionally dress is an important part I want to introduce. With a different type of clothing, be it formal or casual, the traditional attire of Japan is extremely fascinating. The Japanese kimono is one of the most commonly worn garment in the country.

A kimono is a full-length robe made of silk, worn by both and women. While men have a simple black or brown-colored kimono, there are different designs of this for women. Traditionally, a woman chooses one depending on various factors, such as her age and marital status, type and color of the garment used.

Here is a compilation of the accessories that go with the kimono.
Japan is a very mountain countary. The mountains act in a good way because they act as natural barriers against foreign invasions. On the other hand, they make for poor agricultural land and Japan then therefore relies on fishing as their main food source.
Countries that can visit:
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Zori (ZAWR-ee)

This forms a major part of Japanese traditional clothing, often worn with the kimono. Zori are open-toe sandals that are described best as slip-ons or flip-flops. They are made of leather or cloth, and can be used for both formal and informal occasions.
• Kendo, Judo, Sumo...
Sumo wrestling is the traditional national sport of Japan. Sumo is a fascinating way to learn about the culture of the country. Men and women alike are fans of the sport, and it is deeply and traditionally Japanese. Sumo is a way of life as well as a sport, and all involved wear distinctive clothing and are considered role models all year round.
Cherry blossom

The cherry blossom is an important part of Japanese culture. People all over Japan gather in large groups to view cherry blossom on trees in spring.
Picnicking under cherry trees is a popular springtime activity in Japan.
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