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Schools of Thought

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by

jermine tomajin

on 25 June 2014

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Transcript of Schools of Thought

School
Its method emphasizes on:

curriculum is rigid
learners are all the same
discipline is the major motivation
freedom is an outcome, NOT a means of education
its approach is authoritative
teacher's role is to assign lessons and recite recitations
book-centered
It has
NO
interest in
social action & life activities

Measurement
of
outcomes
and achievements:
standard tests
based on subject-matter mastery
Thank you!
Schools of Thought
on Curriculum Development

School
PROGRESSIVE
ESSENTIALIST
Methods recommended are:
memory work (memorization)
mastery of facts and skills
development of abstract intelligence
WHY teach
for learners to acquire basic knowledge, skills & values
to transmit traditional moral values & intellectual knowledge
WHAT to teach?
academic content
Fundamental r's :
reading
'riting
'rithmetic
right conduct
HOW
must emphasize on
mastery of the subject matter
teachers should be the
fountain of information
and
paragon of virtue
to teach?
book-centered
subject-centered
teacher-centered
ESSENTIALIST
ESSENTIALIST
ESSENTIALIST
ESSENTIALIST
ESSENTIALIST
ESSENTIA
L
IST
ESSENTIALIST
*students' interests or experiences are NOT allowed
*learning is a realization, NOT a creation
*education is a creature, NOT a creator
Representatives/
Proponents of Essentialist School
Henry Morrison
William Bagley
Franklin Bobbit
Isaac Kandel
Robert Hutchins
idealists (Plato)
realists (Aristotle)
neo-Thomists
Scholasticists
curriculum is flexible based on areas of interest
NO two persons are alike
factor of motivation is individual achievement
the role of the teacher is to stimulate direct learning process
Progressive
individual spontaneity
problem solving
development of creative responsibility
Progressive
*it uses
life experience
approach
*emphasizes on
individual life activities
for the development of the "
whole
" learner
*
NO
final or
fixed values
in advance
WHY teach
Progressive
for the learners to become enlightened & intelligent citizens
to help students understand and appreciate themselves
to help students define their own essence
to educate the whole person, NOT just the mind

WHAT to teach
need-based & relevant curriculum
*a curriculum that responds to students' needs
*a wide variety of options are given
*skills needed to cope with change are being taught
Progressive
HOW
to teach?
Progressive
through experiential methods
problem solving methods
hands-on-minds-on method
field trips
thought-provoking games & puzzles
*self-paced & self-directed
learner-centered
problem-centered
experience-centered
*learner is
NOT
considered as a
passive individual
*learners
interact with the teachers and the environment
*
learning is a product
of the child's interaction
*
interests & needs
of learners
CANNOT be pre-planned
*
experiences
of the learners is the
starting point
*draws on social problems, needs, interest & abilities of learners
Progressive
Progressive
Representatives/
Proponents of Progressive School
John Dewey
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Pestallozi
Froebel
Kilpatrick
Edward Thorndike
George Counts
pragmatist/experientialist
experimentalist
reconstructionist
materialist
existentialist
Discussant:
Ms. JERMINE S. TOMAJIN
The KEY to success is in your hands...
Full transcript