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Ancient China: The Shang Dynasty
Transcript of Ancient China: The Shang Dynasty
The Shang dynasty was the ruling family of China from around 1760-2530 BCE, and is believed to have lasted for around 600 years after that. It is said that they were the second dynasty of China, however there is no archaeological evidence to support this, so many believe that it was the first, however this is still disputed.
How did men and women live in Ancient China?
Women were not considered equal to men and were not worthy of an education. Women had to listen to male members of their family and when they were born, they weren't given a name. They were not allowed to speak their ideas and they were treated like slaves. When women were married, their job was to give birth to a son. If a woman was married, she was not allowed to remarry if she lost her husband somehow.
Men were the ruling gender in a family. A woman had to listen to her father, her husband (if married), and her son (if widowed). Rich male children went to school but rich females did not. Poor children never went to school, but worked on their parents farms. Men were allowed to remarry and could divorce for any reason.
Rights and freedoms
Shang king - the shang king was the highest ranked social class because he was the king and was referred to as "The descendant of the heavenly king/emperor." A king's heir wasw usually his son. Everyone in the shang dynasty was answerable to the king.
His subjects - 'Yin' was the second highest class below shang king and they had the power to control religion, military, and agraeial (agriculture and farming) systems.
Priests - The priests were in charge of keeping all the government records and were in charge of religion.
Feudal/Nobles - They helped the king rule, kind of like the senate in our parliament now, influencing the prime minister. By helping the king, there people were given land which kept them in a social class above the rest of society. Nobles were allowed to have more than one wife although the first wife was considered the most important.
Peasants, herders, craftsmen, labourers and slaves - They were way below the king, the yin and the nobles in the class system and they really had no rights. These people were only allowed one wife and that wife worked, almost as a slave at whatever the husband did; Farming, trading or selling goods.
Men and women in the Shang Dynasty
The Shang rulers Governed their empire using the feudal system. This meant that people were born into classes, and stayed in them for life. They married within their social class, and were given land and power according to that class.
Ancient China: The Shang Dynasty
Hello, my name is Li Xue. I live in a farm close to the city. Everyday i have to wake up before the sun even comes up to water it. After that, i go to school. i am able to go to school because we aren't as poor as others so i am just able to go. I go into the city to buy a bun for breakfast then i head to my school.
Hello, my name is Li Xue. I live in a farm close to the city. Everyday i have to wake up before the sun even comes up to water the crops and pull out the weeds. After that, i go to school. i am able to go to school because we aren't as poor as others so i am just able to go. I go into the city to buy a bun for breakfast then i head to my school. After 8 hours of studying, i head home for dinner. My mother has to listen to me as she divorced with my dad. I have to study after eating for 3 hours before i go to bed. This goes on for everyday.