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Transcript of A.J. Vandyke
Poison gas was first introduced by the French, who early in the war fired tear gas at the Germans.
Chlorine was just the start. As the war advanced new and deadlier gases were developed. Some of these included Phosgene and Mustard Gas.
Phosgene was another gas used in the war. It caused a less severe coughing attack, but had delayed affect. Some soldiers died after 48 hours of exposure.
The gas also had drawbacks. When british soldiers made gas and released it, it was blown back in their faces. Afterwards gas was put into artillery shells. This not only made them safe, but also greatly increased range.
Sometimes phosgene and chlorine were mixed. Soldiers called this the "white star" mixture.
Mustard gas was far more dangerous than either previous gases.
Mustard gas Continued...
Mustard gas was highly recognized by the blisters it leaves internally and externally.
French scientists made grenades that could be filled with gas. As time progressed though, the grenades were overturned with bigger weapons.
The Germans soon used an unsuccessful liquid tear gas. After much research, the first major gas attack started at the battle of Ypers. French and Algerian troops suffered under the clouds of Chlorine.
The First Major Strike
Safety precautions were soon realized and used. Cotton wads were dipped in bicarbonate of soda and held over the face. A rag soaked in urine was also effective. Gas masks were soon developed.
The End of Gas
Gas was once a crucial weapon, but soon lost its purpose. One of the most lethal parts of it was suprise. As a result, Protection was made and death by gas in 1915 and so on became rare.