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Transcript of GENDER
or all the stuff you didn't know was a problem until five minutes from now.
events of 13/14
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KINGS VIEW ACADEMY or THE PRESENTER of this session are not to be held liable for any swearing or table flipping that may occur during the course of this slideshow and its commentary.
This presentation may contain some mild curse words from time to time, make references to sex or sexual parts of the body or cause discomfort or sadness to listeners. This will most likely be the only subject on which this will happen. Please inform the presenter if pauses are needed.
LGBT is all people not cisgender and heterosexual. There are many different genders, combinations and absence of gender altogether.
CIS vs TRANS* vs GENDERQUEER
means you identify with the gender assigned to you at birth.
Trans* stands for all people who've transitioned from their assigned gender to their true one.
describes someone changing or who has changed their gender or gender expression.
means someone has had operations to change their sex to match their gender identity.
is both a gender identity and a category to describe all non-binary genders.
combination of fem/masc traits
passive, immediate, nurture
aggressive, far-reaching, protection
lack of standard gender traits
SOCIETY AND GENDER
Society tells us to express ourselves in certain ways based upon our gender and/or sex. This takes the form of dress, appearance and acceptable actions.
Society also tells us to take on certain roles - ranging from big ideas like "make money" or "stay home", but also little things, like who should do a task, give advice or what feelings to have.
give examples of the above
HOW GOVERNMENTS HANDLES GENDER
North America considers itself to be very ahead on gender issues, but in reality, our laws and stigma towards non-traditional gender roles and identities still have far to come.
AUSTRALIA + NEW ZEALAND;
"Kathoeys"; men who dress and act like women.
"Hijras"; intersex or men who dresses feminine, seen as neither. Given national ID cards in 2009.
On Nov. 1st, a law will come into effect allowing "indeterminate" on birth certificates.
Third gender offered on all official documents. First country to have national census with "other". (2011)
Allow "x" or "unspecified" on official documents, including passports.
Best gender equality country in the world, added neutral pronoun to language.
"Hijras"; seen as neither/third gender (pop. 5/6 million), passports now allow "E", allows "other" on voting forms, many different cultural practices, Sanskrit language has three gender options.
Over the course of this presentation and all sessions, there will be multiple rules concerning conduct around LGBT people. These basic instructions may be difficult to master at first, but become easier quickly and are some of the best things you can ever do for a person of the LGBT community. These are random and in no particular order - but all should be followed.
NAMES and PRONOUNS
Many trans* people will choose to change their name to better suit their identity. Accept this name as the one they want to be called by - do not inquire after a "birth name" or their "real name". Furthermore, a person might ask you to call them by different pronouns.
(Such as switching from she/her to he/him/his) This is also their choice and equally should not be questioned. Saying things like "well, now she's a guy" is not considered acceptable - and upsets many trans* people greatly.
A better suggestion is to say something along the lines of "[name] has asked that we no longer call him a girl, as he is coming out as transgender female to male." (FtM) Correct your slipups - don't ignore them - and above all else, be supportive. Respect this person's life choices - even if they aren't the ones you'd make, you don't understand them or really know what's going on. If you think that someone may be trans* or genderqueer, and you don't want mess up or make them feel uncomfortable, a good thing to ask is "what are your preferred pronouns?"
Trans* rights are often minimized in society and in the LGBT community, even going so far as to exclude trans* people. Sexuality is a big part of the LGBT community, but we often forget - without gender, we wouldn't have sexual or romantic orientation. So today, you're learning about non-standard genders. Here's some starting things to get you going.
"Coming out of the closet" is a term used by LGBT people who are making their identities known - this can be as simple as telling their parents or as big as getting a sex change operation or changing legal documents.
LGBT students are more likely to experience harassment ... but trans* students will take most of it. An Ontario study showed trans* youth between the ages of 16 and 24 were very high risk for suicide; 47% had seriously considered it and 19% had attempted. Discrimination towards trans* persons can range from denial of services to full-out murder. Some never feel safe at all.
