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The Constitution Of The United States

An introduction and preview to the material we will learn during our study of the constitution

Mindee Hill

on 3 June 2012

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Transcript of The Constitution Of The United States

The New Nation Branches of Government The President The Supreme Court The Congress Preamble to the Constitution The First 10 Amendments to the Constitution veto power Two Houses settle arguments and
provide final law
constitutional or unconstitutional? Federalists Checks and Balances Bill becomes a Law Shay's Rebellion Executive Legislative Judicial President and the First Cabinet The Bill of Rights States rights vs strong federal government 1791 did not allow the gov to collect taxes
establish a military
or make states obey the nations laws Farmers rebelled against gov of Mass. because the money from the Revolutionary war was not spendable and the government tried to take the farmland. State militia had to stop the rebellion because their was no National Army. need for a strong central government! Constitutional Convention 1787 Virginia Plan The Constitution James Madison, Father of the Constitution Madison drafted seven articles of the constitution outline the rights of the people 9 of 13
or 2/3rds Ratification 1789 Senate House Of Representatives 2 per state based on state population Every state except Rhode Island atteneded Articles of Confederation The first plan for a new National government
after the Revolutionary War Gave congress the power to declare war, make peace treaties
print and borrow money. It was a weak central government. Power still
was held within each state. The Northwest Territory Upper midwest land won in the Revolutionary War Treaties made with Native Americans
regarding land rights and use of land.
Outlawed slavery in the NW territory 1786 A week National Gov. could not keep order 55 delegates attended Antifederalsts states to share power with central government power by the people through elected leaders New Jersey Plan The Great Compromise Slavery and the 3/5 Rule Do slaves count as part of the population of a state? We the People 5 slaves = 3 free people (ratify means to accept) James Madison
Alexander Hamilton
John Ray Believed a Bill of Rights was needed which spelled out freedom of the people, unlike rule by a king or a strong central government. Power to the STATES! Strong Central Powerful
Government and
weak state control Thomas Jefferson Delaware was the first to ratify the constitution and
New Hampshire the 9. The Constitution becomes official
with 9 of the 13 states voting to ratify! by James Madison Patrick Henry The people have the power! Democracy The President today is elected every 4 years.
He or she may serve for 8 years in a row. Limits the powers of the government.
Each branch is accountable to the other
two branches of government. The Virginia Plan Powers of the Constitution National laws are stronger than state laws National Defense Post Office Prints Money Controls trade National Powers State Powers Public Education Elections Shared Powers Tax collection Set up court systems Freedom of Speech
and freedom of religion Government Powers are
limited to the Constitution First Amendment Tenth Amendment Issues marriage
and drivers licenses Sets up local government
( city or town) Second Amendment Third Amendment Fourth Amendment Fifth Amendment Sixth Amendment Seventh Amendment Eighth Amendment Ninth Amendment George Washington, President Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury Henry Knox, Secretary Of War Edmund Randolph, Attorney General Citizens could own weapons Citizens do not have to
quarter soldiers Police cannot search your home
without a good reason A right to a fair trial and
they cannot be tried
more than once for the same
crime People accused of a crime
have the right to a fair and
speedy trial. People who have a have a disagreement about something more than $20 have a right to a trial by jury. A person accused of a crime
has the right to stay out of jail
by posting bond People have rights
other than those stated
in the Constitution John Adams, Vice President Many wanted this to read
"We the States"
instead! With liberty and justice for all! Make sure you
take notes in your
notebook! You will be tested
on all of this information!
Full transcript