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Modern Music

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Allysa D'Aguanno

on 14 April 2015

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Transcript of Modern Music

Music
B
y:
C
assa
ndra D
Ha
ley T
Allys
a d
Artist:




Arnold Schoenberg



John Cage


Karlheinz Stockhausen


Philip Glass

Steve Reich

Movements
Minimalism
Experimental music
Arnold schoenberg
Steve reich
artists
Philip Glass
Karlheinz Stockhausen
John Cage
Popular work
Ugh
Thank You!
Biography and Education
Bio:
Born in Baltimore, Maryland, January 31, 1937
His father own a record store
Instruments: Violin ,Flute and Piano
Education:
Schools- University of Chicago and Julliard
Teachers- Darius Milhaud, Nadia Boulanger and Ravi Shankar
Influences
Influences

Influences
:
Buddhism
Eastern philosphy
Minimalist music
Movement
:
Minimalism
Group: Philip Glass Ensemble(1967)- Terry Riley, Steve Reich, Monte Young and Meredith Monk
Pieces
Piece #1
Einstein on the beach
Philip Glass Ensemble : Glassworks- Floe
Biography and Education
Bio:
Born in Los Angeles in 1912
His father was an inventor
He had a passion for the piano
Invented the prepared piano
Education:
Studied in Los Angeles, New York and Europe
Teachers: Arnold Scheonburg, Henry Cowell and Nadia Boulanger
Influences
Influences:
Indian philosophy and Zen Buddhism: Silence
I Ching- Chance Music
Indeterminacy- Compostition and Performance
Movments:
Minimalism
Avant garde
Experimental music
Modern and Postmodern music
American electronic
Piece #1
Music of changes
4'33
pIECE #2
Piece #2
1960's
nEW YORK
FEATURES:
COMPLEX AND LAYERED TEXTURE
cONSTANT HARMONY
GRADUAL CHANGES
REPEATED PHRASES AND RHYTHMS ( lOOPING)
BROKEN NOTES
SILENCE
iNSTRUMENTS:
vIOLIN
PIANO/ Keyboard
ORCHESTRA
PERCUSSION
ELECTRONIC MUSICAL EQUIPMENT
Early Life

Born: august 22, 1928

Died: December 5, 2007

Comes from a family of poor farmers

His father trained to be a teacher

He thought of his father as a role model
Family troubles

At four years old his Mother was taken to a
mental hospital

Father enlisted in military

Karl could not go to a certain school

Father remarried and reenlisted in the air
force
Loss of parents

At age 13 he lost both parents during the war:

Mother was put to death because of the law that
said she was ”useless” so they could kill her.

His father went back to war and never returned
Early Musical Life

Came from musical family

Playing tricks

This was a talent he had. He did not have to work
for it
Donnerstag Aus Licht
Meaning: Thursday from light

Composed in: 1978

First opera in the Licht cycle

One of seven in a series representing the days of
the week

Stockhausen wants to create a new sound world
with each new work and with in each work he
wants to create a new soundworld given the
length.
Instruments

5 trumpets or 1 trumpet and5 recordings

14 musical performers

3 solo vocal, 8 solo instruments and 3 solo
dancers
Inspiration and belief

Inspired by the Urantia book

The belief is the archangel Michael became man

Michael is the main protagonist in the opera

The belief of incarnation is different

One god and three person became man

There is a connection between religion
and music
Three Acts
The first act
-Michael’s youth- 63 minutes
----First scene- childhood
----Second scene- Mondeva
----Third scene- Examination
Second act
--Michael’s Journey Around the Earth
Third act
--Michael’s return home
----First Scene: Festival
----Second scene: Vision
Stimmung
Composed: December 1968
More than an hour long
Six Voices


Sound
(Made up of chants)
Presentation

~Six Voices (people)
~Cross legged on floor of podium
~1.30 meters higher than audience
~Light colored, simple clothes with bare feet
~The sound technician balances the 6
~microphones or 6 transmitters
~Light shines from above or from lamp in the
middle of the singers
Music Career
Education

