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Elizabethan Era Food & Drink
Transcript of Elizabethan Era Food & Drink
Food and drink is the most important thing to keep us alive. However, humans do not only satisfy with those simple foods. We always try to create new food, with the enjoyment of taste and visual, which is the same as the Elizabethan era. They made lots of delicious foods and drinks, also with some interesting custom at the time. Introduction: Wealthy people had much more variety of food, such as meat, which was reserved for them. Poorer people relied heavily on bread, but also ate barley, mixed grain bread, beans, peas, and oats. The wealthy drank both ale and wine, but the poor only drank ale. Wealthy and Poor Food examples Vegetables: artichokes, asparagus, cucumbers, endive, radish, spinach, lettuce, beans, cabbages, carrots, leeks, parsnips, peas and turnips.
Fruits: grapes, figs, strawberries, raspberries, apples, pears, plums, currants, murberries, cherries.
Red meats: beef, mutlon, veal, lamb, kid and pork.
Poultry: chickens, ducks, geese and even pigeons.
Since fresh food did not keep or transport well, so the meats were preserved by smocking or salting, such as bacon and ham.
They really liked rich and spicy pudding, similar to Christmas pudding. Utensils While preparing food, some utensils used were pots, pans, kettles, skillets, cauldrons, knives, ladles, meat forks, scissors, and a mortar and pestle. They also used a baking tray made of hardened pastry called a "coffin". For eating they ate off of wooden plates called "trenchers" and had pottery jugs for ale. If they ate at someone else's home, they would bring their own utensils. Using fingers was not considered rude. Xueling & Briar Elizabethan Era
Food & Drink Purchasing/growing Food could be purchased at small markets and fairs, but meat was sold at large livestock markets. Country people grew their own food and ate their own animals. Preparation Some cooking methods were spit roasting, baking, boiling, smoking, salting, and frying. Most cooking was done over an open flame. Herbs and spices were added to give flavour and hide the taste of sta food. Sugar, which was used a lot, was used to sweeten wine and spices and ambergis was added too. If water and lime was used it would make the wine dry and sparkling. Serving Elizabethans had interesting serving methods because they wanted to impress other people. They used many different colours, shapes, and "props" for presentation. For example, peacocks were served as part of a meal, but their feathers were used to decorate food. Drinks Ale and wine was drunk at meals because clean drinking water was rare and tea and coffee were not known. The English made their own wine, but not with grapes because English grapes were not suitable for wine. They had wine imported from the continent or they made their own wine from other English fruit, such as cherries and gooseberries becuase the English liked their wines sweet. Vocab Warden pies: sweet pies made of pears
Mace: spic mad from nutmeg
raisins o' the sun: grapes dried in the sun
sack: sherry Intersting facts - Elizabethans loved food!
- they ate 1-3 dishes when alone and 4-6 or even more with guests
-there could be over a dozen courses