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Galileo Galilei

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by

Jessie Wallace

on 2 April 2014

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Transcript of Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei
Thesis Statement
First to invent a telescope that could effectively be used to study the moon and planets
First to make the theory of a heliocentric system popular
First to challenge Aristotle's law of falling bodies
First to provide the technology needed for making instruments that correctly measured time
Galileo's Early Life
Born on February 15, 1564 in Pisa, Italy
In the town of Florence, he began his education at the Camaldolese monastery
He found he was interested in mathematics and physics at the University of Pisa
His first discovery at the university was pendulum
Pendulum
Galileo discovered pendulum
Pendulum is the concept when a suspended object once set swinging can be used to regulate the movements of a machine
With this, Galileo was able to invent an instrument that measures amounts of time
Law of Falling Bodies
Galileo opposed Aristotle's theory that a heavier object should fall faster than a lighter one.
Galileo climbed to the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, dropped objects of different weights
Galileo disproved the long believed myth by Aristotle
The Telescope
Galileo had success in making a sufficiently powerful telescope
With this telescope, Galileo was able to make many accurate astronomical observations
He discovered satellites orbiting around Jupiter and proved the heliocentric system
Starry Messenger
The Starry Messenger was an astronomical book that included all of Galileo's findings
This book caused trouble with the Church
This book spread the idea of a heliocentric system
Dialogue
In this book, Galileo explained the heliocentric system
The Church disagreed with the heliocentric system, which began the problems between Galileo and they
The Church ordered the book to be banned
Conflict with the Church
The Church did not agree with Galileo's studies
The Church believed in a geocentric system system unlike Galileo
He was forced to go to trial and was was put under house arrest
Later Life
Galileo continued with his studies with motion and mechanics
Galileo's last book was Two New Sciences, which he wrote while he was blind
He died on January 8, 1642 in Arcetri, Italy
Concluding Statement
We have a better understanding today about our solar system thanks to Galileo.
Aristotle's laws might be considered correct today if Galileo did not prove them wrong.
We might not know the basic scientific facts we know today
Full transcript