•In 1942 nation trainee for teachers

–He played music Constantly

–Scheduled

•Studied music in college:
-State Conservatory of Music (piano and music
edu.)
-University of Cologne (German Philology,
philosophy and musicology)



Composing Career

He started composing in the 1950s

The first three pieces he composed brought
him international fame

Collection of works classified as “Spiritual
Music”

Spiritual, overtone, intuitive and mantic music

Tape recorders and electronic instruments
Influences

Surrealism and indeterminacy

Surrealism based on Schoenberg's 12 tone system

Indeterminacy(chance music) made popular by John Cage

Composer gives the musician the freedom to
interoperate his music
Music

Composed 376 individually performable works

The seven days of the week

29 hours of music

Planned to do the hours, minutes and seconds of the day

Before his death he composed the 1st and 21st
hours of the day
Involvement

Involved in the performances of his work by:

Personally conducting

Performing

Directing the performance as a sound
projectionist
Accomplishments

Was appointed Professor for composition at
the Hochschule fur Musik in Cologne in 1971
after performing around the world

Member of 12 international academies for the
arts and sciences

Founded Stockhausen-Verlag in 1975

Publish his later works

First to compose from sine-wave sounds
Early Life

September 13,1874

Died July 13, 1951

Middle Class Jewish Family

Jewish family converted to Protestant in 1898
but were never formally religious

Father died when he was 16 of Pneumonia
Early Musical Life

Came from a musical family

His interest in music began at 9 years old

Self taught with some help from Alexander
Von Zemlinksy (met in 1895)
Chamber Symphony no.1
Composed:1906

Completed while in Bavaria in July 1906

The premier was in February 1907

22 minute long

The modest icon, inspiring many similar
works
Instuments
-2 flutes
-piccolo
-2 oboes
-english horn
-clarinet
-2 bassoons
-contrabassoon
-4 horns
First section= slow –ripe intro-quick-home key…


Second section=energetic-whole tone scale-transition…


Third section=expression reflective but dramatic-soft…


Fourth section= sad-soft-slow…


Fifth section= free- recapitulation
Breakdown
Friede Auf Erden
Meaning: Peace on Earth

Wrote in 1907

Premiered in 1911

8 minutes long
Instruments
-2 flutes
-2 oboes
-2 clarinets
-2 bassoons
The title peace on earth was taken from 1886
poem by Swiss writer Conrad Ferdinand
Meyer.
Contribution to Music
Musical Freedom

12 tone writing

12 tones assembled in a row

Note used horizontal and vertical before it is repeated

12 pitches of the chromatic scale

His idea spread far past Germany
Creating Anarchy

Created an anarchy by equalizing 7 diatonic
and 5 chromatic notes, releasing the from the standard

Open ended and liberating

Empowered composers to follow their creative
impulses
Musical Modernism

Not made for the time period

More modern

One of the founders of musical modernism

Influential figure from early 20th century and 25
years after his death
Schoenberg’s Opinion

Falling into the stereotype

Wanted to be different and change the way
people see Music

He felt no regrets

Opened a door for future generations to explore
possibilities

He saw his work as “logical evolution of
cherished tradition”
Other Opinions

Destroyed music

In the time his pieces had negative opinions

Gustav Mahler, supported his work

His work was misunderstood at the time

After a century people did not react well

“his music sounded random and jumbled”
Dedicated To Kanye
Im Tired
WAZZ UP
mUSIC
gRILLED cHEESE
nIGHT pEANUTS
bOBBY'S pINS
i GOT CALLED INTO WORK BUT HAD TO DO THIS INSTEAD
i HOPE YOU GET A PAPER CUT... oN YOUR TOUNGE ~cHANCE THE RAPPER
sECRET bOARD
dEARLY BELOVED WE ARE GATHERED HERE TODAY TO GET THROUGH THIS THING CALLED LIFE ~pRINCE
ohh Canada
Billy Joel is the Bestest
Early Life and Education
Born in 1963 (Usa)
His work and Career
It's Gonna Rain
"Music for 18 Musicians"
Influences
Critics and Awards

