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WWBP overview

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by

Lyle Ungar

on 22 February 2016

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Transcript of WWBP overview

==> 50 undergraduates?
Gallup Opinion Poll
==> 1 million surveys
Social Media
==> 4 billion Facebook messages/day
==> 400 million Tweets/day

The World Well-Being Project
johannes C. Eichstaedt, M.S. MAPP M.A.
testing...
Intro
So, psychology...
Positive Psychology Center
University of Pennsylvania
Andy Schwartz, PhD
Peggy Kern, PhD
Prof. Lyle Ungar
Prof. Marty Seligman
Gender, Age & Personality

on friday monday sunday saturday tuesday thursday night wednesday weekend next week until morning afternoon tomorrow till working nights
chicken cheese dinner yum soup made rice bacon bread yummy fried eating salad cooking eggs sauce making eat potatoes
Gender
Neuroticism
Extraversion
Goal:
collective
mind in
time and space
Use of Dictionaries
Open Language Analysis
Explicit Language Warning
Gregory Park, PhD
| wwbp.org
Heart Disease
The Language of Heart Disease
Maarten Sap, BS
*
Twitter Predicting Heart Disease
|
Personality
Gender
Age
(public)
Personality
Open-Vocabulary Analysis Infrastructure
Language
Use
Extract
Features
n-grams
phrases
topics
concepts
language characteristics
parts-of-speech
types of phrases
manually-created lexicons
(clusters of related words / phrases)
LDA (David Blei et al., 2002; McCallum, 2002 "MALLET")
(clusters of similar words / phrases, identified by super-concepts )
concept analysis over WordNet (Schwartz, 2011)
distributional similarity Models
snow cold weather outside warm hot its degrees winter heat freezing snowing ice here inside inches summer degree storm

on friday monday sunday saturday tuesday thursday night wednesday weekend next week until morning afternoon tomorrow till working nights
my mom dad with husband wife parents son daughter kids love ex mum brother wonderful hubby sister boyfriend mother
party tonight at halloween birthday night fun club bar dance costume bday parties come saturday via dj sms house
pain blood hospital teeth surgery doctor from tooth dentist wisdom after has brain having doctors had doc pulled pressure
chicken cheese dinner yum soup made rice bacon bread yummy fried eating salad cooking eggs sauce making eat potatoes
entity
physical entity
abstract entity
object
causal agent
matter
process
psychological feature
group
quantity
relation
artifact
cognition
person
nature
social group
association
community
your tender eyes fill mine with roses
NP
PP
NP
VP
NP
S
Volunteer
Information
personality
gender
age
other constructs
Correlation
Pearson R
linear regression
Visualizations
Community Well-Being and Heart Disease
Gender
?
Accuracy:
92%
Building an Instrument
Takeaways
Social Media Measurement is feasible.
Unobtrusive & cheap
High Spatial Resolution
Surprising Accuracy / Validity
Social Media gives insight...
Allows data-driven exploration
gives unexpected insights
Covers a huge range of thoughts, feelings and behaviors
Social Media biases can be handled!
Openness
Conscientiousness
400m tweets/day
Positive Emotion
words
Negative Emotion
words
...
...
Many Psychology Lexica
World-Well Being Project | wwbp.org
Age
13
typical life stage words
classes of emotions
alcohol
I / we
pro/anti-social topics
13-18
19-22
23-29
30+
Personality X Gender
Agreeableness
PERMA
postive emotion
engagement
relationships
meaning
accomplishment

Parts of speech
verbs, pronouns
determiners...

LIWC
anxiety, anger, fear
motion, space, time
body, sexual, ingestion
work, leisure, money
health, religion, death
...

Language of emotionally stable
individuals









counties with Lower Suicide Mortality Rates


Takeaways
Social media measurement is feasible.
Unobtrusive & cheap
High spatial resolution
Surprising accuracy / validity
Covers a huge range of thoughts, feelings and behaviors
gives unexpected insights
Your words reveal your personality and interests.
Your friends words influence your health and happiness
Social media biases can be handled!
Twitter has info beyond demographics
+ socioeconomics (Top 10 killers)



Patient's W
ords and Disease

Reduced Heart Disease
Increased Heart Disease
Emotionally stable individuals
Suicide
Counties with less suicide
Life Satisfaction
H. Andrew Schwartz et al. 2013. Characterizing Geographic Variation in Well-Being using Tweets
higher
satisfaction
lower
satisfaction
Full transcript