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8th grade history "Chains" New York City, 1776
Transcript of 8th grade history "Chains" New York City, 1776
"We're headed up to what folks call the Tea Water Pump. Rich people get their water from there 'cause it tastes the best." p. 37
Tea Water Pump
East River wharf
"Yesterday I had been aboard a ship. The day before that, sold in a tavern. The day before that, I woke up in my own bed and watched an old woman die. My belly ached again, as if I were still at sea and the waves were throwing me off balance." p. 17
"The house was made of blocks of cream-colored stone and was wider from side to side than Jenny's tavern. I tilted my head up and counted: four floors, each with big windows facing the street. There were balcony railings on the roof." p. 42
The Lockton mansion
"The snake took us to Miss Mary's house to collect our blankets and too-small shoes but nothing else." p. 13
"It took two nights and two days for the Hartshorn to sail from Newport to the city of New York. Ruth and me were housed below the packet-boat's deck with six sheep, a pen of hogs, three families from Scotland, and fifty casks of dried cod." p. 24
Voyage to New York
More text here
New York City, 1776
3. July 9, 1776
South to New York
"The battery was the fort at the southern tip of the island, with high walls and cannons that pointed over the water to discourage enemies. ... I marched past rows of tents set up on the grounds outside of the fort, trying very hard to ignore the men and boys who stared as I walked by." p. 100
2. June 23, 1776
"The reverend had so much beseeching to do for the royal family, I thought we'd be stuck in church for a week. ... A young boy ran halfway down the center aisle. 'Beggin pardon, Reverend,' he shouted, but the British have sailed into the harbor!'" p. 117-119
June 30, 1776, Trinity Church
"'Thomas Hickey, you have been court martialed and found guilty of the capital crimes of mutiny and sedition, of holding a treacherous correspondence with and receiving pay from the enemy for the most horrid and detestable purposes, and you have been sentenced to hang from the neck until dead.' ... With that pronouncement, the hangman kicked the barrel away." p. 116
June 28, 1776
Hanging a traitor
As a member of Gen. George Washington's Life Guard, Sgt. Thomas Hickey was responsible for making sure his boss stayed alive. Instead, he plotted to kill Washington. He was sentenced and hanged in front of 20,000 spectators.
Rebels gather at
to topple the statue of King George
"As the crowd marched off to make bullets and celebrate liberty and independence in the taverns ... I picked up a sliver of lead that lay in the street. ... My own piece of majesty. Tyrants beware, I thought as I put it in my pocket." p. 126
... and now
"The men cheered so loud it seemed to shake the whole island." p. 124
July 9, 1776
Public reading, Declaration of Independence, City Hall steps
June 30, 1776
'The British have sailed into the harbor!'
4. July 15, 1776
Branding and using stocks were not unusual punishments in colonial America. "The aim was to humiliate the wayward sheep and teach him a lesson so that he would repent and be eager to find his way back to the flock," according to James A. Cox on History.org.
"The man with the leather apron pinned my head against the wood. ... I tried to pull away, but my hands and head were locked fast. ... The glowing iron streaked in front of my face like a comet. The crowd roared. The man pushed the hot metal against my cheek. ... They cooked me."
"The British thrashed the Patriots in a big battle in Brooklyn. Thrashed them but good. They killed or captured near a thousand rebels and sent the rest scurrying away." p. 169
Nathan Hale a Patriot school teacher lost his life in an attempt to provide Washington with information about British activities in New York.
August 26, 1776
The Battle of Long Island
September 15, 1776
"I cannot accept your service, child. We only employ slaves run away from rebel owners.'
- Words of Capt. Campbell,
September 16, 1776
"The British Army paraded up Broadway the next day, cheered by Loyalists all wearing a red ribbon or flower in their hats in support of the King." p. 185
6. September 21, 1776: Great Fire of New York
"Near five hundred homes were destroyed that night, plus shops, churches, and stables." p. 196
Historical fact: The British believed that the Great Fire was deliberately set by patriots. They arrested 200 suspected sympathizers and hung the American spy, Nathan Hale. Those displaced by the fire set up canvas tents around the destroyed areas in lower Manhattan.
November 16, 1776
More text here
Captured rebels are brought to Bridewell Prison.
Historical fact: Bridewell was built in 1775 as a debtors' prison. It was one of several places the British used throughout the Revolutionary War to house captives. Bridewell had no windows, so prisoners were exposed to icy cold winds during the winter. It is estimated that in all, 10,000 American prisoners died in British captivity.
"I gagged and gagged again as I carried out overflowing chamber pots, and forced myself to take a blanket from a corpse." p. 293
January 18, 1777
9. January 18, 1776
"I rowed that river like it was a horse delivering me from the Devil. ... I rowed and the tide pulled and the ghosts - who could indeed travel over water - tugged my boat with all their strength. My eyes closed and the moon drew me west, away from the island of my melancholy." pp. 298-299
1. May 27, 1776
May 27-May 29, 1776
May 29, 1776
May 29, 1776
The Tea Water Pump was a natural spring-fed well that supplied much of Manhattan with water up until the end of the 18th century.
Isabel sneaks down to
(fort) to inform the Rebel army of the plot to kill General Washington.
