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Minoan and Mycenean Civilizations

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Liam Reynolds

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Minoan and Mycenean Civilizations

Minoan and Mycenean Civilizations
Geography
- Myceneans have a rugged landscape, mountains, infertile soils, and wild hills that make farming impossible.
- Minoans live on an island called Crete that is 200 km long, divided by tall mountain ranges, has fertile environments, short milder winters and dry warm summers.

Origins
- Myceneans and Minoans started to use bronze and resources, and increased their interactions with other city-states.
Political/Economical Structure
- Mycenean chiefdoms that were powerful and wealthy take control of small fishing villages. 14th century CE chiefdoms turn into states ruled by Kings with palaces, writing systems, and state institutions.
- Minoans government was decentralized, there were several palaces suggesting the presence of a king. They exported timber, food, cypress wood, wine, olive oil, wool, cloth, herbs, and purple dye to Egypt, Syria, Cyprus, Aegan Islands, and the Greek mainland. They imported precious stones, copper, ivory, silver, gold, and other raw materials.
SimilaritiesMountains.
Differences
- Myceneans have infertile soil, while Minoans have a fertile environment.
-Myceneans are in mainland Greece, while Minoans are located on an island.
Similarities
- The political structure of both civilizations includes palaces, and possibly kings.
Differences
- Myceneans have a writing system and state institutions.
- Minoans mostly exported and imported goods to other civilizations.
Myceneans originated in Knossos and spread throughout the Aegean. Minoans origins are widely unknown.
Archaeology
- Myceneans excavated small houses and an archaeologist named Heinrich Schliemann who excavated wealthy graves who thought he discovered Agamemnon's tomb.
- Minoans palaces were mostly decimated by several earthquakes. Eruption of Thera, a volcano, destroyed an island. Its ash-coated small town, preserving it, was found in 1967 by Spyridon Marinatos.
Similarities
Both civilizations were destroyed by natural disasters
Differences
- Minoans destroyed by volcanoe, Myceneans were not.
Myceneans houses excavated, Minoans mostly destroyed.
Architecture
- Myceneans have fairly complex palaces with areas set aside for administration, storage, and manufacturing.
- Minoans most important building on the island was at Knossos. Palaces were exchange centres, administration, residences, storage, and religious purposes.
Similarities:
- Palaces are used for administration and storage.
Differences
- Minoans also use it for religious, recreational, and residences
Art and Accomplishments
- Myceneans painted fresco paintings, and created terra cotta figuires.
- Minoans made pottery, paintings in the finest rooms of palaces. Imported art and luxury products from Egypt.
Similarities
- Made pottery.
Differences
- Myceneans had fresco paintings and terracotta figures while the Minoans imported products
Religion
- The religion of the Myceneans widely unknown, whether to be from the Myceneans or assimilated from the Dark Ages.
- The Minoans had a cultlike religion, they defied the natural world and found in it a logical order allowing harmony. Had ritualistic celebrations.
Differences: Myceneans unknown, Minoans ritualistic
Fall of Mycenea and Minoan
- Mycenea: Severaldestructions of the civilization. Earthquakes. People abandon the palaces. Decline results from weakened political/economical structure. Potential causes involve natural disasters (earthquakes), foreign invasions, and internal strife.
- Minoan: Palaces were destroyed in 1490 BCE, after being rebuilt. They were invaded by the Myceneans.
Difference:
Myceneans fell to natural disasters, while the Minoans were invaded by the Myceneans.
Mythology The Minotaur and The Trojan War
- Myceneans focused on the Trojan War, which is still unconfirmed as either an actual event or a mere legend.
- The Greeks created a myth about the Minoans involving the minotaur.
Similarties
Both involve Greeks.

Difference:
The Minotaur is confirmed as a mere legend, while the Trojan War is unconfirmed as an event or legend.
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