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The Timeline from 8000 BCE to 600 CE
Transcript of The Timeline from 8000 BCE to 600 CE
Part 1: From Hunting and Gathering to Civilizations
10000- 8000 B.C.E The Development of Farming in the Middle East.
9000 B.C.E The Domestication of sheep, pigs, goats, and cattle
8000 B.C.E The Transition of agriculture, introduction of silk waving in China.
5500 BCE Catal Huyuk at its peak
5000 BCE The Domestication of maize in Mesoamerica
4000 – 3000 BCE The age of innovation in the middle east: intro of writing, bronze metalwork, wheel, plow
3500-1800 BCE The civilization of Sumer; cuneiform alphabet
3100 BCE The Rise of Egyptian civilization
2500 BCE The emergence of Harappan civilization.
1500 BCE The emergence of Shang Kingdom in china; writing develops.
1500 BCE The first ironwork in middle east.
1122 BCE The western Zhou kings.
Part 2: The Classical Period
2000 - 750 B.C.E
5000 BCE Early Japanese Settlement
1122-770 BCE Initial Zhou kingdom
800 BCE Rise of Greek city-states
770-403 BCE Later Zhou kingdom; beginning of China’s classical period
750-600 Kush kingdom rules in Egypt
551-223 Periods of the great Chinese philosophers: Confucius, Laozi, Mencius, Legalists
542- 483 Buddha
500 B.C.E.- 1 C.E.
500-250 BCE Beginnings of Roman republic
470-430 BCE Height of Athenian culture
202 BCE- 9 CE Initial Han Dynasty
23-220 Later Han Dynasty; invention of paper and compass
88 Beginning of Han decline
106 Height of Roman territory
250 C.E. - 750 C.E.
300 CE Spread of Buddhism
300-700 CE Rise of Axum; conversion to Christianity
319-540 CE Gupta Empire founded; one of the world’s first universities established
451 CE First Han invasion
580 CE Spread of Buddhism to Japan
589 - 618 CE Sui Dyasty
700 ff Spread of Islam
Part 3: The Classical Civilization of India
1600 B.C.E - 750 B.C.E
1600 - 1000 BCE Aryan invasion of India
1200 - 700 BCE Sacred Vedas Composed
1000-600 BCE Epic Age; Mahabharata, Ramayana, Upanishads composed
563 - 483 BCE The life of the Budhha
500 B.C.E. - 1 C.E.
327 - 325 BCE Alexander the Great invades India
322 - 298 BCE Chandragupta Maurya rules
269 - 232 BCE Reign of Ashoka
200 BCE - 200 CE Period of greatest Buddhist influence
319 BCE -540 CE Gupta Empire founded; one of the world’s first universities established
535 CE Gupta Empire overturned by the Huns
Part 4: Classical Civilizations in the Mediterranean and Middle East
2000 B.C.E - 500 B.C.E.
1700 BCE IndoEuropean invasions of Greek peninsula
800-600 BCE Rise of Greek city-states; Greek and Sparta
550 BCE Cyrus the Great forms Persian Empire
470-430 BCE Athens at its height
300-100 BCE Hellenistic Period
250 B.C.E. - 250 C.E.
49 BCE Julius Cesar become dictator in Rome
47 BCE Augustus Caesar seizes power
101 - 106 CE Greatest spread of Roman territory
313 CE Constantine adopts Christianity
During this process of changing from hunting and gathering societies to civilizations, every aspect of a culture changed. The main difference between a hunting and gathering society and a civilization is that in a civilization there is sedentary agriculture. And once having a sedentary agriculture, a civilization can flourish because agriculture can feed more people, acquire less people to get the food, which leads for other people to flourish in different occupations, have a stable food supply year round, and causes people to adapt to their environment more. In this time period of hunting and gathering societies to civilizations, they are more innovations that help the civilization flourish. Such innovations include domestication, the use of writing, the use of bronze, and different political systems being created.
During this period from 5000 B.C.E. to 750 C.E., there are more new innovations that help the civilization grow and expand. Such innovations are the creations of the political and social systems. In part 2 of this chapter, there is a strong emphasis on China's expansion. In China's expansion, there is an emphasis on religion especially Confucianism and that led to the social system in China. Confucianism taught the people how to live their lives everyday and to maintain a manner that engulfs the teachings of Confucius. This also led to the political system of China, which the aristocrats were on top and the "mean people" were on the bottom. China also showed the inequality of the civilization and the patriarchy that it created.Because China was isolated, they couldn't connect to other parts of the world but because they're so technologically advanced, they became one of the most successful civilization.
The time period from 1600 B.C.E to 1.C.E. puts an emphasis on the expansion of different civilizations through conquering other civilizations. It also shows the emphasis of having a good military system that results in the expansion of a civilization. This period also relates to ch 3 of the book which shows the Indian civilization. In the Indian civilization, there is a strong emphasis on the caste system that India has created. The caste system is so important to the Indian civilization that it is the most important factor. The Indian civilization also put a greater emphasis on their religion, Hinduism. Hinduism has helped create the great empire of India that we know of today. Also the arts and sciences of India has helped India become one of the most advanced civilizations at its time.
During this time period from 2000 B.C.E. to 250 C.E., there is a high emphasis on religion and the social system. There is a high emphasis on religion to show the relationship between different civilizations with their religions. During this time period, this shows ch 4 of the book which is the classic civilization of the Mediterranean and Middle East. The civilization created in the Mediterranean are the Greeks and the Romans. The greeks had a very big influence on the whole world with their architecture, way of government, which was democracy,the Olympic games, their philosophy, and their science. All of the aspects of the Greek has influenced the whole world and we even see it today. The Romans had a similar influence on the world with similar aspects.