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Hispanic Culture

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by

Yasmen Ibrahim

on 7 October 2014

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Transcript of Hispanic Culture

Hispanic Culture
What is culture?
Definition
Hispanic
Coined by the U.S. Government


Latino
Origins can be traced back to the Spanish-speaking regions of Latin America, including the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and South America


Origins
Religion
More important to immigrant Hispanics than US born Hispanics
67% immigrant Hispanics claim religion is important to them
49% US born claim religion is important
General public 58%
Roman Catholic is the dominant religion
Roman Catholicism on the decline
In the last 4 years, 67%

55% Hispanics claim to be Roman Catholic
Work Ethic
75% of Hispanics say, "You need to work hard to get ahead."

Only 58% of the general public have this same philosophy
Family Values
Immediate Family
Range: mothers to close friends

Family influences life decisions, especially health care decisions
Marriage/Gender Roles
Traditional views

Women care for the household concerns while men are the main financial providers
Demographics
In 2060, the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the Hispanic population will increase to approximately 31% of the total U.S. population
U.S. Census Bureau. Census Explorer: Population Estimates Edition website. http://www.census.gov/censusexplorer/censusexplorer-popest.html. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Education
87% of Hispanics claimed that college education is extremely important, compared with 78% of the total U.S. population


13% of Hispanics have a bachelor’s degree or higher degree, compared with 30% of the total U.S. population


Primary reasons for not pursuing higher education:
Affordability
Family responsibilities


Alonso R, Tompson T. 87% of Hispanic Value Higher Education, 13% Have College Degree. USA Today website. http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/education/2010-07-30-poll-hispanic-college_N.htm. Published August 30, 2014. Accessed October 5, 2014.
Language
Language Use in the United States: 2011. U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey Reports. http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acs-22.pdf. Published August 2013. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Unique Social Characteristics
Respect for authoritative figures (particularly their elders)
Firm handshake
Formal titles
Minimal direct eye contact and confrontation

Maintain a close distance while conversing

Punctuality is not a priority

Clutter AW, Ruben DN. Understanding Hispanic culture. Ohio State University Web site. http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/5000/5237.html. Accessed October 1, 2014.

Andersen M, Taylor H. Social Interaction and Social Structure. In: Caldera C. Sociology: Understanding a Diverse Society. Fourth ed. Belmont, CA: Thomas Higher Education; 2008: 124-125. Accessed October 5, 2014.
Health Disparities
In 2012, 29.1% of Hispanics lacked health insurance.

Latinos continue to have a greater rate of HIV infection compared to the white population.
In 2010, more than 3x as high
27.5% vs. 8.7% per 100,000 population

An estimated 1 in 36 Latino and 1 in 106 Latina will be diagnosed with HIV.

HIV Among Latinos. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/risk/racialethnic/hispaniclatinos/facts/index.html. Accessed October 1, 2014.
2010 Leading Causes of Death Among Hispanics
Hispanic or Latino populations. Center for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/populations/REMP/hispanic.html. Updated September 15, 2014. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Susceptibility to Diseases or Conditions
Asthma

Chagas Disease
parasitic infection

Teen Pregnancy

Infant Mortality

Obesity

Smoking and Tobacco Use

HIV/AIDS
Overview of Presentation Topics
Lydia:

Cultural Characteristics


Brittany:

Worldviews


Yasmen:

Health Beliefs

Cultural Characteristics
Worldviews
Health Beliefs
Hispanic or Latino populations. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/populations/REMP/hispanic.html. Updated September 15, 2014. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Conclusion
Questions?
Similarity between learning styles and communicating with people from other cultures

According to the APTA cultural competence is a process, not an end point


Vision statement for physical therapy profession
:
"Transforming society by optimizing movement to improve the human experience."


Cheerful Hispanic family. Law Offices of Sean Lewis Web site. http://immigrationnewsnetwork.com/family-based-immigration/cheerful-hispanic-family/. Accessed October 6, 2014.
The 3 Ps of culture shock. Internations Web site. http://blog.internations.org/2012/0/the-3-ps-of-culture-shock/. Accessed October 2, 2014.
Winters, MF. What is diversity?—part 6: It’s all about culture. The Inclusion Solution Web site. http://www.theinclusionsolution.me/what-is-diversity-part-6-its-all-about-culture/. Published October 31, 2013. Accessed October 2, 2014.
Carteret M. Cultural values of Latino patients and families. Dimensions of Culture: Cross-Cultural Communications for Healthcare Professionals Web site. Published 2011. http://www.dimensionsofculture.com/2011/03/cultural-values-of-latino-patients-and-families/. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Hispanic or latino populations. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/populations/REMP/hispanic.html#. Updated September 15, 2014. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Achieving cultural competence. American Physical Therapy Association. Updated September 12, 2013. Accessed October 5, 2014.
Vision statement for the physical therapy profession. American Physical Therapy Web site. www.apta.org/vision/. Published 2013. Accessed October 2, 2014.

Carteret M. Cultural values of Latino patients and families. Dimensions of Culture: Cross-Cultural Communications for Healthcare Professionals Web site. http://www.dimensionsofculture.com/2011/03/cultural-values-of-latino-patients-and-families/. Published 2011. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Barna Group. Hispanic priorities: marriage, family, and youth. http://hispanics.barna.org/hispanic-priorities-marriage-family-and-youth/. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Taylor P, Lopez MH, Martinez J, Valasco G. When labels don't fit: Hispanics and their views of Identity. Pew Research Hispanic Trends Project. http://www.pewhispanic.org/2012/04/04/when-labels-dont-fit-hispanics-and-their-views-of-identity/. Published April 4, 2012. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Taylor P, Lopez MH, Martinez J, Valasco G. When labels don't fit: Hispanics and their views of Identity. Pew Research Hispanic Trends Project. http://www.pewhispanic.org/2012/04/04/when-labels-dont-fit-hispanics-and-their-views-of-identity/. Published April 4, 2012. Accessed October 1, 2014.
Trypanosoma cruzi
Kissing bugs
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