Trans* and genderqueer people receive only a fraction of the help they need. Nova Scotia only just agreed to cover operations under medical expenses this year. Discrimination laws are spotty at best, legal aid hard to find and stigma runs high. It is difficult for people (especially youth) to buy clothes, find chest binders, or receive mental and emotional support. Many people don't want to be in a relationship with a trans* person. Even keeping a job can be hard.
Don't Call a Trans* person Trans*
... Sounds confusing, but it isn't actually that bad. This means several things; first of, trans* people do not want to be CALLED on their transgender status. Do not tell other people that they are transgender, unless they told you to or gave you permission. Secondly, transgender itself isn't a gender identity - someone can't BE trans*, but they can be a trans* PERSON. Being trans* is an action, not an identity.
Thirdly, terms such as tranny or shemale, which you may or may not have
heard, are HIGHLY insulting. Remember the punch in the face thing?
This is what I'm talking about. These words (and any other terms generally
meant to insult or make fun of being trans*) are on levels of racist slurs.
Not even the LGBT community uses these terms, they are that bad.
Sometimes a person who doesn't identify with the gender assigned to them at birth may feel very ill at ease in their body. This can be for a variety of reasons - they may feel that they don't "pass" as male or
female, that their body is betraying them or that being one sex or the other forces them into a position they don't want to be in. This is called "Dysphoria" or less commonly, as "Gender Identity Disorder". Treatment normally involves surgically altering one's self to adopt physical traits of a sex or gender. This can be as simple as "top surgery" (removal of the breasts) to as complicated as placing fake bone along the skeleton and skull to appear more masculine. Average cost of a full female to male or male to female surgery is between $10,000 to $60,000. Some genderqueer people only do partial surgeries.
SOME TRANS* FACTS
Being Trans* is HARD
Being Trans* is one of the most difficult aspects of the LGBT community. While the transgender is not a new movement, information about it is, and there is no formal system or organization of knowledge. Many people never REALIZE they're transgender at all. Above all else however, coming to terms with your own identity can be difficult - while you're dealing with disapproval, hatred, fear, lack of resources and many other things, you're also trying to make critical, life-alternating decisions with little help. Will you change your name? Change your pronouns? Get surgery? How will you dress, act, present yourself? Will you ask your siblings, parents, family and friends to stop using terms and nicknames?
It is very important to support - even if
you're just THERE for someone.
• relating to, composed of, or involving two things
The binary gender spectrum consists of men and women, male and female. All non-binary genders (agender, androgyny, genderfluid, etc) are gender identities that do not fall into these strict categories. We're going to look at some examples and hopefully explain them to you a bit better.
Keep in mind, there may be a test.
Your body. Not the other thing.
The human body is capable of three types of physical sex. (yes three.) These are physical, genetic and hormonal traits that determine how your body works. They are;
Standard female genitals. Female genetics/hormones.
Standard male genitals. Male genetics/hormones.
Combination of male and female traits. Takes of the form of genital combination, hormonal imbalance and/or genetic anomalies. There is no solid standard and many examples fluctuate between one extreme or the other.
We kinda already went over this, but whatever;
ANDROGYNOUS; combination of masculine and feminine.
FEMININE; traits associated with feminine genders or women.
GENDERLESS; lack of standard feminine or masculine traits.
MASCULINE; traits associated with masculine genders or men.
any gender containing multiple traits.
ANDROGYNY; near equal parts male and female.
BIGENDER; any two gender identities. Can be fluid or combo.
TRIGENDER; any three gender identities. Can be fluid or combo.
POLYGENDER; many different gender identities. Set amount, can be fluid or combo.
PANGENDER; All possible gender identities and traits combined or fluid.
any gender in which traits are difficult to tell.
GENDERFLUID; a person changes the traits and combinations of traits they prefer constantly or very often. May appear to be a mix-match sort of jumble at times.
GENDERQUEER; serves as a general category for non-binary genders, but also as a gender itself. Basically means "non-hetreonormatic" in general.
genders without traits
AGENDER; complete lack of gender identity or traits. Sometimes called "genderless".
