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Socio-economic status/divisions in Nigeria
Transcript of Socio-economic status/divisions in Nigeria
Percentage of Population: 23%
Ninety-two percent of middle-class Nigerians have a post-secondary education or have studied at higher institutions of learning
45% of middle-class Nigerian households do not own a car.
About half of the middle-class population are skilled professionals in paid employment, while 38% own their own businesses. Upper Class/ Wealthy Average Education: Tertiary/University education is common.
Common jobs/careers: politicians, businessmen, and the educated elite
Percentage of population in class: 20%
Where lineage and ancestry used to determine social status, wealth is now the prime factor. Sophie Velasquez
Amy Veenker Works Consulted
ADEWUNMI, FEMI. "Nigeria's Middle-class: How We Live, and What We Want from Life." How We Made It In Africa Insight into Business in Africa RSS. How We Made It in Africa, 2 Oct. 2011. Web. 14 Jan. 2013.
Ali-Akpajiak, Sofo C. A., and Toni Pyke. Measuring Poverty in Nigeria. Oxford: Oxfam GB, 2003. Print.
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Nnamani, Chimaraoke. "Poverty in Nigeria …eroding the Dignity of Man." Lecture. Dignity of Man Lecture. Princess Alexandria Hall, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. 6 Oct. 2003. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.dawodu.com/nnamani10.htm>.
Oluba, Martin. "Thinking about the Middle Class in Nigeria." BusinessDay. BDFM Publishers (Pty) Ltd, 14 Feb. 2011. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://www.businessdayonline.com/NG/index.php/analysis/columnists/18146-thinking-about-the-middle-class-in-nigeria>.
"Nigeria." CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html>.
"Culture of Nigeria." Countries and Their Cultures. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/Nigeria.html>.
Emmanuel. "Cursed: Nigeria's (Yes, Nigeria's) Oil Shortage." Web log post. International Political Economy Zone. N.p., 2 Feb. 2010. Web. 17 Jan. 2013.
Robertson, Charles, Nothando Ndebele, Yvonne Mhango, and Renaissance Capital. A Survey of the Nigerian Middle Class. 26 Sept. 2011.http://www.fastestbillion.com/res/Research/Survey_Nigerian_middle_class-260911.pdf Economy "Nigeria has a dual economy with a modern segment dependent on oil earnings, overlaid by a traditional agricultural and trading economy. The oil sector... provides 20% of GDP, 95% of foreign exchange earnings, and about 65% of budgetary revenues. " (Nigeria. Institute for Security Studies)
While Nigeria is rich in crude oil, it lacks the refineries to provide for its populace. This can (and has) led to fuel shortages.
Unemployment rate: 21% (CIA World Factbook)
Exports: petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber
Public debt: 17.8% of GDP (2011 est.) Kambili's family would be considered to be upper class/ wealthy. 1.8% of the population is in the lowest 10% Many rural people do not trust Western-style medicine, So they use traditional medicine with fewer side effects and saves ALOT of money.
Underfunding left Nigeria with:
*Hospitals with poor conditions
* NO modern equipment,
* Shortage of medicine looking for cheaper remedies,Nigerians o turn to black-market vendors, who sell expired or counterfeit drugs. How to spot a Middle class Nigerian
*Own parts of property Kambili's grandfather would be considered a lower class Nigerian "The lower class has little chance of breaking from the vicious cycle of poverty.
Poor education, lack of opportunities, ill health, corrupt politicians, and lack of even small amounts of wealth for investment all work to keep the lower classes in their place."
However, a rise in entrepreneurship is helping to slowly alleviate poverty. Divisions At school, Kambili is seen as a "backyard snob" and is thus alienated from her peers.
Amaka is bitter towards Kambili due to her wealth. At first, she is unable to look past Kambili's wealth and status.
When Mama, Papa, Jaja, and Kambili visit Abba, their home is constantly filled with the poorer people of the village. What does Socio-economic even mean? Socioeconomic status (SES) is the total measure of economic and sociology combined! Usually of a person's work experience or family’s economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation.
So..When analyzing someones SES, those THREE areas are studied.
SES is broken into three categories, high SES, middle SES, and low SES. Since independence in 1960 the country has faced challanges including
*underdeveloped political structures and mechanisms
* poor demographic indicators of high fertility
*mortality and reproductive health outcomes
*breakdown in social orders and orientations and decaying social infrastructures Given the HUGE potential of both human and natural resources in Nigeria,the expectation is that the country should by now rank high among the industrialized nations of the world. What is stopping them from that you ask?