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Colonialism & Imperialism

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Andres Morales

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of Colonialism & Imperialism

Colonialism & Imperialism
by Andres and Justin
Imperialism is when one country that is more powerful extends their power and influence to other less powerful countries by means of diplomacy or military force.
A good example is Germany during World War II. They used military force to obtain Poland, Netherlands, Yugoslavia, France, Greece, Belgium, among many others.
Colonialism is when a country occupies or claims land where they take partial or full control of the government, fill the land with their settlers, and then use the land for its own economical benefit.
One well-known example is
. During its prime, they colonized India, Australia, New England (13 colonies), and successfully established control and settled the areas while using it to their advantage economically.
There is one more powerful state influencing a lesser state
Imperialism is the
imposing of economical, political control over another weaker state
, while Colonialism is the
acquiring of land to settle it and use its materials for its own economic benefit.
Sawyer, Christian L. AP Human Geography Crash Course. Piscataway, NJ: Research & Education Association, 2012. Print.
Rubenstein, James M. An Introduction to Human Geography. 8th ed. Vol. 1. Upper Saddle RIver: Prentice Hall, 2010. Print.
"Colonialism/Imperialism: The Simple Way to Distinguish These Two Is to Think of Colonialism as Practice and Imperialism as the." Colonialism/Imperialism: The Simple Way to Distinguish These Two Is to Think of Colonialism as Practice and Imperialism as the. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2015.
"GlobalEDGE: Your Source for Global Business Knowledge." GlobalEDGE: Your Source for Global Business Knowledge. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2015.
Tsang, Steve. "Hong Kong." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2015. Web. 9 Feb. 2015
"2015 Index of Economic Freedom." Index of Economic Freedom: Promoting Economic Opportunity and Prosperity by Country. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2015.
There are a few similarities between Colonialism and Imperialism
The powerful state uses the acquired land to its advantage
The taking control of another state or land
There are also a few differences between Imperialism and Colonialism
Think of it as Colonialism as a
and Imperialism as the idea of
driving that practice to other places
Essential Question...

How has the legacy of post-colonialism affected the political, economic, and cultural principles of the colonized?
Example to be used:
Hong Kong
Little history on Hong Kong...
The British wanted to establish trade and diplomatic relation with China. China said no, and as a result, Opium Wars. The UK won the War, and gained the island of Hong Kong as a colony through the Treaty of Nanjing.

Hong Kong served as a British port, until 1997 when China and the UK agreed to hand over the busiest port in Asia to the Chinese, after an agreement that was made 99 years before.

There was just one problem. Even though Hong Kong shared a boundary with China, Hong Kong was nothing like China...
China vs Hong Kong T Chart: Political, Economic, and Cultural Principles
Hong Kong
Political Principle:
Communist state
Political Principle:
Limited Democracy
Economic Principles:
Encourages free flow of goods, services, and capital. As a result, it is ranked #1 in Economic freedom in the world
Economic Principles:
Government strangles the flow of free enterprise. As a result, China is ranked 139th in Economic freedom in the world, out of 178 countries
Cultural Principles:
Lots of restrictions on what can happen, including the lack of freedom on the press and human rights
Cultural Principles:
Lots of freedom and flexibility, including freedom of protest
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