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The Church

Chapter 13 Section 3
by

marc casper jaudian

on 27 February 2013

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Transcript of The Church

The Church and Medieval Life The Church Hierarchy Monks in the Church Hierarchy
Monks could become tutors or doctors in the monastery Monasticism The medieval church was divided:
The Secural clergy
The Regular clergy Rule was established by a Roman named Benedict
Disgusted with the corruption he became a hermit
His holiness spread and attracted followers
He established Monte Cassino, a monastery
He created rules that governed the lives of monks
These standards became the Benedictine Rule
The Rule was adopted all over Europe The Christian clergy played an important role in institutions and everyday life. The Church Chapter 13 Section 3 Ronaldo Amor
Isaiah Cruz
Madelyn Flores
Juli Lin
Casper Jaudian Political role
The pope was political and religious in the Papal States.
The church has a code of law called, canon law, and its own courts.
The court could also use an interdict.
The church didn’t want anyone to question the basic principles.
The church also had the power to tax and the parish priest would collect a tithe which is 1/10th of a Christians’ income. Economic and social role
The church didn’t approve of making money off of other people. Monks worked in agriculture and some churches were very much into trade.
They also considered that family was the most sacred and divorces were not practiced. During the Middle Ages the church had most of the power and control that government has today.
The church was as great for the economy as it did socially and also had great importance being somewhat like landowners of Europe. The Parish Priest

In the church there are many ranks of clergy with different roles and duties.
The lowest of these ranks would be the parish priest. He would be responsible for a community’s spiritual life and instruction for it.
Although they were the smallest rank, the priests were very important for he could administer five of the seven sacraments or ceremonies which others could receive God’s favor to ward off the consequences of sin.
They were able to do such as baptisms, Holy Communication, penance, and anointing the sick or dying. The Bishop

The bishops were in control of groups of parishes called a diocese, in which they would be at a cathedral in the principle city of the diocese.
Most bishops were controlled by either royalty such as kings or nobles who the bishops themselves were vassals and would likely have vassals themselves.
The bishops preformed the sacraments of confirmation and the taking holy orders. Church leadership

Many groups of diocese would be known as an archdiocese which was managed by an archbishop who had power over all the bishops of the archdiocese.
The person who had all power of the church was the pope who was advised from a group of counselors known as the curia.
The most powerful members of the curia were known as “princes of the church” or the cardinals.
There are few exceptions, but sometimes men no matter of birth could be able to have great power in the church. one knight stand The Secural clergy included the:
priest
bishops
and the pope

The Secural clergy gave sacraments and preached to the gospel.
In a regular village the parish church would be the most important.
The houses would be little small wood huts, but the parish church would be made of stone and they were usually large. Parish Church The regular clergy included
male monks
Male monks
lived with strict rules
women monks also lived with strict rules but were not part of the regular clergy because they did not fulfill the role in the church. Peasants were illiterate. The Benedictine Rule Life style
monks and nuns withdrew from the world and temptations.
They served god by:
fasting
prayer
self denial
During early years of Christianity monks lived alone and practiced devotion.
They eventually gave that lifestyle up and made religious communities.
All monks lived in monasteries and nuns lived in convents.
Monasticism is the way if life in convents and monasteries. The Three Vows of the Benedictine Rule
Obedience
Stability
Conversion in the way of life Sometimes the priest would hire a vicar. Most of the art in the Medieval times were religious. Monte Cassino
80 miles south of Rome
The building today is not the original it was rebuilt in 1944
The monastery has been attacked, pillaged, and suffered from natural disasters
It is richly decorated with mosaics The churches windows were called a lancet that were to a point.
The crucifix was called a rood with the lower and upper part being the nave. get it one knight hey there you're looking fine. Thank your face. that joke is so funny The spread of monastic influence
many monasteries became rich due to pious nobles giving them land or money
convents also received gifts but not as many.
Missionaries
Saint Patrick is credited for bringing Christianity to Ireland in 432
Saint Augustine led a group of monks to England
Eventually all of England accepted Christianity i came out to the ocean because that was funny YES
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