Glassworks
-Chamber music
-Six movements
-large audience

Consisted of:
Large rhythmic and harmonic shifts or tonal shifts
Minute changes
rhythms after series of repeated rhythms
minimalist change
Within his music every note, movement and gesture had a purpose.
Instruments:
Piano
keyboard
flute
Saxophone
horns
Opera
Late 1970's

created with Bob Wilson

Similar clothes and props that
connected to Einstein.

Consisted of:
4 aCTS-20 MINUTES-visual
5 kNEE PLAYS- iNTERLUDES

repeated patterns
minimalist change
Rhythmic cycles
Instruments:
Violin
Piano
flute
saxophone
organ
opera
rEACTIONS
" Its so loud"
"Why is it so repetitive"
"I Don't understand it"
" Viscous bath of pure, thick energy"
"WOW"
"Is this a joke"
"What the MEANING"
Chance Music
1950's
dedicated to David TUDOR

Consisted of:
Indeterminacy
i ching
Piano
silence
Repeated rhythms and phrases

rEACTIONS:
" NOTHING IS LEFT TO CHANCE"
" wHY IS IT SO DIFFERENT"
" wHAT IS THE PURPOSE"
" wHAT IS THE MEANING"
aNTI-mUSIC
sILENCE
1952

ACCOMPANIED BY DAVID TUDOR

cONSISTED OF:
sILENCE
PIANO
MAN
FREEDOM
THE BEAUTY OF NATURE AND HUMANITY
" tHERE IS NO SUCH THING AS SILENCE" - jOHN cAGE
Reactions:
"Absolutely ridiculous"
"stupid"
"A gimmick"
Your killing me smalls
1950's
created my john cage

Consisted of:
freedom
no effort
looping- Repeating phrases
I ching- CHANCE
indeterminacy
creation of new definition and purpose
iNSTRUMENTS:
PREPARED PIANO
KEYBOARD
RECORDERS
ELECTRONIC

early life
Pieces
Career
Style
" I used chance operations instead of operating according to my likes and dislikes. I used my work to change myself and i accept what the chance operations say"- john cage
well-known American composer
showed interest in jazz, drumming, and writing
a bachelor’s degree in Philosophy well minoring in music
study of composition
heavily influenced by drumming and the chanting of Hebrew Scriptures
repetitive patterns
rhythmic patterns
experimental ideas
focused most of his work around minimalist music
avant-garde style
aim to create new forms of music
clapping music
experimentation in melody, rhythm, and composition
90 minutes
movies
Music for 18 Musicians
It’s Gonna Rain
Music for 18 Musicians
chanting
African Drumming



supporters
Critcis
2009 Pulitzer Prize for Double Sextet

Grammy Award for Best Classical Contemporary Composition (1990)

Grammy for "Music For 18 Musicians (1999)

Awards
No we did not use references to awkward and the princess diaries
You like it huh?
We are laughing too... inside
We did have a little fun... only a little
This is my fave part of the presentation
This used to be my playground
tEA WATER
nEW GIRL SUXS
sERECT lINK: (START 0.50)
sleep is life
shrek is love..shrek is life
(tHIS WAS ACTUALLY ON THE WALL OF THE UNIVERSITY THAT I MAY ATTEND) THANKS CANADIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS, YOU ROCK
LIVE THE LIFE YOU LOVE LOVE THE LIFE YOU LIVE: 6TH GRADERS
MY FACE IS DEAD
rbf
This is not funny to you but it is to us
Don't Zoom out
and that's the end
Please take into consideration the length of the pieces. some are longer than others and watching the entire video is not necessarily important to gain an understanding of the piece .
Full transcript