After the Battle of New York, Isabel tries to join the Loyalists
8. January 18, 1777
After Madam attacks Isabel and locks her in the
, Isabel breaks free and escapes the Lockton home for good.
"I leaned back and took a deep breath, then kicked and kicked with all my strength until the wood broke and flew into the dark." p.285
"'It's one of them old Dutch-style houses. Got a red door and a knocker looks like a heart,' Becky said. 'Can't miss it.'" p. 75
Lady Seymour's house
June 7, 1776
December 2, 1776
Isabel goes to Bridewell to feed Curzon, who is badly injured. She returns several times over the next 6 weeks.
Isabel Finch's World,
(Based on Laurie Halse Anderson's
Created by Ben Adelman & Marty Arismendi
Lodi Christian School
8th Grade History
May 10, 1775, Second Continental Congress met
at the State House in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
which was later renamed Independence Hall.
May 10, 1775
Ethan Allen led the Green Mountain Boys, and
joined forces with Benedict Arnold to capture
Fort Ticonderoga & Fort Crown Point.
How to keep England from sailing down
the Hudson River
Colonel Henry Knox and his men hauled cannons & ammunition from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston. Then the Patriots were able to free Boston, March, 1776.
June 17, 1775
Battle of Bunker Hill, Boston
Patriots won hill, ran out of ammunition, and lost it to British.
writing the Olive Branch Petition, showing that the Colonists wanted peace with Britain.
"Preserve our rights as Englishmen. We want peace."
Setting up the Continental Army by asking the colonies for war supplies and troops, and choosing George Washington as its commander. Also....
December 30-31, 1775
The Patriot's invasion of
Canada was a failed attack.
Battle of Lexington & Concord
British navy leaves Boston
sailing to New York, March 17.
Colonists loyal to the king were
called Tories or Loyalists.
"I pledge myself to our rightful sovereign, the king, sir," Mr. Robert said.
"New York is a ball
tossed between the
Loyalists and Patriots,"
Curzon said, scratching
the scar on his face. p. 37
Patriots: those who
"my feet wandered themselves to the pantry, and my hands pulled the loose board there. Under the board... was the book given to me." p.238
Thomas Paine wrote "Common
Sense"one of the most influential
political tracts in history.
"Mr. Paine knew how to stir the pot; he went right after the king and attacked the crown on his head."
Also, on June 7, 1776, a committee was formed in Philadelphia to write a document declaring independence. The document, written mostly by Thomas Jefferson, was approved on July 4,1776.
"Over the rooftops I could see men pouring water on the flattish roof of St. Paul's. ... To the south, Trinity Church was not as lucky." p. 195.
"Whenever I heard the words 'liberty' or 'freedom,' I wanted to spit in the dust." p. 156
The Patriot victory at the
Battle at Saratoga forced
the British to move their
focus to winning the South,
and won official French
support for the Patriot cause.
Battle at Saratoga September19 - October 17, 1777, British officer John Burgoyne leads the British to defeat.
December 25,1776,New York occupied by Britain.
"In keeping with tradition, I was to have Christmas Day free from work." "...Madam explained at my day off would begin as soon as I had served midday meal....after I brought in wood and washed up the dishes..."
"I found myself on the shore of the North River... A thought surfaced through my ashes.
She cannot chain my soul... not unless I gave it to her."
On Christmas night 1776, George Washington's troops surprised the Hessians at Trenton, N.J.
After tea was served, Madam said, "You have been idling around Bridewell prison.... I forbid you to go to the prison." My arms shook from the weight of the tray as well as her words. She could do anything: order me to the stocks, another branding, or .... She could sell me as she had done to Ruth...."
Victories at Trenton and Princeton gave new hope to the Americans' cause.
"The sun rose beyond the water, at the other side of the river. I was on the west bank. I was in Jersey. I had set myself free." p. 300
"'Curzon!' Someone twisted my ear. 'I beg you!... We must hurry away from here!' Before me sat a girl, her right cheek scarred by a branding iron,.... 'Twas Isabel, who was my friend.... Both oars were bloodstained where she had gripped them." p. 1
Isabel went south to find Ruth.
Curzon went north, ending up at Valley Forge Pa.
Winter 1777-78, at Valley Forge, PA, George Washington and his troops spent their most uncomfortable winter in severe conditions.
George Rogers Clark captured frontier outposts to give America claim to western regions
John Paul Jones declared that he had "not yet begun to fight."
Privateers were merchant ships armed for war.
Nathanael Greene was the Patriot who replaced General Gates as leader in the South.
Southern frontiersmen, called "over-mountain men", angered by the British demand to lay down their arms, fought back and won a battle at Kings Mountain.
How to prevent the British from sailing down
the St. Lawrence River, supplying their forts,
and cutting off New England from the other colonies?
The British officer, General Charles Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, Va., on October 19, 1781.
The Treaty of Paris officially ended the War for Independence
The French voluteer, Marquis de Layfayette, fought with the Americans at Yorktown, Va.
As a result of winning the war, the United States received the lands between the Appalachians & the Mississippi River
The War for Independence officially ended on September 3, 1783.
Baron von Steuben, Prussian drill master, trained the colonial army while it was quartered Valley Forge.
If the Son [Jesus] sets you free, you will be free indeed.
But God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
Jesus said, “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep."
How much are you worth?