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Education in early the 1900's
Transcript of Education in early the 1900's
Private School Academies
In the early 1900's wealthy kids attended private academies. The classes were small, with only about 3 or 4 kids in a class, there was only one teacher that taught several grades in just one room. The subjects the girls took at the academy were reading, spelling, history, arithmetic, geography, penmanship, or handwriting. They also learned manners and how to walk like a lady.
Public schools were free, and mostly children that were not rich attended this school. Boys and girls were at the same school, and there was a class for each grade level that had around 20-30 kids in each class. The teachers were definitely harder on public school kids than they were private. If the kids did something wrong, the teachers wouldn't hesitate to hit them with paddles or rulers. A lot of work done at public schools was reciting, reading, and memorizing. In 1904, kids were supposed to go to school until they were 16, but most of them did not finish 8th grade because their family needed help on the farm, factories, etc. A few women went to college, even few rich girls went to college.
As you can see here, this was an all boys private school.
This is a public school because it had both boys and girls that were in the same classroom.
By the beginning of the 1900's, foreign people were starting to immigrate over to the United States in outrageous numbers. Between the years of 1890 and 1920 18.2 million newcomers came over into the United States, because of this number, schools around the country were overloaded by immigrant children seeking an education. In 1905 alone, sixty thousand to seventy five thousand people were denied permission into the New York City schools because they simply had no space for them. Meanwhile, to help immigrants and their children adjust to American lifestyle, some educators created special courses to teach English and provide instruction for the lifestyle.
The way Americans who wished to enter the teaching profession changed dramatically in the decade from 1900-1909. In those years, teaching at the elementary level was primary for women because it was one of the professions open for female; the percentage of women teaching was 70% and by the end of the decade it had jumped to 79%. Whether teachers were women or men, however, the teaching was changing drastically from earlier years. Teacher education programs were lengthened in most post secondary institutions universities and schools created a four year program that provided people who wanted to be teachers with a theoretical base in educational psychology and in the history of education.
By 1910, the average salary for a teacher was about $485. This average, however, was based on gender, teaching level, and religion. In 1900 the salary for a female teacher had started out at $600; for each additonial year of experience, they would get $40 more. Male elementary teachers, however, started at the same base of $600 but received $150 more each year of experience. As a result, a male elementary school teacher with ten years of experience made 2,100, while a woman with the same experience and same job earned 1,000. High school teachers, mainly male, received higher salaries than elementary school teachers, while administrators made the most out of all of the school staff. High school principals in New York City in the 1900's, nearly all of whom were male, made $5,000 per year, but female principals made between $1,750 and 2,500. New York educators ranked at the nations top educational pay scale. Educators in the south were paid far less than colleagues in the cities.
In 1900, 78% of all children were enrolled in American Schools; By 1910 the percentage had increased only slightly to 79%. In 1905 the average school term lasted 151 days, to which the average student attended 105 days. In the first decade of the twentieth century the large majority were enrolled in public schools. In fact, only 8% of all elementary and secondary school students attended private school. Furthermore, very few students attended high school. In 1900 only 11% of all children from age fourteen to seventeen were enrolled in high school, and even fewer graduated. For example, in 1900 a mere 6.3 percent of seventeen year old's were high school graduates. By 1910 the percentage had only slightly increased to 8.6%. By the end of the decade the average number of school years completed by adults was about eight years.
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African American Education
Black and whites had to attend different schools, the seperate school systems were not equal, schools for white children received more public money. Fewer African Americans were enrolled in school, black children were often pulled out because they were needed on their families farm, many of their parents were sharecroppers. Even if black children were not needed on the farm, the white owner of the farm still might pull them out because they didn't think black children deserved an education. In rural towns they didn't have enough money for two seperate schools so they would just build one for the white students. The conditions where black students studied were a lot different than where the white students studied. Most school buildings had leaking roofs, sagging floors and windows without glass. They ranged from untidy to absolutley filthy, according to a study in 1917.
1. How many kids were in a private school classroom?
2.Why would most kids drop out of school in the 1900's?
3.What would kids do during immigration if they could not get into school?
4.Where did women primarily work in the 1900's?
TRUE OR FALSE
5.Women teachers made more than men teachers?
6.What was the average number of years for an adult to attend school?
7.Why was the school systems separate from African Americans?
8.How many immigrants came between 1890-1920?
9.How much money did a male high school principal make a year?
10. How much money did a women high school principal make a year?
1. They were about 3-4 kids in each private classroom.
2. They were forced to drop out to help their parents on the farm or anything to help their family.
3. They couldn't attend school because there was no space for them.
4. They were mainly elementary school teachers.
5. FALSE, in the 1900's men made more than women no matter what.
6. The average number was about 8 years.
7. The school system was not equal in the 1900's which caused them to be in different schools.
8. Roughly 18.2 million immigrants arrived.
9. A male high school principal made about $5,000 a year.
10. A woman high school principal made about $1,750-$2,500
Education in the 1900's