NEUTROIS; neutral between genders. Acknowledges that the person has a gender identity, but that they are neutral between all traits and genders.
aboriginal third gender
TWO-SPIRIT; an umbrella term used to describe a person who takes on mixed-gender roles within a tribal organization. They wear clothing and do work associated with both male and female roles. A two-spirit person has both a feminine and masculine spirit.
Don't be asking about "pants" stuff.
A trend among newly minted allies - and generally ignorant people, is the belief that because a trans* person tells them sensitive information, it means they have a right to know similar info. It doesn't. A trans* individual will tell you things about their gender so you don't misgender or insult them. They aren't your personal wikipedia. So under no circumstances - with the sole exception that you are related to, or the best friend of a person going through surgery and are inquiring after their health - are you to ask a trans* person about their genitals. Never. It's stupid. Furthermore, it's demeaning, that someone who probably struggles on a daily basis just having that thing attached to them now has to explain to your stupid face that your stupid question was stupid. Just... don't. If you have to think whether or not that's a bad question, its probably worse then you think.
GENDER is NOT black & white
Furthermore, our ideas of what classifies as standard roles or expressions are changing - even within small communities you never heard of.
And most of all;
This is a lot more then just memorizing terms or feeling sympathetic - while the majority or possibly all of you will never experience the trials of being trans* or genderqueer, you will probably encounter one, become friends with one, maybe date someone or maybe even your children could be trans*. It comes down to having the knowledge to assist in tasks GIVEN to you and to support.
Like discussed previously, the LGBT community isn't interested in allies directly involving themselves in their spaces or communities, they desire only support in their actions and choices. As we do not directly involve ourselves in other minorities, it is not right to invade this one.
Having the knowledge to direct trans* youth to resources will help them if they are questioning, as well as educating other allies. (But chances are, if you meet knowledgeable LGBT people, don't try to wow them with you facts. You wouldn't tell a astronaut how to go into space, would you?)
a term used to describe someone in a gender context.
NE / NEM / NIR / NIRS / NEMSELF; Considered best option. It follows the formats of existing pronouns while staying more gender-neutral than any but Spivak – you could call it gender-balanced. “Ne” is n+(he or she), “nem” is n+her+him, “nir” is n+him+her.
VE / VER / VIS / VIS / VERSELF; “Ve” is another good option, found in some science fiction, without a specific bias towards either gender. The declension is again gender-balanced, being evenly split between forms that resemble “he” and “she.”
EY / EM / EIR / EIRS / EIRSELF (Spivak); Spivak is the most gender-free pronoun that parses well in English (as opposed to “ta” or “thon,” which are also gender-free but simply don’t work in the English language), since it derives from “they” rather than from a mix of “he” and “she.”
ZE / HIR / HIR / HIRS / HISELF OR ZE / ZIR / ZIR / ZIRS / ZIRSELF); “Ze and hir” is the most popular form of gender-free pronoun in the online genderqueer community, derived from the earlier “sie and hir,” which were considered too feminine/female-sounding since “sie” is German for “she” (among other things), and “hir” was a feminine pronoun in Middle English.
XE / XEM / XYR / XYRS / XEMSELF; “Xe,” it turns out, is supposed to be pronounced the same as “ze” – apparently it was an aesthetic change in order to distance the pronoun from its “sie/hir” roots one step further. It also balances the genders in the way “ze” does not – but it runs into the same pronunciation problems when following words ending in “s” or “z” sounds.
FtM; female to male transgender person.
MtF; male to female transgender person.
Post-Op; post operation, transexual.
Pre-Op; pre-operation, planning to become transexual.
Mx.; gender-neutral term for titles. (Mr. / Ms.)
Enby; queer term, comes from "NB" (non-binary)
THIS IS ONLY A FRACTION OF TRANS* ISSUES
WE'LL TOUCH ON MORE IN JANURARY
GENDER SYMBOLS AND FLAGS;