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Civil Rights Movement

To introduce the Civil Rights Movement as it relate to tension in To Kill A Mockingbird

Trudy Stiles

on 4 February 2011

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Transcript of Civil Rights Movement

Background to the Civil Rights Movement "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness." Thomas Jefferson 1776 The slave trade began in the 1600's when British ships sailed to Africa, captured hundreds of thousands of blacks and stacked them in the hulls of their ships. They sailed to the southern part of the United States and sold the blacks off to the highest bidder among the cotton plantation owners. The black person would be a slave until death. The American Civil War took place in the early 1870's. The North believed the time had come to abolish slavery and work toward EQUALITY OF ALL MEN. The South felt they could not survive as plantation owners without a huge and cheap slave labor supply The North won! President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which gave legal freedom to all slaves. Some Blacks moved north but still had difficulty finding work. In the South they were so angry about losing the War that they passed segragation laws to keep blacks poor and uneducated. These laws were often refered to as "Jim Crow" laws. Southern white men formed the Ku Klux Klan, also known as the KKK. This group met in secret and made plans to use violence to keep black people scared and obedient. It is estimated that 300 000 Americans belong to the KKK today. A young Baptist minister by the name of Martin Luther King, Jr. became the leader of what is known today as the Civil Rights Movement. peaceful and nonviolent methods March on Washington - 200 000 blacks and whites gathered in Washington, D.C.), sit-ins, quiet rebellion (such as sitting at the "whites only" section of a restaurant, refusing to sit at the back of the bus.
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