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Golden Age of Islam

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Sophie Egar

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Golden Age of Islam

The Golden Age of Islam Mathematics One of the many things that the Muslims excelled at was mathematics. The Abbasids especially were very advanced in this subject. You see, the Abbasids took the mathematical ways of previous ancient civilizations, and improved them, as well as using them for a basis for their own theory's. Al-Khwarizmi, who was born in 780, took the Indians idea of the numerical system, and expanded it. Another great mathematician was Omar Khayyam. He took the ideas of Al-Khwarizmi, and applied greek ideas to them. Medicine Geography As well as Math, the muslims were also good at map and book making about geography. Some of the places they studied were Spain, North Africa, and the Arabian Peninsula. One man named Al-Idrisi made a book about geographic studies he based on his travels. Al-Idrisi made this book in 1154. 4th period By Sophie Egar Another topic that the Muslims were very good at was medicine. Al-Razi was a great doctor. Al-Razi used old studies to help him identify, and describe small pox as well as measles. Another talented medic was Ibn Sina. Ibn Sina wrote the Canon of Medicine. The Canon of Medicine described mental and physical medical conditions. The Abbasids in particular set up hospitals for everyone including the less fortunate. The hospitals were also for teaching. Doctors in Al-Andalus made books suggesting to be kind and understanding to their patients. In the 900s, Al-Zahrawi, a very famous and talented doctor published a 30 volume book about raising children. A majority of the doctors were also all-around scholars. For example, Ibn Rushd worked as a doctor. However, he was well know as a philosopher. Some of his most important studies were on Plato and Aristotle. Islamic Golden Age The golden age of Islam was when Muslims were at the peak of their empire. The Islamic Civilization was an influential empire that lasted for about 400 years. Islams golden age started in the 800s. By the 1200s Islam was slowly brought down by Christen forces.The Abbasids were located in the East on the Iberian Peninsula. There are many different categories in which the Muslim excelled at. Some of the category's include Math, Medicine, Geography, Art & Design, and Literature. Art and Design Another Category that Islamics were advanced in was Art and Design. Since the muslims thought that using human form in art would distract them from their faith, Calligraphy and Arabesque were often used in place. Calligraphy is a very fancy, and beautiful print. Now in days, Calligraphy is often used in Wedding Invitations, and some formal papers. Arabesque is when a piece of art shows intertwined flowers, stems, and other plant oriented things. Al-Idrisi Al Razi Ibn Sina Al Zahrawi Al-Khwarizmi Calligraphy Arabesque Literature Muslims have developed much literature of their own. A very popular piece is The Thousand and One Nights. The original book was written in Baghdad, and was a hit among the readers. Poetry flourished amoung the Abbasids, Quatrain was a poetic form that was very popular in Persia. This is a four-line poem in which the first, second, and fourth lines rhyme. A muslim named Omar Khayyam mastered this form. Omar Khayyam
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